Alejandro Herculano de Carvalho e Araujo
Alejandro Herculano de Carvalho e Araujo
    Alejandro Herculano de Carvalho e Araujo
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Alejandro Herculano de Carvalho e Araujo
    Born at Lisbon, 28 March, 1810; died near Santarem, 13 Sept., 1877. Because of his liberal principles, he was forced to flee from his native land during the despotic times of Dom Miguel, and therefore he was in Paris in 1828, and during 1830 and 1831 in England. When he returned home, in 1832, he was already imbued with the doctrines of romanticism which Almeida Garrett preached so loudly in Portugal, and which he had seen exemplified in the literatures of England and France. Prominent already as a liberal in politics, he now attracted attention by his poetical work, such as the "Voz do Propheta" (1836), which reflects the influence of Lamennais' "Paroles d'un croyant", and dealt in rhythmical prose with the future of Portugal in the "Harpa do Crente" (Lisbon, 1838), which also testified to the robustness of his Catholic Faith. He entered into journalism also with the periodical "O Panorama" (1837), which he himself founded and conducted. As a romanticist, he now started upon his career as an historical novelist, with his "Monasticon", of which the first part, "Eurico o Presbytero", appeared in 1844, and the sequel, "O Monge de Cister", in 1848. With these stories, of which the second has its scene laid in the reign of John I of Portugal, he really naturalized the historical novel in Portuguese. He continued the tradition with his story "O Bobo", which turns upon events in Portuguese history of the early twelfth century, and in his "Lendas e Narrativas" (1851). In this latter he gave modern form to some old legends, such as "A dama Pê-de-Cabra", "O bispo negro", "O morte do Lidador", etc. To the period from 1846 to 1853 belongs his "Historia de Portugal" (4 vols.), which stops short with events of the end of the thirteenth century. Before retiring to his place near Santarem, he produced still other historical works, especially "Da origem e estabelecimento da inquisição em Portugal" (2 vols., Lisbon, 1854-55); afterwards he wrote the essays and treatises contained in collected form in his "Opusculos" (6 vols., 1873-84). To his patience as an historical investigator he bears testimony with the collection of documents drawn from the national archives, which he, as a member of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences, published (Portugalliæ Monumenta Historica).
    DE SERPA PIMENTEL, Herculano e o seu tempo (Lisbon, 1881); VON DÖLLINGER, Gedächtnisrede auf A. Herculano in his Akademische Vorträge; ROMERO ORTIZ, La literatura portuguesa en el siglo XIX (Madrid, 1870); DE VASCONCELLOS, Portugiesische Litteratur in GROEBER, Grundriss der romanischen Philologie, vol. II, pt. II, pp. 372 sqq.
    J.D.M. FORD
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Herculano de Carvalho e Araujo, Alejandro — • Born at Lisbon, 28 March, 1810; died near Santarem, 13 Sept., 1877 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Herculano de Carvalho y Araujo — Herculano de Carvalho y Araujo, Alejandro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Herculano de Carvalho y Araujo, Alejandro — ► (1810 77) Escritor portugués, una de las figuras más interesantes del romanticismo lusitano. En 1837 tomó la dirección de Panorama, donde aparecieron algunas de sus obras. Poeta de lírica esencialmente religiosa, cultivó la novela histórica a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alejandro Herculano — Retrato de Alejandro Herculano. Alexandre Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, (Lisboa; el 28 de marzo de 1810 Santarém; 13 de septiembre de 1877), fue un escritor e historiador portugués. Es considerado uno de los más importantes escritores …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alejandro Herculano — Alexandre Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo (1810 1877), más conocido como Alejandro Herculano, escritor romántico portugués. Es uno de los grandes escritores de la generación romántica, desarrollando temas de la incompatibilidad del hombre con el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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