Pietro Berrettini
Pietro Berrettini
    Pietro Berrettini
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pietro Berrettini
    (Called Pietro da Cortona)
    A distinguished Italian painter, architect, and writer, b. at Cortona, in Tuscany, 1 November, 1596; d. at Rome, 16 May, 1669. He studied first under his uncle, Filippo Berrettini, and then at Florence under Andrea Commodi. At the age of fifteen he left that city for Rome, and entered the studio of Baccio Ciarpi, a Florentine painter. There he applied himself to the study of the works of Raphael, Michelangelo, and Polidoro, to that of the antique sculptures and notably of the bas-reliefs of the column of Trajan. While still very young he attracted the attention of Cardinal Sacchetti, who became his protector, and for whom were painted the first two of his works, "The Battles of Alexander" and "The Rape of the Sabines". Thereupon, Pope Urban VIII gave him the order to decorate a chapel of the church of Santa Bibiana. Such was his success there that he received the commission to paint what proved to be his most celebrated work, the ceiling of the great salon of the Barberini Palace, representing, in allegory, the history of that family. He then designed some mosaics for the dome of St. Peter's. After a trip through Lombardy and a sojourn at Venice, he went to Florence, where the Grand Duke Ferdinand II employed him to decorate the Pitti Palace. There he painted several important frescoes, but left without completing the series, angered by the actions of jealous rivals. The compositions included "Clemency of Alexander to the Family of Darius", "The History of Masinissa", "The Continence of Cyrus", and "The Firmness of Porsenna". The work was completed by his pupil Ciro Ferri. On his return to Rome Berrettini received many important commissions, acquiring a great reputation. He executed a number of frescoes in churches, as well as easel pictures. He became wealthy, and Pope Alexander VII created him a Chevalier of the Order of the Golden Spur. His principal pupils were Francesco Romanelli, Ferri, Testa, Giordano, and Borgognone. He is buried in the church of San Martino, of which he was architect, and to which he left a large sum of money.
    Bryan, Dictionary of Painters and Engravers (London and New York, 1903-05).
    Transcribed by Susan Birkenseer

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cortona,Pietro Berrettini da — Cor·to·na (kôr tōʹnə, nä), Pietro Berrettini da. 1596 1669. Italian painter and architect best known for his fresco on the ceiling of the Barberini palace in Rome, The Allegory of Divine Providence and Barberini Power (1633 1639). * * * …   Universalium

  • Pietro da Cortona — Pietro da Cortona, byname of Pietro Berrettini (November 1 1596 May 16, 1669) was an Italian artist and architect of High Baroque. He is best known for painting fresco ceilings, a pursuit in which he had ample competition in the Rome of his day,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pietro da Cortona — (Pietro Berrettini da Cortona; Cortona, 1596 Roma, 1669), pintor y arquitecto italiano. Es una de las personalidades más significativas del Barroco romano. Hacia 1624 empezó a trabajar para la familia Barberini, para la que pintó El triunfo de la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pietro da Cortona — Pietro da Cortona,   eigentlich Pietro Berrettini, italienischer Maler und Baumeister, * Cortona 1. 11. 1596, ✝ Rom 16. 5. 1669; tätig in Rom und Florenz, Vertreter des römischen Hochbarock. Seine illusionistische Wand und Deckenmalerei setzt den …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Pietro da Cortona — orig. Pietro Berrettini born Nov. 1, 1596, Cortona, Tuscany died May 16, 1669, Rome, Papal States Italian painter, architect, and decorator. The son of a stonemason, he was apprenticed to a painter in Florence. His first major work, a series of… …   Universalium

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  • Pietro da Cortona — Pierre de Cortone Peintres A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z par courant / par nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

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