- Michael Sigismund Frank
- Michael Sigismund FrankMichael Sigismund Frank† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Michael Sigismund FrankCatholic artist and rediscoverer of the lost art of glass-painting; b. 1 June, 1770, at Nuremberg; d. at Munich, 16 January, 1847. His father was a dealer in provisions, living in comfortable circumstances, who destined his boy to become his successor in business. But these plans were thwarted by Sigismund's passionate fondness for art. The mother, without her hustand's knowledge, had him instructed in drawing in the local academy, an institution of moderate merit. Young Frank's progress was so marked as to astonish his friends.Having lost his father in early youth, Frank was apprenticed to his godfather Neubert, who carried on at Nuremberg the business of lacquering and decorating wooden boxes and caskets. His progress in this work was rapid, but he stayed less than a year with Neubert. After returning to the house of his mother, who had married a second time, he once more enthusiastically devoted himself to the study of drawing, meantime painting boxes for other manufacturers at Nuremberg and earning enough to pay his expenses. On completing his twenty- first year his parents induced him against his inclination to wed Marie H. Blechkoll, the daughter of an hotel-keeper who brought him as her dowry the inn Zur Himmelsleiter which exists to this day. But Frank was not born to be an innkeeper. He continued his art studies while his wife managed the hotel. However, he now turned his attention to painting porcelain, to which art one of his guests, the skilful porcelain-painter Trost, had introduced him. His success was immediate, and when, after a married life of five years, his wife died, he sold the hotel and established a porcelain factory. The undertaking, which brought him a good income, led him to travel in Austria, Hungary, and Turkey; at Vienna he made the acquaintance of several prominent artists, under whose instruction he perfected himself as a colourist.At the beginning of the nineteenth century, however, when Western Germany repeatedly became the scene of French invasions, Frank's business interests suffered severely. It was then that his attention was turned in a wholly new direction. At the shop of a business friend named Wirth he met an Englishman to whom Wirth sold some fragments of ancient coloured glass for what seemed to Frank a large sum. On inquiry he found that the high price paid was due to the fact that the art of painting in glass which had been coloured while molten–an art which had produced so many of the magnificent church and palace windows during the Middle Ages and the early Renaissance–had been entirely lost during the eighteenth century. Frank determined to recover the lost secret of this art. Unaided and untaught, he toiled for several years to accomplish his purpose; his savings fast disappeared, and his success seemed more and more doubtful. His friends expressed fears that he would become a financial and mental wreck, and urged him to give up his fruitless efforts. But Frank persevered, and in 1804 there came a turn in his fortunes. He had found at last the method of producing coloured glass which he had so long sought. His first commission was to paint the coat of arms of the Rhenish Count Schenk, for his chapel at Greifenstein in Franconia. When this glass-painting was seen by the travelling agent of a London art house named Rauh, a Nuremberger like Frank himself, he recognized at once that Frank's work was practically the same as the ancient glass-painting the secret of which had been lost. He hastened to Nuremberg, saw Frank, and made business arrangements with him. Frank now made several hundred pieces for the Englsih market, some of which made their way to Philadelphia and Baltimore. But the diappearance of Rauh in 1807 put an end to Frank's prosperity and might have had serious consequences had not King Maximilian I of Bavaria become the artist's patron (1808). So favourable was the impression made on the king by Frank's execution of the royal Bavarian coat of arms that the monarch not only paid him generously, but turned over to him for factory purposes the building called the Zwinger, in Nuremberg. Henceforth Frank produced many works for King Maximilian, such as the "Circumcision", after Heinrich Goltzius; the "Nativity", after Bolzwerth; the "Passion", six parts after Lucas van Leyden; the Mosque of Cordova; "St. Barbara", after Holbein; the "Judgment of Solomon", after Raphael; the "Magi", after Rubens. For King Louis I, also, Frank executed many commissions, especially the glass decorations of the cathedral of Ratisbon.In 1818 Maximilian appointed Frank painter in glass at the royal porcelain factory in Munich, with a salary of 800 florins annually. When, in 1827, Maximilian's successor established the royal institute for glass-painting, Frank was entrusted with all the arrangements and with the technical management, particularly with the preparation of the colours to be used and the manufacture of the coloured glass plates. He was also charged with instructing assistants in the secrets of his craft. Here he worked until 1840 when he retired with an annual pension of 1200 florins.He was the father of many children, of whom the most prominent is the well-known historical painter Julius Frank. Among his friends were the great physicist Fraunhofer and the Viennese glass-painter Molin, who bore enthusiastic testimony to the excellence of Frank's colouring, especially his reds and his flesh colour.Mitteilungen des Verbandes deutscher Glasmalerei (Munich, 1907); VON SCHADEN in his Skizzen (Munich, 1829).CHARLES G. HERBERMANNTranscribed by WGKofron In memory of Fr. John Hilkert, Akron, OhioFidelis servus et prudens, quem constituit Dominus super familiam suam.
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Michael Sigismund Frank — (b. 1 June 1770, Nuremberg; d. Munich, 16 January 1847) was a Catholic artist and rediscoverer of the lost art of glass painting. His father was a dealer in provisions, living in comfortable circumstances, who destined his son to become his… … Wikipedia
Frank, Michael Sigismund — • Catholic artist and rediscoverer of the lost art of glass painting; b. 1 June, 1770, at Nuremberg; d. at Munich, 16 January, 1847 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Frank  — Frank, 1) Sebastian, geb. um 1500 in Donauwörth (daher er sich S. F. von Wörd od. von Wert nennt), verheirathete sich 1528 in Nürnberg mit Ottilie Behaim, war Anfangs ein Anhänger Luthers (welcher auch zu seiner Übersetzung der Beschreibung der… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
FRANK, MENAHEM MENDEL — (late 15th–first half of 16th century), rabbi. He at first served as av bet din in Poznan, Poland, and from 1529 was rabbi of Brest Litovsk, Lithuania. Frank was granted judicial authority by the king to assist Michael Ezofovich in tax collection … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Sigismund von Herberstein — Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein (* 24. August 1486 in Wippach; † 28. März 1566 in Wien) war ein österreichischer kaiserlicher Rat und Gesandter am Russischen Hof. Seine Reisebeschreibungen in seiner berühmten Moscovia machen ihn zum Begründer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Julius Frank — (* 11. April 1826 in München; † 30. April 1908 ebenda) war ein deutscher Historienmaler. Leben Julius Frank war Sohn des Glasmalers Michael Sigismund Frank († 1847). Er widmete sich unter Claudius Schraudolph d. Ä. der religiösen Malerei und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Louis Ferdinand Victor Eduard Adalbert Michael Hubertus von Preußen — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Louis Ferdin … Deutsch Wikipedia
Glasmalerei — Glasmalerei, 1) Methode, mit Deckfarben auf die Rückseite von gewöhnlichen Glasscheiben zu malen, so daß das Bild auf der Vorderseite erscheint. Eine sehr untergeordnete Malart; sie wird bes. in Tyrol u. dem Baierischen Hochland ausgeübt u. ein… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Liste der Berliner Persönlichkeiten — Diese Liste enthält in Berlin geborene Persönlichkeiten. Ob sie im Weiteren in Berlin gewirkt haben ist ohne Belang. Die Liste erhebt keinen Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Politiker 2 Militärangehörige … Deutsch Wikipedia
Liste der Söhne und Töchter der Stadt Berlin — Diese Liste enthält in Berlin geborene Persönlichkeiten. Ob sie im Weiteren in Berlin gewirkt haben ist ohne Belang. Die Liste erhebt keinen Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Politiker 2 Militärangehörige … Deutsch Wikipedia