Giovanni Battista Rinuccini
Giovanni Battista Rinuccini
    Giovanni Battista Rinuccini
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Giovanni Battista Rinuccini
    Born at Rome, 1592; d. at Fermo, 1653; was the son of a Florentine patrician, his mother being a sister of Cardinal Ottavo. Educated at Rome and at the Universities of Bologna, Perugia and Pisa, in due course he was ordained priest, having at the age of twenty-two obtained his doctor's degree from the University of Pisa. Returning to Rome he won distinction as an advocate in the ecclesiastical courts, and in 1625 became Archbishop of Fermo. For the twenty years following, his life was the uneventful one of a hard-working chief pastor, and then, in 1645, he was sent as papal nuncio to Ireland. Maddened by oppression, the Irish Catholics had taken up arms, had set up a legislative assembly with an executive government, and had bound themselves by oath not to cease fighting until they had secured undisturbed possession of their lands and religious liberty. But the difficulties were great. The Anglo-Irish and old Irish disagreed, their generals were incompetent or quarrelled with each other, supplies were hard to get, and the Marquis of Ormond managed to sow dissension among the members of the Supreme Council at Kilkenny. In these circumstances the Catholics sought for foreign aid from Spain and the pope; and the latter sent them Rinuccini with a good supply of arms, ammunition, and money. He arrived in Ireland, in the end of 1645, after having narrowly escaped capture at sea by an English vessel. Acting on his instructions from the pope, he encouraged the Irish Catholics not to strive for national independence, but rather to aid the king against the revolted Puritans, provided there was a repeal of the penal laws in existence. Finding, however, that Ormond, acting for the king, would grant no toleration to the Catholics, Rinuccini wished to fight both the Royalists and the Puritans. The Anglo-Irish, satisfied with even the barest toleration, desired negotiations with Ormond and peace at any price, while the Old Irish were for continuing the war until the Plantation of Ulster was undone, and complete toleration secured. Failing to effect a union between such discordant elements, Rinuccini lost courage; and when Ormond surrendered Dublin to the Puritans, and the Catholics became utterly helpless from dissension, he left Ireland, in 1649, and retired to his diocese, where he died.
    Rinuccini, The Embassy to Ireland (tr. Hutton, Dublin, 1873); Gilbert, History of Irish Affairs (1641-52, 1880); Meehan, Confederation of Kilkenny (Dublin, 1846); D'Alton, History of Ireland (London, 1910).
    E.A. D'ALTON
    Transcribed by Nicolette Ormsbee

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giovanni Battista Rinuccini — Nacimiento 15 de septiembre de 1592 Roma, Italia Falle …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giovanni Battista Rinuccini — (September 15 1592 [Alazzi 1844: Notizie biographiche ] – December 28 1653) was a Roman Catholic archbishop in the mid seventeenth century. He was a noted legal scholar who became chamberlain to Pope Gregory XV, who made him the Archbishop of… …   Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Battista Rinuccini — (Rome 15 septembre 1592 – Fermo 28 décembre 1653) était un archevêque catholique romain du milieu du XVIIe siècle. Il était un éminent lettré et il gravit tous les échelons sacerdotaux jusqu à devenir archevêque de Fermo en Italie. Il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giovanni Battista — Giovanni Battista, was a common Italian given name (see Battista for those with the surname) in the 16th 18th centuries, which in English means John the Baptist . Common nicknames include Giambattista, Gianbattista or Giovambattista. The Genoese… …   Wikipedia

  • Rinuccini, Giovanni Battista — • Papal nuncio to Ireland during the uprising of 1645 49 (1592 1653) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Rinuccini — is a surname, and may refer to: *Giovanni Battista Rinuccini, an Italian archbishop. *Ottavio Rinuccini an Italian poet and librettist.surname …   Wikipedia

  • Rinuccini — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Giovanni Battista Rinuccini (1592–1653), apostolischer Nuntius in Irland Ottavio Rinuccini (1562–1621), italienischer Dichter und Librettist Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RINUCCINI, Ottavio — (1562 1621) Ottavio Rinuccini, born in Florence and active there for most of his life, was a librettist, poet, and courtier. He was of a noble Florentine family and received a good classical education. At an early age he became a member of the… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Cino Rinuccini — (Florencia, hacia 1350 1417) fue un poeta florentino del siglo XIV. (Su nombre en italiano se pronuncia /chíno rinuchíni/). Pertenecía a una familia rica, una de las más eminentes de Florencia. En 1381 se matriculó en la cofradía del Arte de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pope Innocent X — Infobox pope|English name=Innocent X Latin name=Innocens PP. X birth name=Giovanni Battista Pamphilj or Pamphili term start=September 15, 1644 term end=January 7, 1655 predecessor=Urban VIII successor=Alexander VII birth date=birth… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”