- Thundering Legion
- Thundering Legion• The story of an expedition against the Quadi led by Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Thundering LegionThundering Legion† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Thundering Legion(Legio fulminata, or fulminea, not fulminatrix).The story of the Thundering Legion is in substance as follows: When the Emperor Marcus Aurelius led an expedition against the Quadi in 174, his army, exhausted by thirst, was on the point of falling an easy prey to the enemy. It was then that the soldiers of the Twelfth Legion, which was composed of Christians, prayed to their God for help. Forthwith a heavy thunderstorm arose, bringing the desired relief to the Romans, but terrifying and dispersing the barbarians. Hereupon the emperor issued a decree forbidding the persecution of the Christians and to the Twelfth Legion he gave the surname of fulminata, or fulminea, that is, "thundering."The earliest reference to this occurrence from a Christian source was made by Tertullian ("Apologeticum," v, and "Ad Scapulam," iv). He is quoted by Eusebius (Hist. eccl., V, v), who also cites Apollinaris of Hierapolis, a contemporary of Aurelius, as an authority for the alleged Miracle. Later Christian authorities are Orosius (Hist. adv. paganos, VII, xv), Gregory of Nyssa (Oratio II in XL martyres), Jerome (Eusebii Chron., and. 174), and Xiphilinus (Dionis Nicaei rer. Rom. epitome, LXXI, ix, x). Pagan writers also testify to the miraculous thunderstorm, but they ascribe it either to the prayers of the emperor (Julius Capitolinus, "Vita Marci Antonini philosophi" xxiv; Themistius, "Oratio XV," ed. Harduin, 191; Claudianus, "In VI consulatum Honorii," carmen 28; "Oracula Sibyllina," ed. Alexandre, XII, 194-200) or to the incantations of the Egyptian magician Arnuphis who accompanied the Roman army (Dion Cassius, "Hist. rom.," LXXI, viii-x; Suidas, s.v. Ioulianos). On a coin, struck by the emperor (Eckhel, "Doctrina nummorum vet.," III, 64), and on the Antonine Column in Rome, the "Miracle of the thunderstorm" is represented as wrought by Jupiter.The mass of historical evidence, as seen above, leaves no room for doubting the occurrence of the thunderstorm, but there has been a long controversy concerning various circumstances which early Christian writers mention as connected with it. The researches of Moyle, Mosheim, and especially the more recent ones of Lightfoot, Harnack, and others (see bibliography) have led to the following almost universally accepted results: A detachment of the Twelfth Legion, which was regularly stationed at Melitene in Armenia and comprised many Christians, took part in the expedition against the Quadi, and it is probable, though not certain, that the "miraculous thunderstorm" was an answer to their prayers. The name fulminatrix was not given to the legion on this occasion, but there existed since the time of Augustus (Dion Cassius, LV, xxiii) a legio fulminata or fulminea, probably called thus from the representation of lightning on their armour. The letter (generally appended to the "Apology" of Justin), which Marcus Aurelius is said to have written to the Senate, concerning the miraculous thunderstorm, and in which he is said to have forbidden the further persecution of the Christians, is either a forgery or it was interpolated to suit the Christians. It is an established fact that the persecution of Christians became even more cruel shortly after this incident.MICHAEL OTTTranscribed by Mark Dittman
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Thundering Legion — In Christian tradition, a body of soldiers under Marcus Aurelius, whose prayers brought down a thunderstorm and destroyed the enemy • • • Main Entry: ↑legion … Useful english dictionary
Légion XII Fulminata — Legio XII Fulminata La Legio XII Fulminata est une légion romaine qui fut levée en 58 av. J. C. par Jules César pour mener campagne contre les Helvètes lors de la Guerre des Gaules. Engagée pendant ses plus de quatre cents ans d existence dans… … Wikipédia en Français
Legio XII Fulminata — ( wielder of the thunderbolt ), also known as Paterna , Victrix , Antiqua , Certa Constans , and Galliena , was a Roman legion, levied by Julius Caesar in 58 BC and which accompanied him during the Gallic wars until 49 BC. The unit was still… … Wikipedia
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus — • Second century Roman emperor and philosopher Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Marcus Aurelius Antoninus … Catholic encyclopedia
Legio XII Fulminata — Die Legio XII Fulminata (wörtlich „Blitz Legion“, gelegentlich auch als „Donner Legion“ übersetzt) war eine Legion der römischen Armee, die ursprünglich im Jahr 58 v. Chr. von Gaius Iulius Caesar ausgehoben wurde und bis ins 5. Jahrhundert… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Legio XII Fulminata — Carte de l Empire romain en 125, sous l empereur Hadrien, montrant la Legio XII Fulminata, stationné à Mélitène (aujourd hui Malatya en Turquie), dans la province de Cappadoce, de 71 jusqu au … Wikipédia en Français
Legio XII Fulminata — Mapa del Imperio romano en el año 125 d. C., bajo el emperador Adriano, mostrando a la Legio XII Fulminata, estacionada en Melitene (Malatya, Turquía), en la provincia de Capadocia, desde el 71 d. C. hasta el siglo IV … Wikipedia Español
Saint Donatus of Muenstereifel — Infobox Saint name= Saint Donatus birth date=ca. 140 death date=173? feast day= August 7; June 30 venerated in= Roman Catholic Church imagesize= caption= birth place= Rome death place= titles= Martyr beatified date= beatified place= beatified by … Wikipedia
Apollinaris Claudius — Infobox Saint name=Saint Apollinaris Claudius birth date= death date=2nd century feast day=January 8 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church imagesize= caption= birth place= death place= titles= beatified date= beatified place= beatified by= canonized … Wikipedia
Gorgonius — Saint Gorgonius of Nicomedia The martyrdom of Gorgonius and Dorotheus, 14th century French manuscript. Martyr Born 3rd century AD … Wikipedia