Pope Stephen (III) IV
Pope Stephen (III) IV
    Pope Stephen (III) IV
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pope Stephen (III) IV
    Born about 720; died 1 or 3 August, 772. Paul I was not dead when trouble began about the election of his successor. Toto of Nepi with a body of Tuscans burst into Rome, and, despite the opposition of the primicerius Christopher, forcibly intruded his brother Constantine, a layman, into the chair of Peter (June, 767). In the spring of 768, however, Christopher and his son Sergius contrived to escape from the city, and with the aid of the Lombards deposed the usurper. They were also able to overthrow the monk Philip, whom some of their Lombard allies had clandestinely elected pope. By their efforts Stephen, a Sicilian, the son of Olivus, was at length canonically elected and consecrated (7 August, 768). He had been a Benedictine monk, and had been ordained priest by Pope Zachary. After his consecration the antipopes were treated with the greatest cruelty which, it seems to be generally allowed, Stephen was unable to hinder. To prevent the recurrence of such an election as that of Constantine, the Lateran council forbade laymen to be elected popes or to take part in their election for the future. Only Cardinals were to be chosen popes (April, 769). Through Stephen's support the archdeacon Leo was enabled to hold the See of Ravenna against a lay intruder, and in turn through the support of the brothers Charlemagne and Carloman, Kings of the Franks, Stephen was able to recover some territories from the Lombards. But their king, Desiderius, managed to strike two serious blows at Stephen. He brought about a marriage between his daughter and Charlemagne, and in some mysterious manner effected the fall of the pope's chief ministers, Christopher and Sergius. He also allied himself with Paul Afiarta, Stephen's chamberlain, who practised great cruelties when the pope lay dying. Desiderius also brought about trouble in Istria by trying to cause a schism against the Patriarch of Grado, but Stephen defended the patriarch promising him even armed support if necessary. Stephen is honoured as saint in some Martyrologies.
    For bibliography see STEPHEN (II) III, POPE.
    HORACE K. MANN.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope Stephen III — Infobox Pope English name=Stephen III term start=August 7, 768 term end=January 24, 772 predecessor=Paul I successor=Adrian I birth date=?? 720 birthplace=Sicily, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|772|1|24|mf=y deathplace=? other=StephenPope… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Innocent III —     Pope Innocent III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent III     (Lotario de Conti)     One of the greatest popes of the Middle Ages, son of Count Trasimund of Segni and nephew of Clement III, born 1160 or 1161 at Anagni, and died 16… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Clement III —     Pope Clement III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Clement III     (Paolo Scolari).     Date of birth unknown; elected 19 December, 1187; d. 27 March, 1191. During the short space (1181 1198) which separated the glorious pontificates of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Victor III — Victor III Papacy began May 24, 1086 Papacy ended September 16, 1087 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Alexander III — Alexander III Papacy began September 7, 1159 Papacy ended August 30, 1181 Predecessor Adrian IV …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Clement III — Clement III Papacy began December 19, 1187 Papacy ended March 20, 1191 Predecessor Gregory VIII …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Nicholas III — Nicholas III redirects here. See also Patriarch Nicholas III of Constantinople. Nicholas III Papacy began November 25, 1277 Papacy ended August 22, 1280 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Sergius III — Infobox Pope English name=Sergius III birth name=Sergius term start=January 29 904 term end=April 14, 911 predecessor=Leo V successor=Anastasius III birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|911|4|14|mf=y… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Innocent III — Infobox pope English name=Innocent III birth name=Lotario de Conti di Segni term start=January 8, 1198 term end=July 16, 1216 birthplace= Gavignano, Italy birth date=February 22, 1161 predecessor=Celestine III successor=Honorius III… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Leo III — Infobox Pope English name=Leo III birth name=Unknown term start=December 27, 795 term end=June 12, 816 predecessor=Adrian I successor=Stephen IV birth date=Date of birth unknown birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|816|6|12|mf=y …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”