John II


John II
John II
    Pope John II
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pope John II
    (533-535).
    The date of the birth of this pope is not known. He was a Roman and the son of Projectus; if not born in the second region (Coelimontium) he had at least been a priest of St. Clement's Basilica on the slope of Mons Coelius. He seems to have been the first who changed his name on being raised to the papacy (2 Jan., 533). The basilica of St. Clement still retains several memorials of "Johannes surnamed Mercurius". Presbyter Mercurius is found on a fragment of an ancient ciborium, and several of the marble slabs which enclose the schola cantorum bear upon them, in the style of the sixth century, the monogram of Johannes. At this period simony in the election of popes and bishops was rife among clergy and laity. After the death of the predecessor of John II there was a vacancy of over two months, and during that period shameless trafficking in sacred things was indulged in. Even sacred vessels were exposed for sale. The matter was brought before the Senate, and before the Arian ( see Arianism ) Ostrogothic Court at Ravenna. As a result the last decree (Senatus Consultum) which the Senate of Rome is known to have issued, and which, passed under Boniface II, was directed against simony in papal elections, was confirmed by the Gothic King Athalaric. He ordered it to be engraved on marble, and to be placed in the atrium of St. Peter's (533). By one of Athalaric's own additions to the decree, it was decided, that if a disputed election was carried before the Gothic officials of Ravenna by the Roman clergy and people, three thousand solidi would have to be paid into court. This sum was to be given to the poor. John himself, however, always remained on good terms with Athalaric, who referred to his tribunal all actions brought against the Roman clergy. Justinian also showed his good will to the See of Rome in John's person. He sent him his profession of faith and many valuable presents. Some time before John became pope, the East was agitated by the formula, "One of the Trinity has been crucified", which had been put forward as a means of reconciling various heretical sects. Condemned by Pope Hormisdas, the formula fell out of use. Afterwards revived, it was in a modified form defended by Justinian, and opposed by the Acoemetæ, or sleepless monks. But they were condemned by the pope who informed the emperor of his action (24 March, 534). The crimes of Contumeliosus, Bishop of Riez, in Provence, caused John to order the bishops of Gaul to confine him in a monastery. Till a new bishop should be appointed he bade the clergy of Riez obey the Bishop of Arles. Two hundred and seventeen bishops assembled in council at Carthage (535) submitted to John II the question as to whether bishops who had lapsed into Arianism should, on repentance keep their rank or be admitted to lay communion. The answer to their question was given by Agapetus, as John II died 8 May, 535. He was buried in St. Peter's.
    HORACE K. MANN
    Transcribed by S. Rohrbach In Honor of the R.P. Rohrbach Family

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John — ist ein Vorname und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 1.1 Deutscher Nachname 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Künstl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John I — may refer to:People* John Chrysostom (349–c. 407), Patriarch of Constantinople. * John of Antioch (died 441). * Pope John I, Pope from 523 to 526. * John I of Naples (died c. 719). * John I of Gaeta (died c. 933). * John I Tzimiskes (c. 925–976) …   Wikipedia

  • John II — may refer to:People* John Papa Īī * John of Cappadocia (died 520), Patriarch of Constantinople. * Pope John II, Pope from 533 until his death in 535. * John II Platinus (died 702), Exarch of Ravenna. * John II of Naples (died 919). * John II of… …   Wikipedia

  • John 2 — is the second chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It contains the famous stories of the miracle of Jesus turning water into wine and Jesus expelling the money changers from the Temple.Water into WineThe… …   Wikipedia

  • John 20 — is the twentieth chapter of the Gospel of John in the Bible. It relates the story of Jesus resurrection. It relates how Mary Magdalene went to the tomb of Jesus and found it empty. Jesus appears to her and speaks of his resurrection and… …   Wikipedia

  • John — 1 John 2 John 3 John 4 John 5 John 6 John 7 John 8 John 9 John 10 John 11 John 12 John 13 …   The King James version of the Bible

  • John 3 — is the third chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Nicodemus The first part of the chapter begins with Nicodemus, said to be a member of the ruling council, coming to talk with Jesus, whom he calls Rabbi.… …   Wikipedia

  • John X —     Pope John X     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John X     Born at Tossignano, Romagna; enthroned, 914; died at Rome, 928. First a deacon ( see Deacons ), he became Archbishop of Ravenna about 905, as successor of Kailo. In a document dated 5… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John IV — may refer to: * Patriarch John IV of Constantinople, Patriarch from 582 to his death in 595 * Pope John IV, Pope from 640 to his death in 642 * John IV, Bishop of Naples (died 835) * John IV of Naples, Duke from 997 to after 1002 * John IV of… …   Wikipedia

  • John IX —     Pope John IX     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John IX     (898 900).     Not only is the date of John s birth unknown, but the date of his election as pope, and that of his death are alike uncertain. He became pope in the early part of 898 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John V — may refer to: * John the Merciful, Patriarch of Alexandria from 606 to 616 * Patriarch John V of Constantinople, Patriarch from 669 to 675 * Pope John V, Pope from 685 to his death in 686 * John V the Historian, Catholicos of Armenia from 897 to… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.