Bayonne


Bayonne
Bayonne
Diocese comprising the Department of Basses-Pyrenees

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Bayonne
    Bayonne
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Bayonne
    (Lapurdum)
    The Diocese of Bayonne comprises the Department of Basses-Pyrenees. Reorganized in 1802, it included, besides certain parishes of the Diocese of Dax and Tarbes, the Diocese of Oloron and Lescar. It was suffragan to the Archiepiscopal See of Toulouse from 1802 to 1822, thereafter to that of Auch.
    Diocese of Bayonne
    Local tradition maintains that St. Leo, the martyr, with whose memory is associated a miraculous fountain, was the first Bishop of Bayonne. No bishop is historically known prior to the sixth century, although some think that Bayonne, designated as civitas in the Treaty of Andelot (587), must have had a bishop at that time, whilst others couple the foundation of the See of Bayonne with the establishment of the Kingdom of Aquitaine (778). Until 1655, the Diocese of Bayonne included much Spanish territory, i.e. the four Archpresbyteries of Bastan, Lerin, Cinco Villas in Navarre, and Fontarabia in Guipuzcoa, a remnant of Charlemagne's conquests beyond the Pyrenees. Christopher de Beaumont, afterwards Archbishop of Paris, occupied the See of Bayonne from 1741 to 1745 and Astros occupied it from 1820 to 1830.
    Sees of Lescar and Oloron
    A local legend recorded in the great "Breviaire de Lescar" of 1541, and patterned after the Limousin legend of St. Martial, holds that St. Julian, sent from Bordeaux by St. Leontius, was the first Bishop of Lescar; but according to history, St. Galactorius, martyred perhaps by the Visigoths after their defeat at Vouille, and St. Gratus, both mentioned in the council of Agde (506), were respectively the first incumbents of the See of Lescar and the See of Oloron known to history. Until 1789 the Bishops of Lescar presided by right over the Assembly of the States of Bearn. Amongst those who occupied the See of Oloron was Roussel, the Dominican (1536-50), protégé of Margaret of Navarre and a convert to Calvinism.
    Sponde (Spondanus, 1568-1643), Bishop of Pamiers, who carried on the work of Baronius; Duvergier de Hauranne (1581-1643), Abbe de St. Cyran, the second founder of Jensenism, and Cardinal Lavigerie were born in territory now included in the Diocese of Bayonne. Betharram is celebrated as a place of pilgrimage as also are Notre Dame de Pietat, at Paradies, and Notre Dame de Sarrance, visited by King Louis XI. In 1899 the following institutions were to be found in the diocese: 1 infant asylum, 38 infant schools, 2 orphanages where farming is taught, 10 girls' orphanages, 5 gratuitous industrial schools, 2 houses of refuge for young girls, 2 patronages, 1 temporary home for servants, 4 hospitals or hospices, 1 insane asylum, 6 homes for the aged, and 1 private hospital, all conducted by Sisters, and 2 orphanages where farming is taught, conducted by Brothers, and 4 patronages for young people conducted either by priests or brothers. At the close of 1905 the Diocese of Bayonne contained 426,347 inhabitants, 43 pastorates, 449 succursales or mission churches, and 91 curacies.
    In 1900 the following religious orders were represented in the diocese: the Jesuits and Franciscans at Pau, and the Capuchins at Bayonne. Among the local congregations are: the Auxiliary Priests of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, devoted to teaching and missionary work, founded at Betharram in 1841. They have missions at Bethlehem, Buenos Ayres, and Montevideo. The Servants of Mary, who teach and serve in hospitals; their mother-house is at Anglet. The Bernardines, with mother-house also at Anglet, were founded in 1846; they keep perpetual silence and divide their time between prayer and work of sewing and embroidery.
    Gallia christiana (nova) (1715), I, 1261-1324; instrumenta, 197-202; Dubarat, Dtudes de l'histoire locale et religieuse (Pau, 1889-92); Idem, Le breviaire de Lescar de 1541 (Pau, 1891); Dubarat and Haristoy, Etudes historiques et religieuses du diocese de Bayonne (1892); Duchesne, Fastes episcopaux, II; Chevalier, Topobibliographie, s.v.
    GEORGES GOYAU
    Transcribed by Susan Birkenseer

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bayonne — Bayonne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BAYONNE — BAYONNE, town in southwestern France. The first Jewish settlement in Bayonne, in the suburb of Saint Esprit, consisted of marranos originally from Spain and Portugal, who settled there early in the 16th century. In 1550 they were granted rights… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BAYONNE — Héritière de l’antique Lapurdum mentionnée vers la fin du IVe siècle (d’où le nom du pays de Labourd), Bayonne était administrée au Xe siècle par un évêque et un vicomte. Faisant partie de l’Aquitaine, elle appartient aux Anglais de 1199 à 1451,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bayonne — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Bayonne puede referirse a: Bayonne, ciudad francesa cuyo nombre en español es Bayona Bayonne ciudad estadounidense situada en el estado de Nueva Jersey Obtenido de Bayonne Categoría:… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bayonne —   [ba jɔn], Hafenstadt im Département Pyrénées Atlantiques, Frankreich, kurz vor der Mündung des Adour in den Golf von Biscaya, 40 000 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; Baskisches Museum, Kunstmuseum, Stierkampfarena.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bayonne — Bayonne, NJ U.S. city in New Jersey Population (2000): 61842 Housing Units (2000): 26826 Land area (2000): 5.626004 sq. miles (14.571283 sq. km) Water area (2000): 5.628194 sq. miles (14.576955 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.254198 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bayonne, NJ — U.S. city in New Jersey Population (2000): 61842 Housing Units (2000): 26826 Land area (2000): 5.626004 sq. miles (14.571283 sq. km) Water area (2000): 5.628194 sq. miles (14.576955 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.254198 sq. miles (29.148238 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bayonne — (spr. bajónn ), 1) Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Niederpyrenäen, am Zusammenfluß der Nive und des Adour, 6 km vom Golf von Gascogne, Knotenpunkt der Südbahn, Festung erster Klasse, zerfällt in drei Hauptstadtteile: Großbayonne, auf… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bayonne — (spr. Bäjonn), 1) Bezirt im französischen Departement Nieder Pyrenäen, 221/2 QM., 88,300 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt am Zusammenfluß der Niève mit dem Adour, starke Festung mit Citadelle, von Vauban erbaut, Kriegshafen (durch 2 lange Molos gesichert) mit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bayonne — (spr. bajónn), das alte Lapurdum, Hafen und Handelsstadt und Festung im franz. Dep. Basses Pyrénnées, am Adour, (1901) 27.601 E.; bedeutender Handel. Hier 5. Mai 1808 Entsagung Karls IV., Königs von Spanien, zugunsten Napoleons I …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.