Arnaldus Villanovanus
Arnaldus Villanovanus
    Arnaldus Villanovanus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Arnaldus Villanovanus
    Celebrated in his day as a physician, pharmacist, and alchemist, b. between 1235 and 1240; d. at sea near Genoa, 1312 or 1313. Like much else connected with this very unusual man, most of the details of his life are obscure. The latinized form of his native town is Villanova; there were not a few towns of this name at that period in Spain, France, and Italy. Some identify it with Villanueva in Catalonia, Diocese of Valencia, others with Villeneuve-Loubet in the arrondissement of Grasse, France. He died while on his way to visit the sick pontiff, Clement V. Well versed in the classical languages, Hebrew, and Arabic, he also understood all that was then known of the natural sciences, especially medicine and pharmacology. At Barcelona he had John Casamila as teacher, thought highly of Galen, and among the Arabs cared only for Rhazes. He taught medicine, botany, and alchemy at Barcelona, Montpellier, and Paris. His life was a wandering one; besides the cities just mentioned, he lived for considerable periods of time at Lyons, Avignon, Rome, Florence, Bologna, Naples, and Palermo. He was considered superior to all other physicians and alchemists, so that he was frequently summoned by popes and princes. Thus he was at times at the papal Court during the reigns of Innocent V, Boniface VIII, Benedict XI, and Clement V. He was also the personal physician of Pedro III and James II of Aragon, Robert of Naples, and Frederick II of Sicily. He was repeatedly obliged to go from place to place because the Inquisition in Spain and Paris sentenced him to banishment on account of his fantastic writing, which were at times heretical. Owing to the large number of writings still extant bearing his name, some evidently spurious, others doubtful, it is not easy to judge Villanovanus. His reputation in alchemy was excelled only by that of Raymond Lully, who was regarded as his pupil. Modern criticism has assigned to an earlier age many chemical discoveries that were formerly ascribed to Villanovanus, as acids, alcohol, distillation etc. Yet a number of his works were very important in placing medicine and pharmacology on a scientific basis; besides an independent judgment they show ripe experience and great humanity. Although a layman he wrote much on theology. His alchemistic and astrological bent led him into erroneous opinions regarding the Church, the Mass, Antichrist, the end of the world, and the person of Christ. The first complete edition of his works was issued at Lyons in 1504, reissued at the same place in 1520 and 1532 (folio). The most complete edition is that of Taurellus (Basle, 1585), with a biography of Arnaldus. For the individual works see, in particular, Haser, op. cit. in bibliography below. Several of them were repeatedly reprinted before 1500.
    HOEFER, Histoire de la chimie (Paris, 1842); HASER, Geschichte der Medicin (Jena, 1875); VON MEYER, Geschichte der Chemie (Leipzig, 1905); HERGENROTHER-KIRSCH, Handbuch der allgemeinen Kirchengeschichte (2 vols., Freiburg, 1904).
    Transcribed by Thomas M. Barrett Dedicated to Lawrence Stephens, Ph.D.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arnaldus de Villanova — Arnaldus de Villanova, auch Arnald, Arnold oder Arnoldo von Villanova (dt.), Arnau de Vilanova (katalanisch), Arnoldus de Villa Nova, Arnaud de Villeneuve (frz.), Arnaldo da Villanova (ital.), Arnaoult de Ville Neuve (* um 1235 bei Valencia,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arnaldus de Villa Nova — (also called Arnaldus de Villanueva, Arnaldus Villanovanus, Arnaud de Ville Neuve or Arnau de Vilanova), ( 1235 Valencia–1311 Genoa), alchemist, astrologer and physician, appears to have been of Catalan origin, and to have studied chemistry,… …   Wikipedia

  • Villanovanus, Arnaldus — • Physician and alchemist (1235 1312) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Arnau de Vilanova — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Arnau de Villanova Arnau de Vilanova (en valenciano), denominado también Arnaldo de Vilanova o de Villanueva en castellano, Arnaldus de Villa Nova o Arnaldus Villanovanus en latín y Arnaoult de Ville Neuve en francés …   Wikipedia Español

  • Арнольд из Виллановы — Арнольд из Виллановы. Арнольд из Виллановы (также Арнальдус из Виллановы, Арнальдус де Вильянова, Арнау де Виланова; лат. Arnaldus Villanovanus, исп. Arnaldus de Villanueva, кат. Arnau de Vilanova; ок. 1235 1240, Валенсия  …   Википедия

  • АРНОЛЬД ИЗ ВИЛЛАНОВЫ — [лат. Arnoldus, Arnaldus Villanovanus, франц. Arnauld de Villeneuve] (ок. 1240, Вильянуэва, Валенсия, Испания, или Вильнёв, Прованс, Франция 6.10.1311, Генуя), богослов спиритуал, медик. Род. в бедной семье, начальное образование получил в… …   Православная энциклопедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”