Vincent of Beauvais
Vincent of Beauvais
Priest and encyclopedist (1190-1264)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Vincent of Beauvais
    Vincent of Beauvais
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Vincent of Beauvais
    Priest and encyclopedist. Little is known of his personal history. The years of his birth and death are uncertain, the dates frequently assigned being 1190 and 1264 respectively. It is thought that Vincent joined the Dominicans in Paris shortly after 1218; with the exception of visits to Louis IX at Royaumont, he spent all his religious life in the monastery at Beauvais. A man of industry, Vincent undertook a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all branches of human knowledge. In the preparation of this colossal work, he was helped in the purchase of books by his royal patron Louis IX. The general title of Vincent's work is "Speculum majus". The first part, "Speculum naturale", contains thirty-two books and 3718 chapters, and treats of theology, psychology, physiology, cosmography, physics, botany, zoology, mineralogy, agriculture. Book IX, chap. 40, contains an early reference to the use of the magnet for the purpose of navigation. The edition of the "Speculum naturale" in the Wheeler collection in the Library of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers (New York) was printed in Strasburg, probably in the year 1468. It is in two royal folio volumes containing 694 double column pages of 66 lines to the column. Like other incunabula, it was published without title-page, folio-number or printer's imprint. The second part, "Speculum doctrinale", in seventeen books and 2374 chapters, treats of logic, rhetoric, poetry, geometry, astronomy, instincts, passions, education, industrial and mechanical arts, anatomy, surgery, medicine, jurisprudence, and administration of justice. The third part, "Speculum historiale", in thirty-one books and 3793 chapters, brings the history of the world to A.D. 1250. A fourth part, "Speculum morale", appears in some additions, but its authenticity is questioned, Daunou (1761- 1840) affirming that it cannot be attributed to Vincent. The "Speculum majus" contains 80 books, divided into 9885 chapters, figures which give some idea of the magnitude of the work accomplished by the Dominican Friar in the first half of the thirteenth century. Other works of Vincent of Beauvais are: "De eruditione filiorum regalium"; "Tractatus consolatorius de morte amici", addressed to St. Louis on the death of one of his sons in 1260.
    BOURGEAT, Etudes sur Vincent de Beauvais (Paris, 1856); DAUNOU, Continuation de l'hist. litt. De France, XVIII; TOURON, Hist. des hommes illustres de l'ordre de saint Dominique; Revue des quest. hist. (Paris, 1875).
    BROTHER POTAMIAN
    Transcribed by Thomas M. Barrett Dedicated to the memory of Father Vincent of Beauvais

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Vincent de beauvais — Vincent de Beauvais (v. 1190 v. 1264) est un frère dominicain français, auteur, entre autres, d une célèbre encyclopédie constituant un panorama des connaissances du Moyen Âge …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vincent von Beauvais — (lat. Vincentius Bellovacensis), gelehrter Dominikaner in Beauvais, gest. um 1264, verfaßte auf Veranlassung Ludwigs IX., Königs von Frankreich, dessen Söhne er unterrichtete, unter dem Titel: »Speculum quadruplex (mains)« (Douai 1624, 4 Bde.)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vincent de Beauvais — (hacia 1190? 1267?) fue un fraile de la orden de los Dominicos célebre por haber escrito la enciclopedia Speculum Majus, muy usada en la Edad Media. Se ignora prácticamente todo sobre su vida, incluyendo las fechas exactas de su nacimiento y de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vincent de Beauvais — (Wängsang dö Bowä), lat. Vincentius Bellovacensis, ein franz. Dominikaner des 13. Jahrh., Freund und Hausgenosse Ludwigs IX., in dessen Auftrag er gelehrte Arbeiten unternahm, st. 1264. Sein Hauptwerk, Speculum, d.h. Spiegel, betitelt, ist eine… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Vincent de Beauvais — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beauvais (homonymie). Vincent de Beauvais Vincent de Beauvais (* Boran sur Oise vers 1184 / 1194 † …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vincent of Beauvais — The Dominican friar Vincent of Beauvais (Vincentius Bellovacensis) (c. 1190 ndash; 1264?) wrote the Speculum Maius , the main encyclopedia that was used in the Middle Ages. Early lifeThe exact dates of his birth and death are unknown and not much …   Wikipedia

  • Vincent de Beauvais — Vincentius Bellovacensis: Speculum maius (Straßburg: Johann Mentelin 1473, Teil 3: Speculum historiale Vinzenz von Beauvais (auch Vincent de Beauvais, latinisiert Vincentius Bellovacensis; * zwischen 1184 und 1194, † um 1264 in Beauvais),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vincent von Beauvais — Vincentius Bellovacensis: Speculum maius (Straßburg: Johann Mentelin 1473, Teil 3: Speculum historiale Vinzenz von Beauvais (auch Vincent de Beauvais, latinisiert Vincentius Bellovacensis; * zwischen 1184 und 1194, † um 1264 in Beauvais),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vincent de Beauvais — Fraile Vincent de Beauvais. Vincent de Beauvais (hacia 1190? 1264/1267?) fue un fraile de la orden de los Dominicos célebre por haber escrito la enciclopedia Speculum Majus, muy usada en la Edad Media. Se ignora prácticamente todo sobre su vida,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vincent of Beauvais — born 1190, Beauvais?, France died 1264, Paris French scholar and encyclopaedist. A Dominican priest (с 1220), he became lector and chaplain to the court of King Louis IX. By 1244 he had compiled Speculum majus ( Great Mirror ), an 80 book… …   Universalium

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