Military Orders of Saint Hubert
Military Orders of Saint Hubert
    Military Orders of St. Hubert
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Military Orders of St. Hubert
    I. The highest order of Bavaria, founded in 1444 or 1445 by Gerhard V, Duke of Jülich, in commemoration of a victory gained on St. Hubert's day (3 Nov.); some, however, date the establishment as late as 1473 and 1475. After being held by collateral branches of the family, and passing through many political changes, the Duchy of Jülich, at the beginning of the eighteenth century, was under the jurisdiction of the Electoral Prince Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Neuberg. In 1708 he restored the Order of St. Hubert, which has fallen into desuetude, vesting the grandmastership in his own person, and conferred the cross of the order on a number of his courtiers, together with generous pensions, on condition that the tenth part of these monies be set aside for the poor, and a goodly sum be distributed on the day of their reception into the order. The order was confirmed (30 March, 1800), by Maximilian, King of Bavaria, who stipulated that each capitular should have filled for at least six years the post of commander in the Order of the Crown of Bavaria, which he himself had instituted. The chapter was assigned for 12 October, and the number of capitulars fixed at twelve. According to Schoonebeck the original collar of the order was composed of small horns obtained in the chase; later it was of gold, the forty-two links bearing alternately the representation of the conversion of St. Hubert and I. T. V., the initials of the device of the order. The cross is of gold enamelled in white and surmounted by a crown; on one side is represented the conversion of St. Hubert, with the Gothic legend In traw vast (firm in fidelity); on the other the imperial orb and the inscription In memoriam recuperatæ dignitatis avitæ 1708.
    II. An order instituted in 1416 under the name of the Order of Fidelity by the principal lords of the Duchy of Bar, for the purpose of putting an end to the perpetual conflicts between the Duchies of Bar and Lorraine, and uniting them under René of Anjou. The order, which was to last for five years, was made perpetual in 1422 and placed under the patronage of St. Hubert. On the cession of the Duchies of Bar and Lorraine to France, Louis XV confirmed the knights in their ancient privileges. During the Revolution the order was maintained at Frankfort, but was reorganized in France in 1815, and formally recognized by Louis XVIII the following year. It did not survive the Revolution of 1830. The cross of the order bore on one side the image of St. Hubert kneeling before a cross visible between the horns of a stag; and on the other the insignia of the Duchy of Bar, with the inscription: Ordo nobilis s. Huberti Barensis, institutus anno 1416.
    Almanach de Gotha (—1837); HÉLYOT, Dict. des ordres relig.
    F.M. RUDGE
    Transcribed by Gerald Rossi

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hubert, Saint, Military Orders of — • The highest order of Bavaria, founded in 1444 or 1445 by Gerhard V, Duke of Jülich, in commemoration of a victory gained on St. Hubert s day (3 Nov.); some, however, date the establishment as late as 1473 and 1475 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Order of Saint Hubert — Collar of the Grand Master, plus exemplars of the Knights Cross, Order of Saint Hubert Awarded by Duke of Bavaria Type …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Order of Saint George for the Defense of the Immaculate Conception — The Royal Military Order of Saint George for the Defense of the Faith and the Immaculate Conception was founded by Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria in 1726 to provide for a means of honouring the nobility and recognizing distinguished… …   Wikipedia

  • List of abbeys and priories in England — Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Article layout 2 Abbreviations and key …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian I of Mexico — Maximilian I Emperor Don Maximiliano I (Maximilian I) around age 33, c.1865 Emperor of Mexico Reign 10 April 1864 – 19 …   Wikipedia

  • Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria — Rupprecht Crown Prince of Bavaria Spouse Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria Princess Antonia of Luxembourg Issue Prince Luitpold of Bavaria Princess Irmingard Maria of Bavaria …   Wikipedia

  • Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg — Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg (or Charles Philip, Prince of Schwarzenberg (April 18, 1771 – October 15, 1820) was an Austrian field marshal.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • George IV of the United Kingdom — Infobox British Royalty|majesty name =George IV title =King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; King of Hanover imgw =225 caption =Portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1816 reign =29 January 1820 – 26 June 1830 coronation =19 July… …   Wikipedia

  • Death and funeral of Otto von Habsburg — His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke Otto of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary[1][2] and his wife Princess Regi …   Wikipedia

  • List of prizes, medals, and awards — A list of famous prizes, medals, and awards including badges, bowls, cups, state decorations, trophies, etc. Contents 1 Business and management 2 Entertainment 2.1 Advertising …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”