- Valentinian III
- Valentinian III• Reigned 425-55, son of Constantius III and Galla Placidia, daughter of Theodosius, succeeded Emperor Honorius.(419-455)
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Valentinian IIIValentinian III† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Valentinian IIIReigned 425-55, b. at Ravenna, 3 July, 419; d. at Rome, 16 March, 455; son of Constantius III and Galla Placidia, daughter of Theodosius, succeeded Emperor Honorius. In 437 he married his cousin Eudoxia at Constantinople. During his reign the Western Empire hastened to decay. Britain was abandoned in 446, Ætius failed to hold Gaul against the Franks, Burgundians, and Huns, while Africa was lost in 439 by Boniface, who was defeated by the Vandals under Huneric, later married to Valetinian's daughter Eudoxia. On 17 July, 425, all schismatics were ordered to leave Rome; in the same year the immunity of the clergy from civil jurisdiction was reaffirmed, though Valentinian abrogated this privilege later in 452; on 8 April, 4236, the Jews were forbidden to disinherit their children who became Christians. Valentinian was a strong adversary of the Manichaeans and in 445 declared them guilty of sacrilege, forbade them to reside in cities, and pronounced them incapable of performing any judicial acts. When appealed to by Leo I in the dispute with St. Hilary of Poitiers concerning the latter's metropolitan rights, he addressed a constitution to Ætius, Governor of Gaul, strongly supporting Leo. In it he emphasized the papal supremacy, founded on the position of St. Peter as head of the episcopacy, and pointed out the necessity of one supreme head for the spiritual kingdom, and ordered the civil authorities to bring to Rome any bishop who refused to come there when called by the pope. In 447 he issued an edict to prevent the violation of sepulchres. He was at Rome, with his wife and mother, in February, 450, for the celebration of the feast of the Chair of St. Peter, and after consultation with Pope Leo took active steps for the calling of a general Council, which met at Chalcedon in October, 451. Valentinian presented Xystus III with 2000 lbs. of silver to construct a tabernacle in the Lateran basilica, and in addition with a large golden ornament representing Christ and his Apostles, for the Confessio of St. Peter. As he grew older Valentinian displayed a vindictive, feeble, hesitating character; his training seems to have been purposely neglected by his mother, the real ruler. On the approach of Attila he fled from Ravenna, his imperial residence, to Rome, which was saved later, as is known by Pope St. Leo. After his mother's death (450), he gave way to his passions. In 454 he caused Ætius and his friends to be murdered; at last he was assassinated while attending the chariot races in the Via Labicana, Rome, near the tomb of St. Helena, at the instigation, it is said, of a Roman senator, Petronius Maximus, whose wife he had wronged.GRISAR, Gesch. Roms und der Papste im Mittelalter, I (Freiburg, 1901), tr. Hist. of Rome and the Popes in the Middle Ages (London, 1911); TILLEMONT, Hist. des empereurs, VI (Paris, 1738); BURY, Later Roman Empire, II (London, 1889).A.A. MACERLEANTranscribed by Michael T. Barrett Dedicated to the Poor Souls in Purgatory
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Valentinian III — Infobox Roman emperor name = Valentinian III full name = Flavius Placidius Valentinianus title = Emperor of the Western Roman Empire caption = Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate Valentinian III s marriage to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of… … Wikipedia
Valentinian III. — Solidus, der zur Feier der Hochzeit Valentinians III. mit Licinia Eudoxia geprägt wurde, der Tochter des oströmischen Kaisers Theodosius II. Auf der Rückseite werden sie zu dritt in Hochzeitskleidung dargestellt. Valentinian III. (* 2. Juli 419… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Valentinian III — Emperor (q.v.) of the West from 425 455. For the first part of his reign (he was six when he became emperor) his mother Galla Placidia (q.v.) exerted real power, as did the general Aetius (q.v.). His independence came only late in his reign,… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Valentinian III — A.D. 419? 455, emperor of the Western Roman Empire 425 455. Also, Valentinianus III. * * * ▪ Roman emperor Latin in full Flavius Placidius Valentinianus born July 2, 419, Ravenna [Italy] died March 16, 455, Rome Roman emperor from 425 to… … Universalium
Valentinian III — A.D. 419? 455, emperor of the Western Roman Empire 425 455. Also, Valentinianus III … Useful english dictionary
Valentinian I. — Valentinian I. Valentinian I. (Flavius Valentinianus; * 321 in Cibalae [wahrscheinlich Mikanovici], Pannonien; † 17. November 375 in Brigetio bei Komárom im heutigen Ungarn) war von 364 bis 375 römischer Kaiser im Westen des Imperiums. Als sein… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Valentinian — [v ], lateinisch Valentinianus, Name römischer Kaiser: 1) Valentinian I., eigentlich Flavius Valentinianus, Kaiser (seit 364), * Cibalae (heute Vinkovci, Kroatien) 321, ✝ Brigetio (heute Komárom Szőny, Ungarn) 17. 11. 375, Vater von 2),… … Universal-Lexikon
Valentinian — was the name of several Roman emperors:* Valentinian I * Valentinian II * Valentinian III;Other *Valentinius, gnostic theologian and founder of Valentinianism, sometimes known as Valentinian *Valentinian dynasty, Imperial Roman dynasty founded by … Wikipedia
Valentinian (play) — Valentinian is a Jacobean era stage play, a revenge tragedy written by John Fletcher was that originally published in the first Beaumont and Fletcher folio of 1647. The play dramatizes the story of Valentinian III, one of the last of the Roman… … Wikipedia
Valentinian — [val΄ən tin′ē ən] 1. Valentinian I A.D. 321? 375; Rom. emperor; ruled 364 375: brother of Valens 2. Valentinian II A.D. 371? 392; Rom. emperor; ruled 375 392: son of Valentinian I 3. Valentinian III A.D. 419? 455; Rom. emperor; ruled 425 455 * *… … Universalium