Caius and Soter, Saints and Popes


Caius and Soter, Saints and Popes
Caius and Soter, Saints and Popes
    Caius and Soter, Saints and Popes
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Caius and Soter, Saints and Popes
    They have their feast together on 22 April, on which day they appear in most of the martyrologies, though Notker and a few others give Soter on the 21st and Caius on the 19th or 21st.
    Soter was pope for eight years, c. 167 to 175 (Harnack prefers 166-174). We possess a fragment of an interesting letter addressed to him by St. Dionysius of Corinth, who writes: "From the beginning it has been your custom to do good to all the brethren in many ways, and to send alms to many churches in every city, refreshing the poverty of those who sent requests, or giving aid to the brethren in the mines, by the alms which you have had the habit of giving from old, Romans keeping up the traditional custom of the Romans; which your blessed Bishop Soter has not only preserved, but has even increased, by providing the abundance which he has sent to the saints, and by further consoling with blessed words with brethren who came to him, as a loving father his children." "Today, therefore, we have kept the holy Lord's day, on which we have read your letter, which we shall always have to read and be admonished, even as the former letter which was written to us by the ministry of Clement." (Euseb., Hist. Eccl., IV, xxiv.) The letter which Soter had written in the name of his church is lost, though Harnack and others have attempted to identify it with the so-called "Second Epistle of Clement" (see CLEMENT OF ROME). The reverence for the pope's paternal letter is to be noticed. The traditional generosity of the Roman Church is again referred to by St. Dionysius of Alexandria to Pope Dionysius in the middle of the third century, and Eusebius says it still continued in his time. Nothing further is known of this pope.
    Caius was pope for twelve years, four months, and seven days, from 17 December, 283, to 22 April, 296, according to the Liberian catalogue (Harnack, Chronol., I, 155, after Lipsius and Lightfoot); Eusebius is wrong in giving him fifteen years. He is mentioned in the fourth-century "Depositio Episcoporum" (therefore not as a martyr): X kl maii Caii in Callisti. He was buried in the chapel of the popes in that cemetary. Nothing whatever is known of his life. He lived in the time of peace before the last great persecution.
    Soter is said by the fifth-century writer known as PRÆDESTINATUS (c. xxvi) to have written a book against the Montanists; he adds that Tertullian wrote against Pope Soter and Apollonius. As we know (JEROME, De Vir. ill., xl) that Tertullian wrote against Apollonius in his lost De Ecstasi, this may be true; see HARNACK, Gesch. der altchristlich. Lit., I, 589; ZAHN, Forschungen (1893), V, 49. On Caius in later Acts of Saints see TILLEMONT, IV; Acta SS., 14 April; BECILLUS, Acta S. Caii P. et M. (Rome, 1628). The false decretals attributed to these two popes will be found in the collections of councils, in COUSTANT, MIGNE, HINSCHIUS, etc. On a lette attributed to Caius by the Malabar Christians, see ROUTH, Reliq. Sacrae, II, 158, and HARNACK, op. cit., 777.
    JOHN CHAPMAN
    Transcribed by Matthew Reak

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caius and Soter, Saints — • Popes, having their feast together on 22 April Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Soter and Caius, Saints — • Popes, having their feast together on 22 April Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Soter — Infobox Pope English name=Saint Soter birth name=Soter term start=166 term end=174 predecessor=Anicetus successor=Eleuterus birth name=??? birth date=??? birthplace=Fondi, Campania, Italy dead=dead|death date=174 (?) deathplace=Rome, Italy|… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Caius — Infobox Pope English name=Saint Caius the albanian pope Caius birth name=Caius or Gaius term start=December 17, 283 term end=April 22, 296 predecessor=Eutychian successor=Marcellinus birth date=??? birthplace=??? dead=dead|death date=April 22,… …   Wikipedia

  • Catacomb of Callixtus — Coordinates: 41°51′19″N 12°30′53″E / 41.85537°N 12.51480°E / 41.85537; 12.51480 …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Adeodatus I — Adeodatus I Papacy began November 13, 615 Papacy ended November 8, 618 Predecessor Boniface IV Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Nicholas I — Saint Nicholas I Papacy began April 24, 858 Papacy ended November 13, 867 Predecessor Benedict III Successor Adrian II Personal …   Wikipedia

  • Список римских пап и антипап — Список римских пап, похороненных в Соборе Святого Петра. Мраморная плита при входе в сакристию в Соборе Святого Петра …   Википедия

  • Saint Peter — For other uses, see St. Peter (disambiguation). Saint Peter the Apostle Painting of Saint Peter by Peter Paul Rubens depicting the saint as Pope (1611 1612). Prince of the Apostles, First Pope, Martyr, Preacher …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John Paul II — John Paul II John Paul II in 1993 Papacy began 16 October 1978 Papacy ended 2 April 2005 ( 1000000000000002600000026 years, 1000000 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.