Abbey of Gottweig


Abbey of Gottweig
Abbey of Gottweig
    Abbey of Göttweig
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Abbey of Göttweig
    (GOTTWEIH, GOTTVICUM, GOTTVICENSE).
    A Benedictine abbey situated on a hill of the same name, not quite four miles south of Krems, in Lower Austria. It was founded as a monastery for Canons Regular by Blessed Altmann, Bishop of Passau. In 1072 the high altar of the church was dedicated, but the solemn dedication of the monastery did not take place until 1083. The charter of foundation, issued 9 September, 1083, is still preserved in the archives of the monastery. In 1094 the discipline of the Canons Regular at Göttweig had become so lax that Bishop Ulrich of Passau, with the permission of Pope Urban II, introduced the Rule of St. Benedict. Prior Hartmann of St. Blasien in the Schwartzwald was elected abbot. He took with him from St. Blasien a number of chosen monks, among whom were Bl. Wirnto and Bl. Berthold, who later became Abbots of Formbach and Garsten respectively. Under Hartmann (1094-1114). Göttweig became a famous abode of learning and strict monastic observance. He founded a monastic school, organized a library, and built at the foot of the hill, a nunnery where Ava, the earliest German poetess (d. 1127), lived as a recluse. The nunnery which was afterwards transferred to the top of the hill, continued to exist until 1557.
    The history of Göttweig, as might be expected, had its periods of decline as well as prosperity. During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries it declined so rapidly that from 1556 to 1564 it had no abbot, and in 1564 not a single monk was left at the monastery. At this crisis an imperial deputation arrived at Göttweig, and elected Michael Herrlich a conventual of Melk, as abbot. The new abbot (1564-1604) restored the monastery spiritually and financially, and rebuilt it after it had been almost entirely destroyed by fire in 1580. Other famous abbots were: George Falb (1612-1631) and David Corner (1631-1648), who successfully opposed the spread of Protestantism in the district; Gottfried Bessel (q.v. 1714-1749), who rebuilt the monastery on a grander scale after it had burnt down in 1718, and inaugurated an era of great intellectual activity; and Magus Klein (1768-1783), during whose rule Göttweig became a centre of learning. The chief employment of the Benedictines of Göttweig has always consisted in parish work. Its present Abbot, Adalbert Dungel (b. 1842, abbot since 29 Sept., 1886) is also president of the Austrian Benedictine Congregation of the Immaculate Conception. To Göttweig belong (Dec., 1908) 65 priests, 5 clerics, 1 novice, 4 lay brothers, 31 parishes administered by Benedictines, 3 administered by secular priests, and 7 succursal churches. It has a library of 100,000 books and 1100 manuscripts, and valuable collections of coins, engravings, antiquities, and natural history.
    MICHAEL OTT
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Göttweig Abbey — Göttweig Abbey, seen from Stein …   Wikipedia

  • Göttweig, Abbey of — • A Benedictine abbey situated on a hill of the same name, south of Krems, in Lower Austria Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Blasien Abbey in the Black Forest — Infobox Former Country native name = Reichskloster St Blasien im Schwarzwald conventional long name = Imperial Abbey of St Blaise in the Black Forest common name = Saint Blaise s Abbey| continent = Europe region = Central Europe country = Germany …   Wikipedia

  • Seitenstetten Abbey — (Stift Seitenstetten) is a Benedictine monastery in Seitenstetten in the Mostviertel region of Lower Austria.HistoryThe monastery was founded in 1112 by Udalschalk, or Udiskalk, a relative of Bishop Ulrich of Passau, to which he gave all his… …   Wikipedia

  • Mauer bei Melk — Mauer is a village in the municipality of Dunkelsteinerwald, in the Mostviertel in Lower Austria, Austria. Mauer bei Melk, Carved altar of 1509 Contents 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Золотые и серебряные монеты евро Австрии — Австрия Republik Österreich Код ISO ISO 3166 2:AT …   Википедия

  • The Benedictine Order —     The Benedictine Order     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order     The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Altmann of Passau — Altmann of Passau, often called Saint or Blessed Altmann (born about 1015; died 8 August 1091) was a founder of monasteries and Bishop of Passau. He is venerated as a saint, but not officially canonised.He was born between 1013 and 1020 in… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Klöster — Dies ist eine Liste von bestehenden und ehemaligen Klöstern, geordnet nach Ordensgemeinschaft und Land. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Listen von Klöstern 2 Katholisch 2.1 Antoniter 2.2 Augustiner Chorherren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste von Abteien — Dies ist eine Liste von bestehenden und ehemaligen Klöstern, geordnet nach Ordensgemeinschaft und Land. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Listen von Klöstern 2 Katholisch 2.1 Antoniter 2.2 Augustiner Chorherren …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.