Thyatira


Thyatira
Thyatira
A titular suffragan see of Sardes in Lydia

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Thyatira
    Thyatira
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Thyatira
    A titular suffragan see of Sardes in Lydia. According to Stephanus Byzantius, the name was given to the city by Seleucus I Nicator; it is more probable that it is of Lydian origin. A Macedonian colony was established there (Strabo, XIII, 4); several divinities were worshipped there, such as AEsculapius, Bacchus, Artemis, above all Apollo, in whose honour games were instituted. Vespasian began great undertakings at Thyatira; it was visited by Hadrian in the year 123, and by Caracalla in 215. Lydia, the woman converted by St. Paul at Philippi, was from Thyatira (Acts, xvi, 13-15); St. John addressed an epistle to the "angel of the church", to whom he gives great commendation, but after having criticised a false prophetess (Apoc., ii, 18-29). Paprylus, martyred about the year 250 at Pergamus, venerated 13 October, was also from this city; we know from testimony given by St. Epiphanius (Contra haer., LI, 33), that at the beginning of the third century almost all Thyatira was Christian. Among the bishops mentioned by Le Quien (Oriens christianus, I, 875-78), we may note Seras, in 325; Fuscus, at the Council of Ephesus in 431; Diamonius, in 458; Basilius, in 878. The bishopric was suffragan to Sardes as late as the tenth century (Gelzer, "Ungedruckte ... Texte der notitiae episcopatuum", 537, 553); it is not known when it disappeared. In the Middle Ages the Turks changed the name of Thyatira to that of Ak-Hissar (the white fortress), which it still bears. It numbers 22,000 inhabitants, 7000 of whom are Greek schismatics, 1000 Armenians and Jews, and 14,000 Mussulmans ( see Mohammed and Mohammedanism ); it is a caza of the sandjak of Saroukhan and of the vilayet of Smyrna.
    SMITH (Dict. Greek and Roman Geog., S.V.; TEXIER, Asie Mineure (Paris, 1862), 266-68; Bulletin de Correspondance hellenique, X, 398-423; XI, 455-467; CUINET, La Turquie d'Asie, III, 548-52; LAMPAKES, The Seven Stars of the Apocalypse (Athens, 1909), 301-36, in Greek; RAMSAY, The Seven Churches of Asia (London, 1909).
    S. VAILHÉ
    Transcribed by Thomas M. Barrett Dedicated to the Poor Souls in Purgatory

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Thyatīra — Thyatīra, Stadt im nördlichen Lydien, früher Pelopia, lag am Lykos u. war von Seleukos Nikator erneuert. Die Einwohner waren als Purpurfärber berühmt. Hier bildete sich eine der ersten christlichen Gemeinden in Kleinasien; hier 366 n. Chr.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thyatira — Thyatira, antike Stadt, s. Akhissar 2) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Thyatira — For the moth genus, see Thyatira (moth).Infobox Settlement official name = Thyatira (Θυάτειρα) other name = (Akhisar) native name = Ancient City of Greece imagesize = 280px image caption = Paul s third journeyLocation map Turkey label=Thyatira… …   Wikipedia

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  • THYATIRA — I. THYATIRA una Echinadum. Plin. l. 4. c. 12. II. THYATIRA urbs Lydiae ad Lycum fluv. Pelopia, et Euhippae aliquando dicta, teste Pliniô, l. 5. c. 29. Semiramis et Mysorum ultima, teste Steph. inter Sardes ad Meridiem 30. et Pergamum ad Boream 58 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Thyatira — A city 56 km. (35 miles) NE of Smyrna, in modern Turkey, with valuable trading contacts in the 1st cent. CE. When Paul visited Philippi he met and converted Lydia from Thyatira, a seller of purple goods (Acts 16:14–15). The fourth of the seven… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Thyatira — geographical name see Akhisar …   New Collegiate Dictionary