Episcopal Oeconomus
Episcopal Oeconomus
    Episcopal Êconomus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Episcopal Êconomus
    (Gr. oikonomos from oikos, a house, and nemein, to distribute, to administer)
    An Episcopal Œconomous is one who is charged with the care of a house, an administrator. In canon law this term designates the individual who is appointed to take charge of the temporal goods of the Church in a diocese; it is used also of the person in charge of the property of a monastery. This office originated in the Eastern Church and dates back to the fourth century: a law of Honorius and Arcadius in 398 speaks of it as if it were then widespread (Cod. Theodos., IX, tit. 45, lex. 3). The Council of Chalcedon (451) ordered an œconomus to be appointed in every diocese; to take charge of ecclesiastical property under episcopal authority (canon xxvi in Mansi, VII, 367). They were established in the Eastern Church and have continued down to the present day in the schismatical Greek Church (Silbernagi, "Verfassung und gegenwärtiger Bestand sämtlicher Kirchen des Orients", 2nd ed., Ratisbon, 1904, 37). The increase of church property after the Edict of Milan (313) and the multiplication of episcopal duties rendered this office very useful. In the West, we meet with the œconomus in Spain (Council of Seville, 619, can. ix), in Sardinia, and perhaps in Sicily, at the end of the sixth century (Jaffé-Wattenbach, "Regesta Pontificum Romanorum", Leipzig, 1881, I, nn. 1282, 1915). But as a general rule the Western bishops contented themselves with the aid of a confidential assistant, a vicedominus, who looked after the temporalities and ranked next to the bishop. The establishment of a domain in connexion with each church made the task of administering the ecclesiastical property much lighter. The office of vicedominus was modified by the influence of the feudal system, and by the fact that the bishops became temporal sovereigns. The Council of Trent ordered the chapters of cathedral churches to establish, in addition to a capitulary vicar, one or more œconomi to administer the temporal property of the diocese during an episcopal vacancy (Sess. XXIV, De Reformatione, c. xvi). At the present time, the bishop is not obliged to appoint an œconomus, though he is not hindered from so doing. The Second Plenary Council of Baltimore (c. lxxv) advises bishops to select one from among the ecclesiastics or even the laity, who is skilled in the civil law of the country.
    LOENING, Gesch. des deutdchen Kirchenrechts (Strasburg, 1878), I, 235; II, 342; STUTZ, Gesch. des kirchl. Benefizialwesens, I (Berlin, 1895), 9 sq.; SENN, L'institution des Vidamies en France (Paris, 1907); LESNE, Hist. de la propriété ecclés. en France, I. Epoque Romaine et Mérovingienne (Paris, 1910).
    A. VAN HOVE.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • oeconomus — noun a) A married priest (chiefly Orthodox Christian and Uniate usage), as opposed to a hieromonk. b) ) A priest or other person who serves as the bursar or finance officer of a diocese or religious institution (chiefly Roman Catholic usage), an… …   Wiktionary

  • Oeconomus — Oeconomus, œconomus or oikonomos (Greek οἰκονόμος, from oiko house and nomos rule, law ) was an Ancient Greek word meaning manager or housekeeper . In Byzantine times the term was used as a title of a manager or treasurer of an organisation. An… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Pasig — Diocese of Pasig Dioecesis Pasiginae Diyosesis ng Pasig Location …   Wikipedia

  • St. John Chrysostom —     St. John Chrysostom     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. John Chrysostom     (Chrysostomos, golden mouthed so called on account of his eloquence).     Doctor of the Church, born at Antioch, c. 347; died at Commana in Pontus, 14 September, 407.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Quiapo Church — Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene (St. John, the Baptist Parish) Basic information Location Quiapo, Manila, Philippines Affiliation Roma …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Davao — Infobox Roman Catholic diocese Roman Catholic Diocese of=Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Davao Latin name of diocese=Dioecesis Davaensis caption=Seal of the Archdiocese of Davao location=Davao City, Philippines territory=Davao, Island Garden City… …   Wikipedia

  • Archdeacon — • The incumbent of an ecclesiastical office dating back to antiquity and up to the fifteenth century of great importance in diocesan administration, particularly in the West Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Archdeacon     Archd …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Archbishop of Armagh — St Patrick s Church of Ireland Cathedral, Armagh, the episcopal seat of the pre Reformation and Church of Ireland archbishops …   Wikipedia

  • Charity and Charities — • In its widest and highest sense, charity includes love of God as well as love of man Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Charity and Charities     Charity and Charities …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Deacons — • The name means only minister or servant, and is employed in this sense both in the Septuagint (though only in the book of Esther, and in the New Testament Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Deacons      …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”