Victor IV


Victor IV
Victor IV
Cardinal Gregory Conti, elected in opposition to Innocent II

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Victor IV
    Victor IV
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Victor IV
    Two antipopes of this name.
    I. Cardinal Gregory Conti, elected in opposition to Innocent II in the middle of March, 1138, by the partisans of the Pierleoni family, as successor to Anacletus II. At the end of two months, however, Gregory submitted on 29 May to Innocent and renounced his office.
    II. Octavius, Cardinal of St. Cecilia, d. at Lucca, 20 April, 1164. He was elected 7 Sept., 1159, by a small minority of the Cardinals (four or five), the clergy of St. Peter's, and the Roman populace, while at the same time the majority of the college of cardinals elected the chancellor Rolando who assumed the title of Alexander III. Octavian belonged to one of the most powerful Roman families (Counts of Tusculum), had been Cardinal since 1138, and was very popular on account of his liberality, accessibility, and splendour of living. He was considered a great friend of the Germans, and rested his hopes on the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. Yet it is not to be assumed that the emperor had desired his election; Rolando was certainly not agreeable to him, yet neither was it to his interest to have an antipope. As a matter of fact the emperor was at first neutral and called upon the bishops not to take sides; the decision, the emperor said, should be reserved for the action of the Church. As the chief protector of the Church, therefore, he convoked a synod at Pavia (February, 1160). It decided, as was to be expected, for Victor, and pronounced an anathema upon Alexander, while Alexander on his side excommunicated the emperor. The attempt to secure Victor's recognition was never completely successful in Germany, where Bishop Eberhard of Salzburg was his principal opponent. France and England sided with Alexander; Spain, Hungary, Ireland, and Norway followed their example. King Louis VII of France wavered, indeed, once more in 1162, but the disastrous meeting with the emperor at Saint-Jean-de- Losne had as its result that the king held firmly to the obedience of Alexander. During the years 1162-65 Alexander lived in France, and from 1163 the pope exerted himself to gain more of Germany for his cause. All uncertainty came to and end at the death of Victor IV. His successor was Paschal III.
    JAFFE, Regesta pontificum Romanorum (2nd ed., Leipzig, 1885-1886), I, 919; II, 418-26; LANGEN, Geschichte der römischen Kirche von Gregor VII. bis Innocenz III. (Bonn, 1893), 439-76; HAUCK, Kirchengeschichte Deutschlands, IV (Leipzig, 1902), 156, 225-58; HERGENROTHER, Handbuch der allgemeinen Kirchengeschichte, ed. KIRSCH, II (4th ed., Freiburg, 1904), 454-57.
    KLEMENS LOFFLER
    Transcribed by Thomas M. Barrett Dedicated to the Poor Souls in Purgatory

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Víctor — Hugo Origen Latino Género Masculino …   Wikipedia Español

  • Víctor — (del lat. «victor», vencedor) m. e interj. Vítor. * * * víctor. (Del lat. victor, vencedor). interj. vítor. U. t. c. s. * * * Víctor, san ► Nombre de varios papas y antipapas. ► Víctor I, san (m. 199) Pontífice romano en 189 199. Combatió el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Víctor — Victor bezeichnet: Victor (Name), männlicher Vorname sowie ein Familienname Victor Talking Machine Company, US amerikanisches Schallplattenlabel Victor Klasse, NATO Bezeichnung für sowjetische Atom U Boote der Baureihe Projekt 671 Ёрш Victor II… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victor — bezeichnet: Victor (Name), männlicher Vorname sowie ein Familienname Victor Talking Machine Company, US amerikanisches Schallplattenlabel Victor Motors, britischer Hersteller von Cyclecars (1914–1915) Victor Motor Car Company, US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victor — Victor, MT U.S. Census Designated Place in Montana Population (2000): 859 Housing Units (2000): 375 Land area (2000): 1.597918 sq. miles (4.138588 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.597918 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Victor F.C. — Victor F.C. is a name used by at least two, and possibly three, U.S. soccer teams in the early twentieth century.Confusing namesVictor Talking Machine of Camden, New Jersey [ [http://www.geocities.com/bethlehem soccer/gl120414.html December 4,… …   Wikipedia

  • Victor II — Pape de l’Église catholique Nom de naissance Gebhard de Dollnstein Hirschberg Naissance 1018 Élection au pontificat 13 avril 1055 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • VICTOR — Rechtsform GmbH Gründung 1958 Sitz Taiwan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victor II —     Pope Victor II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Victor II     (GEBHARD, COUNT OF CALW, TOLLENSTEIN, AND HIRSCHBERG.)     Born about 1018; died at Arezzo, 28 July, 1057. The papal catalogues make him a native of the Bavarian Nordgau, while… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Víctor II — Papa de la Iglesia católica 16 de abril de 1055 – 28 de …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.