Antonio Stradivari


Antonio Stradivari
Antonio Stradivari
    Antonio Stradivari
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Antonio Stradivari
    The famous Cremonese violin-maker, b. in 1649 or 1650; d. at Cremona, 18 or 19 Dec., 1737. He was the son of Alessandro Stradivari and Anna Moroni. As there is no evidence of his birth and baptism in any of the parish registers of Cremona, it is supposed that he was born in some village near that town. In 1667 he began to make stringed instruments. Some violins, dated in the seventies, and signed by him, are supposed to exist, but evidences of Stradivari's workmanship are to be found in many violins of this date which are signed by Nicholas Amati. It is probable that during the years 1667-79 he worked as a pupil in Amati's workshop.
    In 1680 Stradivari set up for himself in the Piazza San Domenico, and his fame as a violin-maker was soon established. He now began to show his originality, and to make alterations in Amati's model. The arching was improved, the various degrees of thickness in the wood were more exactly determined, the formation of the scroll altered, and the varnish more highly coloured. From 1698 to 1725 Stradivari produced his finest instruments and carried his manufacture to the highest possible finish, the outlines are designed with taste and purity, the wood is rich and carefully selected, the arching falls off in gentle and regular curves, the scroll is carved with great perfection, and the varnish is fine and supple. The interior workmanship is no less perfect, the degrees of thickness are carefully adjusted, and are remarkable for a precision which could only have been attained by much study and experiment. Everything has been foreseen, calculated, and determined with certainty. The instruments produced from 1725-30 are not so fine. After 1730 many are signed "sub disciplina Stradivarii," and were probably made by his sons, Omobono and Francesco.
    Stradivari fixed the exact shape and position of the sound-holes, and his model has been copied by most makers since his time. He definitively settled the shape and details of the bridge, which cannot be altered in the slightest degree without in some way injuring the tone of the instrument. The only essential part of the violin which has had to be changed since Stradivari's time is the bass-bar. On account of the gradual rise in pitch the increased pressure of the strings demands an increased power of resistance in the bar underneath the bridge, hence it has been found necessary to re-bar all the old violins and violoncellos. Stradivari was buried in the Basilica of San Domenico.
    GROVE, Dictionary of Music and Musicians (London, 1898), III; FETIS, Notice of Anthony Stradivari, tr. BISHOP (London, 1864).
    ELIZABETH LORKIN
    Transcribed by John Fobian In memory of Donald R. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Antonio Stradivari — Antonio Giacomo Stradivari (auch latinisiert Antonius Stradivarius, * um 1644 oder, laut neueren Forschungen, 1648, der Geburtsort ist unbekannt; † 18. Dezember 1737 in Cremona) war ein italienischer Geigenbaumeister …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antonio Stradivari — (1644 ndash; December 18, 1737) was an Italian luthier , a crafter of stringed instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars and harps. Stradivari is generally considered the most significant artisan in this field. The Latinized form of his… …   Wikipedia

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  • Antonio Stradivari — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Antonio Stradivari examinando un instrumento, en una impresión romántica del Siglo XIX. Antonio Stradivari (Antonius Stradivarius) (1644 † 18 de diciembre de 1737) fue el más prominente luthier …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antonio Stradivari — noun Italian violin maker who developed the modern violin and created violins of unequaled tonal quality (1644? 1737) • Syn: ↑Stradivari, ↑Stradivarius, ↑Antonius Stradivarius • Instance Hypernyms: ↑violin maker …   Useful english dictionary

  • Antonio Stradivari — n. (1644 1737, also called Antonius Stradivarius), Italian violin maker famous for the design of stringed instruments that he perfected together with his sons, maker of Stradivarius stringed instruments …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Antonio Stradivarius — Antonio Stradivari Antonio Giacomo Stradivari (auch latinisiert Antonius Stradivarius, * um 1644 oder, laut neuerer Forschungen, 1648, der Geburtsort ist unbekannt; † 18. Dezember 1737 in Cremona) war ein italienischer Geigenbaumeister …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stradivari — Antonio Stradivari Antonio Giacomo Stradivari (auch latinisiert Antonius Stradivarius, * um 1644 oder, laut neuerer Forschungen, 1648, der Geburtsort ist unbekannt; † 18. Dezember 1737 in Cremona) war ein italienischer Geigenbaumeister …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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