Pope John XI


Pope John XI
Pope John XI
    Pope John XI
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pope John XI
    Date of birth unknown, became pope in 931; d. 936. He was the son of Marozia by her first marriage with Alberic; some, taking Liutprand and the "Liber Pontificalis" as their authority, assert that he was the natural son of Sergius III ("Johannes, natione Romanus ex patre Sergio papa", "Liber Pont." ed. Duchesne, II, 243). Through the intrigues of his mother, who ruled at that time in Rome, he was raised to the Chair of Peter, and was completely under the influence of the Senatrix et Patricia of Rome. To strengthen her own power Marozia married her brother-in-law Hugh, King of Provence and Italy, whose reign in Rome was so tyrannical that a strong opposition party sprang up among the nobles under the leadership of Alberic II, the younger son of Marozia. This party succeeded in overthrowing the rule of Marozia and Hugh; Marozia was cast into prison, but her husband escaped from the city. In this way Alberic became ruler of Rome, and the pope, who suffered by his mother's fall, now became almost entirely subject to his brother, being only free in the exercise of his purely spiritual duties. All other jurisdiction was exercised through Alberic. This was not only the case in secular, but also in ecclesiastical affairs. It was at the instance of Alberic that the pallium was given to Theophylactus, Patriarch of Constantinople (935), and also to Artold, Archbishop of Reims (933). It was this pope who sat in the Chair of Peter during its deepest humiliation, but it was also he who granted many privileges to the Congregation of Cluny, which was later on so powerful an agent of Church reform.
    Liber Pontificalis, ed. DUCHESNE, II, 243; JAFFÉ, Regesta (2nd ed.), I, 454 sq.; LANGEN, Gesch. der röm. Kirche, II, 329-31; REUMONT, Gesch. der Stadt Rom, II, 231 sqq.
    J.P. KIRSCH
    Transcribed by Vivek Gilbert John Fernandez In memory of all past Popes of the Holy Catholic Church

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope John — has been the most common papal name in the Roman Catholic Church, used by 21 popes, though the numbering of them has been irregular through history due to antipopes and differences in old lists. The Latin name is Iohannes .# Pope John I (523–526) …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John X —     Pope John X     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John X     Born at Tossignano, Romagna; enthroned, 914; died at Rome, 928. First a deacon ( see Deacons ), he became Archbishop of Ravenna about 905, as successor of Kailo. In a document dated 5… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John IX —     Pope John IX     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John IX     (898 900).     Not only is the date of John s birth unknown, but the date of his election as pope, and that of his death are alike uncertain. He became pope in the early part of 898 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John II — of Alexandria was the Coptic Pope from 505 to 516 .Infobox Pope English name=John II birth name=Mercurius term start=January 2 533 term end=May 8 535 predecessor=Boniface II successor=Agapetus I birth date=??? birthplace=Rome dead=dead|death date …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John IV —     Pope John IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John IV     (640 642).     A native of Dalmatia, and the son of the scholasticus (advocate) Venantius. The date of his birth is uncertain; d. 12 October, 642. At the time of his election he was… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John II —     Pope John II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John II     (533 535).     The date of the birth of this pope is not known. He was a Roman and the son of Projectus; if not born in the second region (Coelimontium) he had at least been a priest …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John VI —     Pope John VI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John VI     (701 705).     A Greek, the date of whose birth is unknown; d. 11 January, 705. He ascended the papal throne 30 October, 701. Some time during his reign there came to Rome from… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John V —     Pope John V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John V     (685 686).     A Syrian whose father was one Cyriacus; when he was born is not known; d. 2 August, 686. As a deacon ( see Deacons ) he was one of those who represented the Apostolic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope,John — Pope, John. 1822 1892. American Union general in the Civil War who was defeated by Gen. Robert E. Lee at the Second Battle of Bull Run (1862). * * * …   Universalium

  • Pope John XX — There has never been a Pope John XX, because the 20th pope of this name, formerly Petrus Hispanus, decided to skip the number XX and to be counted as John XXI instead. He wanted to correct what in his time was believed to be an error in the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.