Angelo Mai


Angelo Mai
Angelo Mai
    Angelo Mai
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Angelo Mai
    Roman cardinal and celebrated philologist, b. at Schilpario, in the Diocese of Bergamo, 7 March 1782; d. at Albano, 9 September 1854. At an early age he entered the Society of Jesus (he was a novice in 1779 [sic; 1799?]), was sent to the residence in Naples (1804) and was also stationed at Orviet and Rome. However, on account of his proficiency in palæography he was appointed in 1811 to a position in the Ambrosian Library, Milan. This led to his initial discoveries: Cicero's orations: "Pro Scau ro", "Pro Tullio", "Pro Flacco", "In Clodium", and "In Curionem" (1814); the correspondence of Fronto, Marcus Aurellius, and Verus (1815); the speech of Isæus, "De hæreditate Cleonymi" (1915); a fragment of the "Vidularia" of Plautus, and commentaries on Terrence (1816); Philo, "De Virtute"; a discourse of Themistius; a fragment of Dionysius of Halicarnassus (1816); a Gothic version of St. Paul; the "Itinerarium Alexandri"; a biography of Alexander by Julius Valerius (1817); and an Armenian version of the"Chronicle" of Eusebiuis (1818). So many new texts, almost all of which were found in palimpsests, not to mention some editions of already known texts, drew worldwide attention to Mai. In 1819, his superiors decided that he could render greater service in the ranks of the secular clergy; he therefore left the Society and was called by the pope to the Vatican Library. He then worked with increased zest in a richer field. His most brilliant find at this time was the "Republic" of Cicero (1822). To insure the regular publication of his discoveries, he began a regular series of Anecdota: "Scriptorum veterum nova collectio" (10 vols., 1825-38); "Classici auctores" (10 vols., 1825-38); "Spicilegium Romanum" (10 vols., 1839-44); "Novum Patrum bibliotheca" (7 vols. 1852-54), published by Mai himself. The profane authors who profited by Mai's labours are: Diodorus of Sicily; Polybius; Oribasus; Procopius; Cicero (especially the Verrine orations), and the Roman jurisconsults. Important discoveries were likewise made with regard to the works of the Fathers: Saints Augustine, Hilary, Cyprian, Jerome, Ambrose, Athanasius, Cyril, Basil, and Origen, Irenæus, Eusebius of Cæsarea, etc. To these ancient writers must be added the Italian Humanists, the Latin poets of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, Poliziano, Sannazaro, Bembo, Sadoleto, and others, whose works he printed for the first time in the "Spicilegium Romanum". He gave to the world unpublished pages of more than 350 authors. Finally, he did not overlook the Bible. After long delays, inspired by timidity, he was at last authorized to make known one of the most important Greek MS. of the Bible (Vetus et Noum Testamentum ex antiquissimo codice Vaticano, 1858). It has been stated that the gall nut used by Mai to revive the writings of the palimpsests half destroyed them. The truth is that all reagents injure parchments. Soon little will remain of the palimpsest of Plautus in the Ambrosian Library. But the work of Studemund, Mai's successor, will insure its perpetuity. Mai's brilliant discoveries won him the homage and affection of many. He was an intimate friend of Leopardi, the poet of New Italy, a friendship equally honourable to both. Mai was blamed for his great unwillingness to allow the learned to share in the treasures he guarded so jealously. He wished to enjoy them all alone. In 1838, the pope named him Cardinal; but he continued his researches, and his publications were interrupted only by his death.
    SOMMERVOGEL, Bibliothèque de la compagnie de Jésus, V, 323, till 1819; BONNETTY, Table alphabétique analytique et raisonnés de tous le auteurs sacrés et profanes qui ont été découverts et édités récemment dans les 43 vol. publiés par le cardinal Mai (Paris, 1850); POLLETO, PHINA, and others, Nel primo centario del cardinali Angelo Mai, atti della solenne Accademia tenustasi in suo onore il 7 Marzo 1882 (Bergamo, 1882); POLLETTO, Del cardinale Angelo Mai e de' suoi studi e scoperte (Sienna, 1886); CHATELAIN, Les palimpsestes latins in Annuaire de L'Ecole pratique des hautes études (1904), 5.
    PAUL LEJAY

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Angelo Maï — Angelo Mai Cardinal Angelo Mai de l Église catholique romaine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Angelo Mai — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Angelo Mai Angelo Mai (*7 de marzo de 1782 †8 de septiembre de 1854), religioso y filólogo italiano. Angelo Mai obtuvo su reputación como lingüista al publicar por primera vez una serie de textos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Angelo Mai — Biographie Naissance 7 mars 1782 à Schilpario (Italie) Ordination sacerdotale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Angelo Mai — Kardinal Angelo Mai Angelo Mai Angelo Mai (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Angelo Mai — Styles of Angelo Mai Reference style His Eminence Spoken style Your Eminence …   Wikipedia

  • Angelo — ist ein männlicher Vorname, D’Angelo ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familienname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MAI — Das Wort Mai bezeichnet den Monat Mai MAI Systems, einen Computerhersteller Mai ist der Name folgender Personen: Angelo Mai (1782–1854), italienischer Kardinal Franz Mai (1911–1999), Gründungsintendant des Saarländischen Rundfunks Gerhard Mai (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mai — El termino Mai puede referirse a: Moscovski Aviatzionni Institut o (MAI), universidad rusa situada en Moscú dedicada al estudio de todo lo referente a la industria aeroespacial. Mai Mai, utilizado para referirse a los distintos grupos de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mai (Begriffsklärung) — Das Wort Mai bezeichnet den Monat Mai MAI Systems, einen Computerhersteller Mai ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Mai Kuraki (* 1982), japanische Sängerin Mai Nakahara (* 1981), japanische Synchronsprecherin Mai Tagami (* 1980), japanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Angelo Sodano — Angelo Kardinal Sodano Wappen von Angelo Kardinal Sodano …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.