JOHN XVI (XVII), Antipope
JOHN XVI (XVII), Antipope
    John XVI (XVII)
     Catholic_Encyclopedia John XVI (XVII)
    Antipope 997-998; d. probably in 1013. After the death of John XV, Bruno, a relative of Otto III and his chaplain, was raised through the royal influence to the papal throne as Gregory V, and crowned on 3 May, 996. On 21 May the new pope placed the imperial crown on the young King Otto III in Rome. After Otto's departure the patricius Crescentius and his followers rose against the pope, and in September, 996, drove him out of the city. In the following May (997) Archbishop John Philagathus of Piacenza, who had returned shortly before from a mission to Constantinople whither he had been sent by Otto III, was made antipope by Crescentius. John was a native of Rossano in Calabria, at that time a part of the Byzantine Empire. He became a monk and was closely connected with Empress Theophano, through whose influence he received the Abbey of Nonantola from Otto II. He was the godfather of the imperial Prince Otto, afterwards emperor. After the death of Otto II he remained the trusted adviser of the empress dowager who, in 988, promoted him to the episcopal See of Piacenza, raised for him to an archbishopric, though later restored to its original rank. At the court of Otto III he retained his influential position. The king sent him at the end of 995 to Constantinople to arrange a matrimonial alliance between the sovereign and a Byzantine princess. Notwithstanding this proof of favour on the part of the imperial family, John allowed himself on his return from Constantinople to be won over to the projects of Crescentius, who wished through him to bring about an alliance with Byzantium against the German Emperor. St. Nilus of Rossano, the famous abbot and a compatriot of John, sought to dissuade him from the usurpation of the papal throne, but without avail.
    At the Synod of Pavia held by Gregory V at Pentecost, 997, Crescentius was excommunicated, and in July the pope issued a decree bringing Piacenza once more under the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Ravenna. In the following winter Otto III returned to Italy at the head of an army, and in February, 998, entered Rome, while the antipope fled, and Crescentius entrenched himself in the Castle of Sant' Angelo. John XVI was captured by the imperial soldiers, deprived of his sight, and, his nose and ears having been mutilated, was brought in this condition to Rome. At the Lenten Synod of 998, held shortly after in Rome, Gregory V formally deposed the antipope, who, at the intercession of St. Nilus, was removed from prison to a monastery. When, in spite of all this, John again appeared before Gregory in episcopal robes, these were torn from him, and he was led through the streets of Rome on an ass amid the popular derision. According to the unreliable "Vita" of St. Nilus, he was thrown back into prison; while other sources relate that he was again confined in the monastery, where he died. The "Annales Fuldenses" record his death under date of 2 April, 1013. At Easter, 998, Otto III took the Castle of Sant' Angelo, and on 29 April Crescentius was beheaded.
    Letters of the Byzantine ambassador Leo to Otto III in Sotér, XV (1892), 217 sqq.; JAFFÉ, Regesta Rom. Pont., II (2nd ed.), 495 sq.; LANGEN, Gesch. der röm. Kirche, III, 385-7; HEFELE, Conciliengesch., IV (2nd ed.), 650 sq. See also the works under OTTO II and OTTO III and on the history of Rome given under JOHN XIII.
    Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to Fr. John Hilkert and St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John XVI (XVII) — • Antipope 997 998; d. probably in 1013 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Antipope John XVI — John XVI, born Johannes Philagathos, called by Latin chroniclers Piligato or Filagatto (died ca 1001) was an antipope from 997 to 998.Born at Rossano in the Byzantine territories of Southern Italy, he was the chaplain of Theophanu, [Arnulf of… …   Wikipedia

  • Antipope — For the book by Robert Rankin, see The Antipope. An antipope (Latin: antipapa) is a person who opposes a legitimately elected or sitting Pope and makes a significantly accepted competing claim to be the Pope,[1] the Bishop of Rome and leader of… …   Wikipedia

  • John — Contents 1 Religious figures 1.1 Papacy 2 Rulers and other political figures …   Wikipedia

  • Иоанн XVI — (умер 26 августа 1001[1], Рим) антипапа с …   Википедия

  • Juan XVI (antipapa) — Juan XVI Antipapa de la Iglesia católica 997 – 998 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pope John — has been the most common papal name in the Roman Catholic Church, used by 21 popes, though the numbering of them has been irregular through history due to antipopes and differences in old lists. The Latin name is Iohannes .# Pope John I (523–526) …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John XVII — Infobox Pope English name=John XVII birth name=Sicco term start=June 13, 1003 term end=December, 1003 predecessor=Silvester II successor=John XVIII birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=December, 1003 deathplace=Rome, Italy… …   Wikipedia

  • Antipape Jean XVI — Jean XVI Jean XVI, né Johannes Philagathos et appelé par les chroniqueurs latins Piligato ou Filagatto, fut antipape de 997 à 998. Né à Rossano, dans les territoires byzantins au sud de la péninsule italienne, il fut chapelain de Théophano… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean XVI (antipape) — Jean XVI Jean XVI, né Johannes Philagathos et appelé par les chroniqueurs latins Piligato ou Filagatto, fut antipape de 997 à 998. Né à Rossano, dans les territoires byzantins au sud de la péninsule italienne, il fut chapelain de Théophano… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”