- Battle Abbey
- Battle Abbey• Founded by William the Conqueror on the site of the Battle of Senlae or Hastings (1066)
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Battle AbbeyBattle Abbey† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Battle AbbeyFounded by William the Conqueror on the site of the Battle of Senlae or Hastings (1066), nearly seven miles from the town of Hastings, in the County of Sussex, England. The building was begun in the following year, but was erected on such a great scale that it was not finished till the reign of William Rufus. It was designed for one hundred and forty monks, though there were never more than sixty in residence at one time. The first monks were from the Benedictine Abbey of Marmoutier in Normandy; the new foundation was dedicated to the Holy Trinity, St. Mary, and St. Martin, and was consecrated on 11 February, 1094. The king offered there his father's sword and coronation robes, and the abbey was enriched by many privileges, including the right of sanctuary, of treasure trove, of free warren, and of inquest, and the inmates and tenants were exempt from all episcopal and secular jurisdiction. It was ruled by a mitred abbot who afterwards had a seat in Parliament and who had the curious privilege of pardoning any criminal he might meet being led to execution. The monastic buildings were about a mile in circuit and formed a large quadrangle, the high altar of the church being on the spot where Harold fell. At the Abbey was kept the famous "Roll of Battle Abbey" which was a list of all those who accompanied William from Normandy. As time went on and the honour of descent from one of these Norman families was more highly thought of, unauthentic additions seem to have been made, and the present state of the text of the Roll is unsatisfactory from a critical point of view. At the time of the suppression of the Abbey (May, 1538), there were seventeen monks in residence and the income was returned as £987 which would be more than £10,000 in present value. Abbot Hammond, the last of the line of thirty-two abbots, was pensioned off and the buildings were given to Sir Antony Browne, a royal favourite, who pulled down the abbey, and built a mansion on its site. The entrance gate and considerable ruins now alone remain of the original buildings. In 1719, Lord Montague sold Battle Abbey to Sir Thomas Webster whose descendants held it until 1858, when it was bought by Lord Harry Vane, afterwards Duke of Cleveland. On the death of Duchess of Cleveland in 1901 it was purchased by Sir Augustus Webster, a descendant of its former owners. Through the eighteenth century a small Catholic congregation continued to exist at Battle, and now there is a Catholic church and a resident priest in the town.The Chronicle of Battle Abbey, 1066-1176, ed. Lower (London, 1851); Chronicon Monast. De Bello in Anglia Christiana (London, 1846); Dugdale, Monasticon (London, 1821), III, 233-259; Custumals of Battle Abbey 1283-1312 (Camden Society, 1887), New Series, XLI; Duchess of Cleveland, The Battle Abbey Roll (London, 1889), 3 vols.; Clarke, Catalogue of Muniments of Battle Abbey (London, 1835), in 97 folio volumes.EDWIN BURTONTranscribed by Susan Birkenseer
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Battle Abbey — (actually named St. Martin s Abbey) is a partially ruined abbey complex in the small town of Battle in East Sussex, England.In 1070 Pope Alexander II ordered the Normans to do penance for killing so many people during their conquest of England.… … Wikipedia
Battle Abbey — Benediktinerabtei Battle Lage: Vereinigtes Königreich England Patrozinium: Gründungsjahr: 1070 Jahr der Auflösung/ Aufhebung: 1538 Mutterkloster … Deutsch Wikipedia
Battle Abbey Roll — The Battle Abbey Roll is popularly supposed to have been a list of William the Conqueror s companions, preserved at Battle Abbey, on the site of his great victory over Harold.It is known to modern historians only from 16th century versions of it… … Wikipedia
Battle (East Sussex) — Battle Abbey in Battle Battle ist ein Ort mit rund 6.000 Einwohnern im District Rother in der Grafschaft East Sussex, England, ca. 8 km von Hastings entfernt. Nachbarstädte sind Hastings im Südosten und Bexhill on Sea im Süden. Die Stadt wurde an … Deutsch Wikipedia
Battle, East Sussex — Infobox UK place official name=Battle country=England region=South East England static static image caption=View along the high street towards the abbey area footnotes=cite web |url=http://www.eastsussexinfigures.org.uk/webview/ |title=East… … Wikipedia
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Battle of Hastings reenactment — The Battle of Hastings reenactment is a yearly event at Battle Abbey in Battle, East Sussex, UK, recreating the Battle of Hastings. It takes place every year on the weekend nearest the 14th October on the site of the historical battle, although… … Wikipedia
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