Vicar of Christ
Vicar of Christ
A title of the pope implying his supreme and universal primacy, both of honour and of jurisdiction, over the Church of Christ

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Vicar of Christ
    Vicar of Christ
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Vicar of Christ
    (Lat. Vicarius Christi).
    A title of the pope implying his supreme and universal primacy, both of honour and of jurisdiction, over the Church of Christ. It is founded on the words of the Divine Shepherd to St. Peter: "Feed my lambs.... Feed my sheep" (John 21:16-17), by which He constituted the Prince of the Apostles guardian of His entire flock in His own place, thus making him His Vicar and fulfilling the promise made in Matthew 16:18-19.
    In the course of the ages other vicarial designations have been used for the pope, as Vicar of St. Peter and even Vicar of the Apostolic See (Pope Gelasius, I, Ep. vi), but the title Vicar of Christ is more expressive of his supreme headship of the Church on earth, which he bears in virtue of the commission of Christ and with vicarial power derived from Him. Thus, Innocent III appeals for his power to remove bishops to the fact that he is Vicar of Christ (cap. "Inter corporalia", 2, "De trans. ep."). He also declares that Christ has given such power only to His Vicar Peter and his successors (cap. "Quanto", 3, ibid.), and states that it is the Roman Pontiff who is "the successor of Peter and the Vicar of Jesus Christ" (cap. "Licet", 4, ibid.). The title Vicar of God used for the pope by Nicholas III (c. "Fundamenta ejus", 17, "De elect.", in 6) is employed as an equivalent for Vicar of Christ.
    WILLIAM H.W. FANNING
    Transcribed by John Mark Ockerbloom

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vicar of Christ — (Latin Vicarius Christi ) has been used since Pope Gelasius I (served 492 496), alongside a few rarer vicarial titles, as one of the titles of the Bishop of Rome the Pope as head of the Universal Church (see Papal primacy). A vicar is, roughly, a …   Wikipedia

  • Vicar of Christ — Rom. Cath. Ch. the pope, with reference to his claim to stand in the place of Jesus Christ and possess His authority in the church. Also, Vicar of Jesus Christ. [1475 85] * * * …   Universalium

  • Vicar of Christ — noun Roman Catholic Church (a title applied to the pope which views him as the chief representative of Christ on earth.) Also, Vicar of Jesus Christ …   Australian English dictionary

  • Vicar of Christ — Vic′ar of Christ′ n. rel the pope Also called Vic′ar of Je′sus Christ′ …   From formal English to slang

  • VICAR OF CHRIST —    title assumed by the Pope, who claims to be the Vicegerent of Christ on earth …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Vicar of Christ —    This title (from the Latin vicarius, meaning substitute or deputy ) refers to Saint Peter and his successors, the bishops of Rome, who have the responsibility of representing Christ to the universal Church and to the world. (See CCC 882) …   Glossary of theological terms

  • Vicar of Christ — Date: 15th century pope 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Vicar of Christ — the Pope …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Vicar of Christ —  Викарий Христа …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Vicar of Christ — noun the head of the Roman Catholic Church • Syn: ↑pope, ↑Catholic Pope, ↑Roman Catholic Pope, ↑pontiff, ↑Holy Father, ↑Bishop of Rome • Derivationally related forms: ↑pontifical ( …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”