- Ad Universalis Ecclesiae
- Ad Universalis Ecclesiae• A papal constitution dealing with admission to religious orders
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Ad Universalis EcclesiaeAd Universalis Ecclesiae† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Ad Universalis EcclesiaeA papal constitution dealing with the conditions for admission to religious orders of men in which solemn vows are prescribed. It was issued by Pius IX, 7 February, 1862. This Pope had issued from time to time various decrees: e.g. "Romani Pontifices" (25 January, 1848), "Regulari Disciplinae" (for Italy and adjacent isles, 25 January, 1848), and "Neminem Latet" (19 March, 1857). These three decrees found their completion and perfection in the constitution, "Ad Universalis Ecclesiae." It marks a distinct departure from the Tridentine law, both as to the necessary age and other requirements for admission of men to solemn vows in orders, congregations, and institutes, old and new, in which solemn vows are prescribed. The immediate occasion of its promulgation was the settlement, once and forever, of doubts which had arisen and been presented to the Holy See about the validity of solemn vows made without due observance of the decree, "Neminem Latet", i.e. without the three years' profession of simple vows. It gives the reason of the "Neminem Latet" regulation, which was to safeguard the religious orders, congregations, and institutes from losing their genuine spirit and former excellence by hastily and imprudently admitting youths having no true vocation or of whose lives, morals, bodily and mental endowments, no proper investigation had been made and no testimonial to the aforesaid had been requested of, or received from, the bishop of their native place, or of the places where they had sojourned for the year immediately preceding their admission to the house of postulants. This the "Neminem Latet" accomplished by decreeing that novices after the completion of their probation and novitiate and, if clerics, of the sixteenth year of their age (prescribed by the Council of Trent), or of a more advanced age, if the rule of their order approved by the Holy See required it, if lay brothers, the age fixed by Pope Clement VIII (in Suprema), should make profession of simple vows for the term of three full years; and after the completion of said term, to be computed from day of profession to the last hour of the third year, if found worthy, they were to be admitted to solemn profession, unless their superiors, for just and reasonable cause, postponed the solemn profession; such postponement being prohibited beyond the twenty-fifth year of age, except in the orders and countries where a longer term of simple profession was conceded by special indult of the Holy See. The Pope says that, nevertheless, novices had been admitted to solemn profession without the three years' simple vows, thereby giving great cause for doubt concerning the validity of said solemn profession; and a decision upon that matter was requested from the Holy See. As the "Neminem Latet" said not a word about the nullity of solemn profession made in opposition to its regulation, the solemn profession made without the prescribed three years of simple vows was valid, though illicit. This was decided later (S. Cong. on State of Regulars, 16 August, 1866). "We, therefore," declares Pius IX in this constitution,in a matter of such great importance, desiring to remove all occasion of future doubt, of Our own motion and certain knowledge, and in the plenitude of Our Apostolic power as regards the religious communities of men of whatever order, congregation, or institution in which solemn vows are made, do determine and decree to be null and void and of no value the profession of solemn vows, knowingly or ignorantly, in any manner, colour or pretext, made by novices or lay brothers, who, although they had completed the Tridentine probation and novitiate, had not previously made profession of simple vows and remained in that profession for the entire three years, even though the superiors, or they, or both respectively, had the intention of admitting to, or making, solemn vows, and had used all the ceremonies prescribed for solemn profession.Women were not included in this law. They, unless where special indults were granted, as in Austria (Bizzarri, 158), and Bavaria (Bizzarri, 463), followed the Tridentine regulation until Leo XIII (3 May, 1902, Decretum "Perpensis", S.C. Epp. et Regul.) enjoined on them the same profession of simple vows for three years prior to the solemn profession, under penalty of nullity.VERMEERSCH, De religiosus institutis et personis, II (Monumenta, 332-336; 233-234; 289 sqq.); BIZARRI, Collectanea in usum Secretariae S. Congr. Epp. et Regul. (Rome. 1885). 831, 843, 853 sqq.; MOCCHEGIANI, Jurisprudentia Eccles., I, lib. II; NERVEGNA, De Jure Practico Regularium, 113 (lib. II, "De professis"); FERRARI, De statu reli. Comment., 95 (vi, De professione); MONTENSI, Praelect. Juris Regularis, II, iii sqq.; LUCIDI-SCHNEIDER, De Visitatione SS. Liminum (ed. 1885), II, 86 sqq.; WERNZ, Jus Decretalium (Jus Administrat. III, tit. xxiv, De professione religiosa).P.M.J. ROCK
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Universalis Ecclesiae — (lat.: Der universalen Kirche) ist eine Zirkumskriptionsbulle vom 29. September 1850, mit ihr ordnet Papst Pius IX. die Wiederherstellung der kirchlichen Hierarchie in England an. Der Papst legte fest, dass die kirchliche Hierarchie aus der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Universalis Ecclesiae — On 29 September 1850, by the Bull Universalis Ecclesiae , Pope Pius IX recreated the Roman Catholic hierarchy in England, which had become extinct with the death of the last Marian bishop in the reign of Elizabeth I. Westminster became the… … Wikipedia
Ad Universalis Ecclesiae — is a papal constitution dealing with the conditions for admission to religious orders of men in which solemn vows are prescribed. It was issued by Pope Pius IX on 7 February 1862.HistoryPius IX had issued, from time to time, various decrees.… … Wikipedia
Histoire de l'Église catholique — L histoire de l’Église catholique peut être articulée sur quelques périodes charnières où se modifie la manière dont elle entend accomplir sa mission : La Pentecôte, la conversion de Constantin, la réforme grégorienne, le conflit entre… … Wikipédia en Français
Histoire de l'Église catholique romaine — Histoire de l Église catholique L histoire de l’Église catholique peut être articulée sur quelques périodes charnières où se modifie la manière dont elle entend accomplir sa mission : La Pentecôte, la conversion de Constantin, la réforme… … Wikipédia en Français
Histoire de l'église catholique romaine — Histoire de l Église catholique L histoire de l’Église catholique peut être articulée sur quelques périodes charnières où se modifie la manière dont elle entend accomplir sa mission : La Pentecôte, la conversion de Constantin, la réforme… … Wikipédia en Français
Passé catholique — Histoire de l Église catholique L histoire de l’Église catholique peut être articulée sur quelques périodes charnières où se modifie la manière dont elle entend accomplir sa mission : La Pentecôte, la conversion de Constantin, la réforme… … Wikipédia en Français
Епархия Регенсбурга — лат. Dioecesis Ratisbonensis нем. Bistum Regensburg … Википедия
Liste päpstlicher Bullen — Diese Liste beinhaltet eine Auswahl päpstlicher Bullen. Da sich für wichtige Entscheidungen und Maßnahmen die besondere Urkundenart der Bulle im engeren Sinne erst im Laufe des 13. Jahrhunderts entwickelt, der Begriff aber oft unspezifisch… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pope Pius IX — Pius IX Papacy began 16 June 1846 Papacy ended 7 February 1878 ( 1000000000000003100000031 years, 10000000000000236000000236 days) … Wikipedia