Felix IV
Felix IV
    Pope St. Felix IV
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pope St. Felix IV
    (Reigned 526-530).
    On 18 May, 526, Pope John I died in prison at Ravenna, a victim of the angry suspicions of Theodoric, the Arian ( see Arianism ) king of the Goths. When, through the powerful influence of this ruler, the cardinal-priest, Felix of Samnium, son of Castorius, was brought forward in Rome as John's successor, the clergy and laity yielded to the wish of the Gothic king and chose Felix pope. He was consecrated Bishop of Rome 12 July, 526, and took advantage of the favor he enjoyed at the court of Theodoric to further the interests of the Roman Church, discharging the duties of his office in a most worthy manner. On 30 August, 526, Theodoric died, and, his grandson Athalaric being a minor, the government was conducted by Athalaric's mother Amalasuntha, daughter of Theodoric and favorably disposed towards the Catholics. To the new ruler the Roman clergy addressed a complaint on the usurpation of their privileges by the civil power. A royal edict, drawn up by Cassiodorus in terms of the deepest respect for the papal authority, confirmed the ancient custom that every civil or criminal charge of a layman against a cleric should be submitted to the pope, or to an ecclesiastical court appointed by him. A fine of ten pounds of gold was imposed as a punishment for the violation of this order, and the money thus obtained was to be distributed amongst the poor by the pope (Cassiodorus, "Variae", VIII, n. 24, ed. Mommsen, "Mon. Germ. Hist.: Auctores antiquiss.", XII, 255) The pope received as a gift from Amalasuntha two ancient edifices in the Roman Forem, the Temple of Romulus, son of the Emperor Maxentius, and the adjoining Templum sacroe urbis, the Roman land registry office. The pope converted the buildings into the Church of SS. Cosmas and Damian, which still exists and in the apse of which is preserved the large and magnificent mosaic executed by order of Felix, the figure of the pope, however, being a later restoration (see COSMAS AND DAMIAN). Felix also took part in the so-called Semipelagian conflict in Southern Gaul concerning the nature and efficiency of grace. He sent to the bishops of those parts a ser5ies of "Capitula", regarding grace and free will, compiled from Scripture and the Fathers. These capitula were published as canons at the Synod of Orange (529). In addition Felix approved the work of Caesarius of Arles against Faustus of Riez on grace and free will (De gratia et libero arbitrio). Rendered anxious by the political dissensions of the Romans, many of whom stood for the interests of Byzantium, while others supported Gothic Rule, Felix IV, when he fell seriously ill in the year 530, wished to ensure the peace of the Roman Church by naming his successor. Having given over to Archdeacon Boniface his pallium, he made it known publicly that he had chosen Boniface to succeed him, and that he had apprised the court of Ravenna of his action ("Neues Archiv", XI, 1886, 367; Duchesne, "Liber Pontificalis", I, 282, note 4). Felix IV died soon afterwards, but in the papal election which followed his wishes were disregarded (see BONIFACE II). The feast of Felix IV is celebrated on 30 January. The day of his death is uncertain, but it was probably towards the end of September, 530.
    Transcribed by William G. von Peters, Ph.D.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Felix IV — Félix IV Pour les articles homonymes, voir Félix. Félix IV Félix IV est pape entre 526 et 530 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Félix IV — fue Papa desde 526 hasta 530. Nacido en Samnium, hijo de un tal Castorius. Tras la muerte de Juan I, fue elegido papa por Teodorico el Grande, que controlaba a la curia romana. Esta alianza reportó grandes beneficios a la Iglesia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • FELIX IV — FELIX IV. e Samnitibus oriundus, fil. Castorii, successit Iohanni I. Theodorici auctoritate. Apud Athalaricum, de gothorum persecutione conquestus, libertatem Ecclesiae impertavit. Obiit A. C. 530. sedis 4. Ei successit Bonifacius II …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Félix IV — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Félix. Félix IV Félix IV († 530), ou Félix III (Félix II ayant été déclaré antipape) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Felix IV. — Mosaik des Felix III. (um 527 530 entstanden, später restauriert) Felix III. war von 526 bis 530 Bischof von Rom. Sein Name bedeutet: „Der Glückliche“. In einer anderen Zählung erscheint er als Felix IV., da Felix II. oftmals als rechtmäßiger… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Félix IV — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Felix IV — Saint, died A.D. 530, pope 526 530. * * * …   Universalium

  • Felix IV — Saint, died A.D. 530, pope 526 530 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Felix IV (III), Pope Saint — • Since Felix II was an antipope imposed by the Arians while Pope Liberius was still alive, St. Felix IV is sometimes called Felix III. Pope St. Felix IV died in 530 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Felix IV, S. (19) — 19S. Felix IV., Papa (30. Jan.) Dieser hl. Papst Felix, dieses Namens der Vierte6, sonst aber der 54ste in der Reihenfolge der Päpste, geboren zu Benevent als der Sohn eines gewissen Castorius, wurde nach dem hl. Papst Johannes I., der im J. 525… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

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