Abbey of Rievaulx
Abbey of Rievaulx
    Abbey of Rievaulx
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Abbey of Rievaulx
    Thurston, Archbishop of York, was very anxious to have a monastery of the newly founded and fervent order of Cistercians in his diocese; and so, at his invitation, St. Bernard of Clairvaux sent a colony of his monks, under the leadership of Abbot William, to make the desired foundation. After some delay Walter Espec became their founder and chief benefactor, presenting them with a suitable estate, situated in a wild and lonely spot, in the valley of the rivulet Rie (from whence the abbey derived its name), and surrounded by precipitous hills, in Blakemore, near Helmesley. The community took possession of the ground in 1131, and began the foundation, the first of their order in Yorkshire. The church and abbey, as is the case with all monasteries of the order, were dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. At first their land being crude and uncultivated, they suffered much until, after a number of years, their first benefactor again came to their assistance and, later on, joined their community. Their land, also, through their incessant labours, eventually became productive, so that, with more adequate means of subsistence, they were able to devote their energies to the completion of church and monastic buildings, though these were finished only after a great lapse of time, on account of their isolation and the fact that the monastery was never wealthy. The constructions were carried on section by section, permanent edifices succeeding those that were temporary after long intervals. The final buildings, however, as attested by the magnificent, though melancholy, ruins yet remaining, were completed on a grand scale.
    Within a very few years after its foundation the community numbered three hundred members, and was by far the most celebrated monastery in England; many others sprang from it, the most important of them being Melrose, the first Cistecian monastery built in Scotland. Rievaulx early became a billiant centre of learning and holiness; chief amongst its lights shone St. Aelred, its third abbot (1147-67), who from his sweetness of character and depth of learning was called Bernardo prope par. He had been, before his entrance into the cloister, a most dear friend and companion of St. David, King of Scotland. History gives us but scant details of the later life at Rievaulx. At the time of its suppression and confiscation by Henry VIII the abbot, Rowland Blyton, with twenty-three religious composed its community. The estates of this ancient abbey are now in the possession of the Duncombe family.
    MANRIQUE, Annales Cistercienses (Lyons, 1642); MARTENE AND DURAND, Thesaurus novus anecdotorum, IV (Paris, 1717); HENRIQUEZ, Phoenix reviviscens (Brussels, 1626); DUGDALE, Monasticon Anglicanum, V (London, 1817-30); Cartularium abbatiae de Rievalle in Surtees' Soc. Publ. (London, 1889); St. Aelred, Abbot of Rievaulx (London, 1845); OXFORD, Ruins of Fountains Abbey (London, 1910); HODGES, Fountains Abbey (New York, 1904).
    Transcribed by Herman F. Holbrook For the Cistercians of Our Lady of Spring Bank, Wisconsin, on the 9th Centenary.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • abbey — noun /ˈæb.i/ a) A monastery or society of people, secluded from the world and devoted to religion and celibacy, which is headed by an abbot; also, the monastic building or buildings. From 1199 to 1203 William Punchard was the abbot of the abbey… …   Wiktionary

  • Rievaulx Terrace & Temples — is a site located in North Yorkshire, England overlooking Rievaulx Abbey and owned by the National Trust.The site is a grass covered terrace following a serpentine course across the side of a wooded escarpment overlooking the ruins of the Abbey.… …   Wikipedia

  • Rievaulx — (pronEng|ˈriːvoʊ ree voh)is a small village near Helmsley in North Yorkshire and is located in what was the inner court of Rievaulx Abbey, close to the River Rye. The inner court of the monastery contained buildings such as the brewhouse,… …   Wikipedia

  • Rievaulx Abbey —   [ riːvəʊ æbɪ], 1131 gegründete Zisterzienserabtei in der County North Yorkshire, Nordengland, deren um 1230 vollendete frühgotische Kirche nur als Ruine erhalten ist. 1750 60 wurde oberhalb der Abtei Rievaulx Terrace, ein umfassender… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rievaulx, Abbey of — • English monastery founded in 1131 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abbey of Clairvaux —     Abbey of Clairvaux     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Abbey of Clairvaux     The third daughter of Cîteaux and mother in the fourth line of numerous and celebrated monasteries, founded in 1115 by St. Bernard, in a deep valley upon the bank of the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abbey of Dundrennan —     Abbey of Dundrennan     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Abbey of Dundrennan     In Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland; a Cistercian house founded in 1142 by King David I and Fergus Lord of Galloway for monks brought from Rievaulx in Yorkshire. The name… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Rievaulx — ▪ abbey, North Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom       ruined Cistercian abbey, Ryedale district, administrative county of North Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, England. It lies in the seclusion of a deep valley to which it has given… …   Universalium

  • Rievaulx Abbey — Infobox monastery name= Rievaulx Abbey order= Cistercian founder= Walter l Espec and Thurstan, Archbishop of York established= 1132 mother=Clairvaux Abbey disestablished= 1538 diocese= Diocese of York churches= people= Ailred of Rievaulx location …   Wikipedia

  • Rievaulx Abbey — Zisterzienserabtei Rievaulx Ruine des Kirchenschiffs Lage Vereinigtes Konigreich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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