Barclay, John


Barclay, John
Barclay, John
Author of the political novel 'Argenis' and other Latin works in prose and verse (1582-1621)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Barclay, John
    John Barclay
     Catholic_Encyclopedia John Barclay
    Author of the political novel "Argenis" and other Latin works in prose and verse, was b. 28 January, 1582, at Pont-à-Mousson; d. in Rome, August, 1621. His father was William Barclay. John Barclay received his early schooling from the Jesuits, and at the age of nineteen he published a commentary on the "Thebais" of Statius. In 1603 father and son, perhaps attracted by the union of the Scotch and English crowns, tried their fortunes in London. The son dedicated to James his "Euphormionis Lusinini Satyricon". After a brief stay in France, John returned to England in 1605.
    He married a brilliant and clever Frenchwoman, and was again in London in 1606. He published, in Paris, 1607, the second part of his "Satyricon" and about the same time his poems, under the title "Sylvae", and a narrative of the Gunpowder Plot (English translation, Oxford, 1634). His publication in 1609 of his father's work, "De Potestate Papae", which denied the temporal jurisdiction of the pope over princes, and his declaration therewith that he would defend his father's memory, led to a prolonged controversy, in which his known opponents were Bellarmine and a Jesuit, Andreas Eudaemon Joannes. A further series of polemics was occasioned by his "Apology" (1611) for the "Satyricon", in which he attacked the Jesuits and his father's former patron, the Duke of Lorraine. In his "Icon Animorum", a fourth part of the Satyricon" (London, 1614), he described the character and manners of the European nations, mentioning Scotland with special affection. In 1615 a volume of his poems appeared in London.
    In England Barclay received occasional help from the king and the Earl of Salisbury, and won the friendship of Isaac Casaubon, Ralph Thorie, and especially, in 1606, of du Peiresc, an attache of the French Embassy and a patron of learning. In 1616 Barclay, at the invitation of Paul V, went to Rome, where he was welcomed by Bellarmine and pensioned by the pope. Perhaps to prove his Catholic loyalty he published in 1617 his "Paraenesis ad Sectarios". Completing in July, 1621, his Latin novel "Argenis", he died in the following month. The facts as to the removal of his monument and inscription from St. Onofrio have been perhaps permanently obscured by partisan dispute. His friend Ralph Thorie published an elegy in 1621. Barclay was admired by his contemporaries for his honesty, his rare courtesy, and a conversational charm that owed something to grave irony. His varied learning and talents made him a formidable opponent.
    The most important of Barclay's writings, the "Argenis", published by du Peiresc at Paris, 1621, has been admired by Richelieu, Leibnitz, Jonson, Grotius, Pope, Cowper, Disraeli, and Coleridge. This work is a long romance which introduces the leading personages of international importance. To it were indebted, in whole or in part, Fenelon's "Telemaque", du Ryer's tragi-comedy "Argenis et Poliarque", Calderon's "Argenis y Poliarco", an Italian play "Argenide", by de Cruylles, and a German play by Christian Weysen, 1684. The "Argenis" was soon translated into French, Spanish, and German. English translations appeared as follows: by Kingsmill Long, London, 1626; by Sir Robert Le Grys and Thomas May, London, 1629, and in 1772, under the title of "The Phoenix", by Clara Reeve. Ben Jonson in 1623 entered a translation at Stationers' Hall. There have been translations into Italian, Dutch, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Swedish, and Icelandic. An English translation, by Thomas May of the fourth part of the "Satyricon", under the title, "The Mirror for Minds", was printed in London, 1633.
    Portraits of Barclay may be found in the first edition of the "Argenis", in the volume of 1629 of Le Grys and May, and in the later work of Collignon.
    Garnett in Dict. Nat. Biog., s. v.; Gillow, Dict. Engl. Cath., s. v.; Hailes, Life of John Barclay (Edinburgh, 1786); Barclay, poems in Delitiae Poetarum Scotorum; Boucher, Latin Dissertation on Argenis (Paris, 1874); Dupond, L'Argenis de Jean Barclay (Paris, 1875); Dukas, Bibliographie du Satyricon de J. B. (Paris, 1880); Collignon, Notes Hist., Litt., et Bibliographiques sur l'Argenis de J. B. (Paris, 1902); Schmid, Barclay's Argenis — with bibliography and key (Munich, 1903).
    J.V. CROWNE
    Transcribed by Susan Birkenseer

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barclay, John — ▪ Scottish writer born Jan. 28, 1582, Pont à Mousson, near Nancy, Fr. died Aug. 15, 1621, Rome [Italy]  Scottish satirist and Latin poet whose Argenis (1621), a long poem of romantic adventure, had great influence on the development of the… …   Universalium

  • Barclay, John — (1734–98)    Denomination Founder.    Barclay was born in Perthshire, Scotland and was educated at St Andrew’s University. As a preacher, he served congregations in Errol and Fettercairn. In 1766 he was censured for his Rejoice Evermore or Christ …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • BARCLAY, JOHN —    1) born in France, educated by the Jesuits, a stanch Catholic; wrote the Argenis, a Latin romance, much thought of by Cowper, translated more than once into English (1582 1621).    2) leader of the sect of the Bereans (1734 1798).    3) the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Barclay, John — (1582 1621)    Satirist, s. of a Scotsman, who was Professor of Law at Pont à Mousson, Lorraine, came with his f. to England about 1603. He wrote several works in English and Latin, among which are Euphormionis Satyricon, against the Jesuits, and …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Barclay — may refer to:*John Barclay (poet) (1582 ndash;1621), a Scottish satirist and Latin poet *John Barclay (divine) (1734 ndash;1798), a Scottish theological writer *John Barclay (clergyman) (1795 1826), Canadian Church of Scotland clergyman *John… …   Wikipedia

  • John Barclay —     John Barclay     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Barclay     Author of the political novel Argenis and other Latin works in prose and verse, was b. 28 January, 1582, at Pont à Mousson; d. in Rome, August, 1621. His father was William Barclay.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John Barclay (anatomist) — John Barclay FRCS (1758, Perthshire 1826) was an eminent Scottish comparative anatomist, extra mural teacher in anatomy, and director of the Highland Society of Scotland. The nephew of John Barclay, who established the Berean Church, Barclay… …   Wikipedia

  • John Barclay — (* 28. Januar 1582 in Pont à Mousson; † 21. August 1621 in Rom ) war ein schottischer Dichter und Satiriker, der in lateinischer Sprache schrieb. Der Sohn des schottischen Rechtsgelehrten William Barclay …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Barclay — (28 de enero de 1582 15 de agosto de 1621) fue un satirista escocés y un poeta latino. Biografía Nació en Pont à Mousson, Lo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Barclay [2] — Barclay, John, schott. Abkunft, geb. 1582. gest. 1621, lateinischer geistreicher Dichter und Satyriker; gegen die Jesuiten: »Euphormionis Satyricon«, »conspiratio Anglicana« (die Pulververschwörung), »Argenis« (Roman, in welchem der franz. Hof… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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