Synaxis


Synaxis
Synaxis
Means gathering, assembly, reunion. It is exactly equivalent to the Latin collecta (from colligere), and corresponds to synagogue (synagoge), the place of reunion

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Synaxis
    Synaxis
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Synaxis
    Synaxis (synaxis from synago) means gathering, assembly, reunion. It is exactly equivalent to the Latin collecta (from colligere), and corresponds to synagogue (synagoge), the place of reunion. In Christian and liturgical use the Synaxis is the assembly for any religious function, either in the abstract sense (nomen actionis) or concretely for the people assembled (cf. German Sammlung and Versammlung). The verb synago occurs frequently in the New Testament, for gathering together a religious meeting (Acts, xi, 26; xiv, 27 etc.), as also for the Jewish services and councils (e.g. John, xi, 47). So also in the Apostolic Fathers (Didache, ix, 4; xiv, 1; I Clem., xxxiv, 7; in general for the union of the church, Ignatius, "Magn.", x, 3). We must distinguish the liturgical (eucharistic) from the aliturgical Synaxis, which consisted only of prayers, readings, psalms, out of which our Divine Office evolved. Dionysius the Pseudo-Areopagite uses the word only for the eucharistic service ("De eccles. hier.", iii, in P.G., III), and Cardinal Bona thinks that so it may have a mystic meaning, as referring to our union with God or Communion (Rerum liturg., I, iii, 3). But it occurs frequently for any religious assembly, and in this sense was adopted in the West by St. Benedict ("Regula Ben.", 17: "Vespertina Synaxis" — Vespers) and by John Cassian ("Collat.", IX, 34: "ad concludendam synaxim"; ed. Hurter, Innsbruck, 1887, p. 315) etc. In this signification the word is now archaic in Greek and Latin. It is preserved, however, in the Byzantine Calendar as the title of certain feasts on which the people assemble in some particular church for the Holy Liturgy, and therefore corresponds with the Roman statio. Thus 4 January is the "Synaxis of the Holy Seventy", that is the feast of the seventy disciples (Luke, x, 1, where the Vulgate has seventy-two, on which day the assembly was once made in some church (at Constantinople?) dedicated to them (Nilles, "Kalendarium manuale," I, 2nd ed., Innsbruck, 1896, p. 52); 26 December is the "Synaxis of the Theotokos and of Joseph the spouse and guardian of the Virgin", a feast in memory of the flight into Egypt, on which again the station was at a special church (ibid., 366).
    ADRIAN FORTESCUE
    Transcribed by John D. Beetham

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Synaxis — Syn*ax is, n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to bring together. See {Synagogue}.] A congregation; also, formerly, the Lord s Supper. Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • SYNAXIS — Graece Σύναξις, apud Graecos Patres, variosque medii aevi Scriptores Latinos, inter quos vide Cassiodor. l. 4. c. 16. participationem divinae Eucharistiae seu Communionem corporis et sanguinis Domini notat, praeeunte Scripturâ, Actor. c. 20. v. 7 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Synaxis — In Eastern Christianity (the Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite), a Synaxis (Greek: Σύναξις; Slavonic: Собор, Sobor ) is an assembly for liturgical purposes, generally through the celebration of… …   Wikipedia

  • Synaxis — Sy|n|ạ|xis, die; , …xen [mgriech. sýnaxis, zu griech. synagein, ↑ Synagoge]: Gottesdienst in der griechisch orthodoxen Kirche. * * * Sy|nạ|xis, die; , ...xen [mgriech. sýnaxis, zu griech. synagein, ↑Synagoge]: Gottesdienst in der griechisch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Synaxis — Sy|na|xis die; , ...’axen <über spätlat. synaxis aus gleichbed. (spät)gr. sýnaxis, eigtl. »das Zusammenführen, Versammlung«, zu gr. synágein »zusammenführen, versammeln«> Messfeier in der griech. orthodoxen Kirche …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • synaxis — /si nak sis/, n., pl. synaxes /si nak seez/. an assembly for religious worship, esp. for the celebration of the Eucharist. [1615 25; < LL < MGk sýnaxis, equiv. to synág(ein) to meet together (see SYNAGOGUE) + sis SIS] * * * …   Universalium

  • Synaxis — The liturgical office said by monks in common, usually on Saturday and Sunday. It is also used here of the individual rule of prayer which a solitary follows …   Dictionary of church terms

  • synaxis — syn·ax·is …   English syllables

  • synaxis —  Синаксис …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • synaxis — …   Useful english dictionary


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