Bartholomew


Bartholomew
Bartholomew
Also called Bartholomaeus Parvus (the Little), born at Bologna, year not known; died 15 August, 1333

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Bartholomew
    Bartholomew
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Bartholomew
    "APOSTLE OF ARMENIA."
    Also called Bartholomaeus Parvus (the Little), born at Bologna, year not known; died 15 August, 1333. Nothing certain has been preserved as to his family. At the end of the thirteenth century, while still young, he entered the Dominican Order, made his studies in the monastery of his native town, and soon became noted as a capable theologian and a preacher zealous for souls. Pope John XXII cherished a great desire not only to keep the Catholic Armenians in connection with the Roman See, but also to lead the schismatic part of this people into unity with the Church; for this reason he supported and encouraged the Dominican missions in the regions inhabited by Armenians. Bartholomew was selected to be the head and leader of a little band of Dominican missionaries whom John XXII sent to Armenia. He was consecrated bishop and received as his see the city of Maragha, lying east of Lake Urumiah. Accompanied by several companions the new missionary bishop arrived (1318-20) in the territory assigned to him. He studied the Armenian language, built a monastery for his brethren of the order, and with the aid of these began his apostolic labors. He met with such success that large numbers of heathen and Mohammedans were converted and many schismatic Armenians were brought into Catholic unity. The zealous bishop gave great care to this latter part of his missionary labors, as he found many Armenians favorably disposed to union. Bartholomew's reputation for saintliness and learning spread rapidly into distant regions and came to the knowledge of a group of Armenian monks who were striving after a higher degree of perfection and the attainment of Church unity. The leader of these monks was the learned John of Kherna (Kherni), the head of a monastery near Kherna in the district of Erentschag (now Alenja), not far from Nachidjewan. John was a pupil of the celebrated theologian Isaias, whose school had produced 370 doctors of theology (Vartabed). In 1328 John of Kherna sought out Bishop Bartholomew, remained with him a year and a half and became a warm advocate of union with the Roman Church. He sent an invitation to a conference, drawn up by the zealous missionary, to his former fellow-students, and Bartholomew went with him to Kherna, where the conference was held. The result was that a large number of learned monks joined John of Kherna in submitting to the authority of the Holy See. In order to promote union and raise religious life John founded in 1330, with the consent of Bartholomew, a religious congregation called the "Uniats (Unitores) of St Gregory the Illuminator", which was later incorporated with the Dominicans. About this time Bartholomew seems to have substituted Nachidiewan for Maragha as his see. This brought him nearer to the center of Armenia, so that he was able to work more efficiently for the development of the union. He translated a number of works into the Armenian language, as the Psalter, treatises of St. Augustine, the "Summa contra Gentiles" of St. Thomas, and a part of the "Summa Theologica"; he also wrote several original works, especially a work on casuistry and a treatise on the sacraments.
    Conciliationes ecclesiae Armenae cum Romana, ed. CLEM. GALANO, Armenian and Latin (Rome, 1650), Pt. I, 598f.; MELLONI, Atti e memorie degli uomini illustri in santità nati o morti in Bologna (Bologna, 1779), cl. II, vol. II, 110-142; TOURON, Hist. des hommes illustres de l'ordre de S. Dominique (Paris, 1743), II, 110f.; TOURNEBIZE, Histoire politique et religieuse de l'Arménie, Les Frères-Unis de S. Grégoire l'Illuminateur in Revue de l'Orient chrétien (1906), 74f.; BRÉHIER, L'Eglise et l'Orient au moyen áge (Paris, 1907), 280-281.
    J.P. KIRSCH
    Transcribed by the Cloistered Dominican Nuns, Monastery of the Infant Jesus, Lufkin, Texas Dedicated to Christian unity

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bartholomew — steht für: Bartholomew, eine Variante des Vornamens Bartholemew, siehe Bartholemew Bartholomew ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bob Bartholomew (* 1944), US amerikanischer Gewichtheber Dave Bartholomew (* 1920), US amerikanischer R B… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bartholomew — masc. proper name, from O.Fr. Barthelemieu, from L. Bartholomæus, from Gk. Bartholomaios, from Aramaic bar Talmay, lit. son of Talmai, from the proper name Talmai, abounding in furrows. One of the 12 Apostles, his festival is Aug. 24. On this… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bartholomew — [bär thäl′ə myo͞o΄] n. [ME Bartelmeus < LL (Vulg.) Bartholomaeus < Gr Bartholomaios < Aram bar talmai, lit., son of Talmai] 1. a masculine name: dim. Bart; equiv. Fr. Bartholomé, It. Bartolomeo, Ger. Bartholomäus, Sp. Bartolomé 2. Bible… …   English World dictionary

  • Bartholomew — (spr. Bartholomju), 1) schiffbarer Fluß in den Vereinigten Staaten, entspringt in Arkansas u. fließt in südwestlicher Richtung nach Louisiana, wo er sich in den Washita ergießt; 2) Canton im südöstlichen Centralpunkte des Staates Indiana;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bartholomew — m English: of New Testament origin, the name of an apostle mentioned in all the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) and in the Acts of the Apostles. It is an Aramaic formation meaning ‘son of Talmai’, and has been assumed by many scholars… …   First names dictionary

  • Bartholomew — Forme anglaise ou flamande du prénom Barthélémy (voir ce nom) …   Noms de famille

  • Bartholomew — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Bartholomew est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Classement par ordre alphabétique du prénom Dave Bartholomew (1920 ), trompettiste …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bartholomew — /bahr thol euh myooh /, n. 1. one of the 12 apostles: sometimes called Nathanael. Mark 3:18. 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning son of Talmai. * * * (as used in expressions) Bartholomew the Englishman Bartholomew Saint Bartholomew… …   Universalium

  • Bartholomew I — (Dimitrios Archontonis), born 1940, Archbishop of Constantinople and Ecumenical Patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church since 1991. * * * ▪ Eastern Orthodox patriarch original name  Dimitrios Archontonis   born 1940, Imbros [now Gökçeada],… …   Universalium

  • Bartholomew —    Son of Tolmai, one of the twelve apostles (Matt. 10:3; Acts 1:13); generally supposed to have been the same as Nathanael. In the synoptic gospels Philip and Bartholomew are always mentioned together, while Nathanael is never mentioned; in the… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.