Valentinian II
Valentinian II
Emperor of the West (371-392)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Valentinian II
    Valentinian II
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Valentinian II
    (FLAVIUS VALENTINIANUS)
    Reigned 375-392; born in Gaul, about 371, murdered at Vienne, Dauphiny, Gaul, 15 May, 392. Son of Valentinian I and his second wife Justina. He was never much more than a merely nominal ruler, for while Gratian ruled in the East, most of the West was under the control of Magnus Maximus. Italy was all that was left to him, and even there the real ruler was his mother Justina, with whom he resided at Milan. In 387 Maximus, who had usurped the northern provinces in 383, invaded Italy and Justina and Valentinian fled to Thessalonica to seek the aid of Theodosius, Emperor of the East. Maximus was defeated, but Justina soon died, and Valentinian fell under the evil influence of Arbogast, who had him assassinated later. Valentinian was weak, but just, and loved peace. Justina was opposed to the orthodox party; she endeavoured to set up an Arian ( see Arianism ) bishop at Milan and to procure a church for his followers, but was thwarted by St. Ambrose, who protested that the churches belonged to the bishop not to the emperor. And when the Roman senate attempted in 384 and 391 to restore the altar of victory and the pagan rites, it was St. Ambrose again who triumphed. On 23 January, 386, Valentinian published an edict protecting the Arian ( see Arianism ) supporters of the Council of Ariminum, but this was overruled by Theodosius. On the other hand he supported Pope Damasus against his enemy Ursinus. With Gratian he reaffirmed the exemption of the clergy from the jurisdiction of the civil tribunals in religious matters. In 386 he issued an edict for the erection of the Basilica of St. Paul and directed Sallust, the prefect of Rome, to co-operate with Pope Siricus in this matter. The basilica was consecrated in 390. After Justina's death Valentinian abandoned Arianism, became a catechumen, and invited St. Ambrose to come to Gaul to administer baptism to him, but was not spared to receive it. His body was brought to Milan, where the saint delivered his funeral oration, "De obitu Valentiniani consolatio", in which he dwells on the efficacy of baptism of desire (P.L., XVI).
    SOZOMEN, Hist. eccl., VII; DE BROGLIE, L'eglise et l'empire, III; TILLEMONT, Hist. des empereurs, V.
    A.A. MACERLEAN
    Transcribed by Thomas M. Barrett Dedicated to the Poor Souls in Purgatory

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Valentinian I. — Valentinian I. Valentinian I. (Flavius Valentinianus; * 321 in Cibalae [wahrscheinlich Mikanovici], Pannonien; † 17. November 375 in Brigetio bei Komárom im heutigen Ungarn) war von 364 bis 375 römischer Kaiser im Westen des Imperiums. Als sein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Valentinian I — • Emperor of the West (321 375) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Valentinian I     Valentinian I     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Valentinian — was the name of several Roman emperors:* Valentinian I * Valentinian II * Valentinian III;Other *Valentinius, gnostic theologian and founder of Valentinianism, sometimes known as Valentinian *Valentinian dynasty, Imperial Roman dynasty founded by …   Wikipedia

  • Valentinian —   [v ], lateinisch Valentinianus, Name römischer Kaiser:    1) Valentinian I., eigentlich Flavius Valentinianus, Kaiser (seit 364), * Cibalae (heute Vinkovci, Kroatien) 321, ✝ Brigetio (heute Komárom Szőny, Ungarn) 17. 11. 375, Vater von 2),… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Valentinian — [val΄ən tin′ē ən] 1. Valentinian I A.D. 321? 375; Rom. emperor; ruled 364 375: brother of Valens 2. Valentinian II A.D. 371? 392; Rom. emperor; ruled 375 392: son of Valentinian I 3. Valentinian III A.D. 419? 455; Rom. emperor; ruled 425 455 * *… …   Universalium

  • Valentinian — [val΄ən tin′ē ən] 1. Valentinian I A.D. 321? 375; Rom. emperor; ruled 364 375: brother of Valens 2. Valentinian II A.D. 371? 392; Rom. emperor; ruled 375 392: son of Valentinian I 3. Valentinian III A.D. 419? 455; Rom. emperor; ruled 425 455 …   English World dictionary

  • Valentinian — Val en*tin i*an, n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a school of Judaizing Gnostics in the second century; so called from Valentinus, the founder. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Valentinian — Valentinian, Name von 3 röm. Kaisern. V. I., ausgezeichneter Kriegsmann, wurde 364 n. Chr. zu Nicäa nach Jovinians Tod von den Legionen zum Kaiser ausgerufen, übergab seinem Bruder Valens die Regierung des Morgenlandes, während er selbst das… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Valentinian II — Infobox Roman emperor name = Valentinian II full name = Flavius Valentinianus Junior (from birth to accession); Flavius Valentinianus Junior Augustus (as emperor) title =Emperor of the Roman Empire caption =A solidus minted by Valentinian II. On… …   Wikipedia

  • Valentinian II. — Solidus des Valentinian II. Auf der Rückseite werden Valentinian und Theodosius I. als siegreich dargestellt. Valentinian II. (* Herbst 371 wohl in Augusta Treverorum, heute Trier; † 15. Mai 392 in Vienne), eigentlich Flavius Valent …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”