Pope Benedict IX
Pope Benedict IX
    Pope Benedict IX
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pope Benedict IX
    The nephew of his two immediate predecessors, Benedict IX was a man of very different character to either of them. He was a disgrace to the Chair of Peter. Regarding it as a sort of heirloom, his father Alberic placed him upon it when a mere youth, not, however, apparently of only twelve years of age (according to Raoul Glaber, Hist., IV, 5, n. 17. Cf. V, 5, n. 26), but of about twenty (October, 1032). Of his pontifical acts little is known, except that he held two or three synods in Rome and granted a number of privileges to various churches and monasteries. He insisted that Bretislav, Duke of Bohemia, should found a monastery, for having carried off the body of St. Adalbert from Poland. In 1037 he went north to meet the Emperor Conrad and excommunicated Heribert, Archbishop of Milan, who was at emnity with him (Ann. Hildesheimenses, 1038). Taking advantage of the dissolute life he was leading, one of the factions in the city drove him from it (1044) amid the greatest disorder, and elected an antipope (Sylvester III) in the person of John, Bishop of Sabina (1045 -Ann. Romani, init. Victor, Dialogi, III, init.). Benedict, however, succeeded in expelling Sylvester the same year; but, as some say, that he might marry, he resigned his office into the hands of the Archpriest John Gratian for a large sum. John was then elected pope and became Gregory VI (May, 1045). Repenting of his bargain, Benedict endeavoured to depose Gregory. This resulted in the intervention of King Henry III. Benedict, Sylvester, and Gregory were deposed at the Council of Sutri (1046) and a German bishop (Suidger) became Pope Clement II. After his speedy demise, Benedict again seized Rome (November, 1047), but was driven from it to make way for a second German pope, Damasus II (November, 1048). Of the end of Benedict it is impossible to speak with certainty. Some authors suppose him to have been still alive when St. Leo IX died, and never to have ceased endeavouring to seize the papacy. But it is more probable that the truth lies with the tradition of the Abbey of Grottaferrata, first set down by Abbot Luke, who died about 1085, and corroborated by sepulchral and other monuments within its walls. Writing of Bartholomew, its fourth abbot (1065), Luke tells of the youthful pontiff turning from his sin and coming to Bartholomew for a remedy for his disorders. On the saint's advice, Benedict definitely resigned the pontificate and died in penitence at Grottaferrata. [See "St. Benedict and Grottaferrata" (Rome, 1895), a work founded on the more important "De Sepulcro Benedicti IX", by Dom Greg. Piacentini (Rome, 1747).]
    The most important source for the history of the first nine popes who bore the name of Benedict is the biographies in the Liber Pontificalis, of which the most useful edition is that of Duchesne, Le Liber Pontificalis (Paris, 1886-92), and the latest that of Mommsen, Gesta Pontif. Roman. (to the end of the reign of Constantine only, Berlin, 1898). Jaffé, Regesta Pont. Rom. (2d ed., Leipzig, 1885), gives a summary of the letters of each pope and tells where they may be read at length. Modern accounts of these popes will be found in any large Church history, or history of the City of Rome. The fullest account in English of most of them is to be read in Mann, Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages (London, 1902, passim).
    HORACE K. MANN
    Transcribed by Kryspin J. Turczynski

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope Benedict XI — Benedict XI Papacy began 22 October 1303 Papacy ended 7 July 1304 Predecessor Boniface VIII …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Benedict — Benedict is the regnal name of the current Roman pontiff, Pope Benedict XVI (2005 ndash;present) and has been the name of fourteen other popes (and three antipopes): *Pope Benedict I (575 ndash;579) *Pope Benedict II (684 ndash;685) *Pope… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Benedict V —     Pope Benedict V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict V     Date of birth unknown; died 4 July, 965.     Benedict V was elected pope (May, 964) in very critical circumstances. The powerful emperor, Otho I, had forcibly deposed the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Benedict XI —     Pope Benedict XI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict XI     (Nicholas Boccasini)     Born at Treviso, Italy, 1240; died at Perugia, 7 July, 1304. He entered the Dominican Order at the age of fourteen. After fourteen years of study, he …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Benedict IV —     Pope Benedict IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict IV     Date of birth unknown; died in the summer of 903.     The Popes Benedict from the fourth to the ninth inclusive belong to the darkest period of papal history. The reigns of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Benedict I —     Pope Benedict I     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict I     Of the first Pontiff who bore the name of Benedict practically nothing is known. The date of his birth is unknown; he d. 30 July, 579. He was a Roman and the son of Boniface,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Benedict VI —     Pope Benedict VI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict VI     Date of birth unknown; d. August, 974 (see Ricobaldi of Ferrara, Compil. Chron., in Rer. Ital. SS. IX). Benedict, Cardinal Deacon of St. Theodore, a Roman and the son of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Benedict X —     Pope Benedict X     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict X     The bearer of this name was an antipope in the days of Nicholas II, 1056 61. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Benedict XV — Infobox Pope English name=Benedict XV birth name=Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa term start=September 3 1914 term end=January 22 1922 predecessor=Pius X successor=Pius XI birth date=November 22 1854 birthplace=Genoa, Italy dead=dead… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Benedict IX — Infobox Pope English name=Benedict IX birth name=Theophylactus term start=1. October, 1032 2. April, 1045 3. November, 1047 term end=1. September, 1044 2. May, 1045 3. July, 1048 predecessor=1. John XIX 2. Sylvester III 3. Clement II successor=1 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”