Uccello


Uccello
Uccello
Painter, born at Florence, 1397; died there, 1475

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Uccello
    Uccello
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Uccello
    Painter, born at Florence, 1397; died there, 1475. His real name was Paolo di Dono, but from his love of painting birds he received the nickname of Uccello, and has been most frequently called by that name ever since. He was apprenticed to Ghiberti, and was one of the assistants engaged in preparing the first pair of bronze gates made for the baptistery in Florence. Vasari tells us that his special love was for geometry and perspective. Manetti taught him geometry, but where he learned painting we do not know, nor are we acquainted with the reasons which led him to leave the botega of Ghiberti and set up for himself. Vasari scoffs at Uccello's study of perspective, regarding it as waste of time, and saying that the artist became "more needy than famous". His skill in foreshortening and proportion, and in some of the complex difficulties of perspective, was quite remarkable, and his pictures for this reason alone are well worth careful study, for they display an extraordinary knowledge of geometric perspective. His most important work is the colossal equestrian figure of Sir John Hawkwood, a chiaroscuro in terraverde, intended to imitate a stone statue, seen aloft, standing out from the wall of the cathedral. One of the most precious possessions of the National Gallery, London, is a battle-picture by this artist. For a long time this was wrongly entitled the "Battle of Sant' Egidio of 1416", but it really represents the rout of San Romano of 1432. Instead of Malatesta, the picture gives us a representation of NicolÒ da Tolentino. Mr. Herbert Horne gave considerable attention to the history of this picture some twelve years ago, and was able to arrive at a very accurate determination regarding it. There are very few paintings by Uccello in existence, although he must have painted a considerable number. There is a panel by him in the Louvre, containing his own portrait, associated with those of Giotto, Donatello, Brunelleschi, and Manetti, representing perspective associated with painting, sculpture, architecture, and geometry. Many of the frescoes he executed for Santa Maria Novella have been destroyed. The only other picture of his that need be mentioned here is a predella in a church near Urbino, relating to the theft of a pax, which is attributed to him by many critics. He is said to have studied the works of Pisanello with great advantage, and it is probable that it was from Pisanello that he first learned painting, but he may be practically regarded as one of the founders of the art of linear perspective. There are very few dates known in his history beyond those of his birth and death. But we know that in 1425 he was at work at Venice, in 1436 painting his portrait of Sir John Hawkwood, and in 1468 residing at Urbino.
    GEORGE CHARLES WILLIAMSON
    Transcribed by Carol Kerstner

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • uccello — /u tʃ:ɛl:o/ s.m. [lat. tardo aucellus, da avicellus, avicella, dim. di avis uccello ]. 1. (zool.) [nome con cui sono indicati i rappresentanti della classe degli animali vertebrati provvisti di ali: il volo di un u. ; il canto degli u. ]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • UCCELLO (P.) — Uccello est un peintre soucieux avant tout de pousser ses recherches dans une direction scientifique; mais la science sur laquelle il s’appuie, l’optique de son temps, ou perspective , reste essentiellement psychologique; son intellectualisme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Uccello —   [ut tʃɛllo], Paolo, eigentlich P. di Dono, italienischer Maler, * Pratovecchio (bei Arezzo) um 1397, ✝ Florenz 10. 12. 1475; Schüler von L. Ghiberti; tätig in Florenz, 1425 30 in Venedig, 1445 in Padua, 1465 68 in Urbino. Sein Interesse galt… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Uccello — (izg. učȅlo), Paolo (pravo ime P. di Dono) (1397 1475) DEFINICIJA talijanski slikar; poznate slike lova i bitaka (tri epizode iz bitke kod San Romana), uspješno riješeni problemi perspektive i volumena, ubraja se u red najznačajnijih slikara rane …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Uccello — (spr. Utschello), eigentlich Mazzocchi, Paolo, geb. 1389 in Florenz; Schüler des Anton Veneziano, malte vorzüglich Vögel sehr gut u. st. 1472 in Florenz …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Uccello — (spr. utschéllo, eigentlich Paolo di Dono), Paolo, Maler und Goldschmied, geb. 1396 oder 1397 in Florenz, gest. daselbst 11. Dez. 1475, war zuerst Bildhauer und als solcher Gehilfe von Ghiberti bei der ersten Tür des Florentiner Baptisteriums,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Uccello — (spr. uttschéllo), Paolo, florent. Maler, geb. 1397, gest. 1475; biblische Fresken in Sta. Maria Novella, auch Schlachtenbilder (Florenz und London) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Uccello — Uccello, Paolo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Uccello — (Paolo di Dono, dit Paolo) (1397 1475) peintre et marqueteur italien; de 1425 à 1430 mosaïste à la basilique Saint Marc de Venise. Son sens de la perspective et ses compositions colorées sont étrangement modernes: Bataille de San Romano (1456… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Uccello — Le nom désigne un oiseau en italien. Surnom aux multiples interprétations possibles, il a aussi été utilisé comme nom de personne. C est en Campanie (province de Naples) qu il est le plus répandu, on le rencontre aussi en Sicile. Avec pluriel… …   Noms de famille


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