Squillace


Squillace
Squillace
Suffragan diocese of Reggio, in Calabria, Southern Italy

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Squillace
    Squillace
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Squillace
    (Squillacensis).
    Suffragan diocese of Reggio, in Calabria, Southern Italy. The city of Squillace, in the civil Province of Catanzaro, stands near the Ionian Sea at the base of a hill between the two branches of the River Alessi, and is a centre of the wine, olive, and silk industries; it also possesses lead and iron mines, and earthenware works. The ancient Scyllaceum, or Scylletium, had a harbour, which is now a marsh. According to Cassiodorus, who was born there and died in a monastery founded there by him, the city was established by an Athenian colony. Invasions of Saracens in the ninth and tenth centuries, a landing of the Turks in 1595, and the earthquake of 1783 caused its ruin. The diocese possesses the bodies of many saints, including : St. Achatius, martyr, in the cathedral; St. John Terrestre, abbot, a contemporary of St. Nilus in the (then Basilian) monastery of Stilo; and the holy minks Bartolomew, Nicholas, and Basil. St. Bruno established two Carthusian monasteries within the limits of the diocese, S. Maria dell' Eremo and S. Stefano in Nemore, the latter having the less rigorous discipline.
    The first known Bishop of Squillace is Gaudentius (465); Zachæus accompanied Pope Vigilius to Constantinople (551); John, previously Bishop of Lissa, in Dalmatia, having been driven out by the barbarians, was transferred hither by St. Gregory the Great. After Bishop Demetrius (870), no bishops are mentioned until the Norman conquest, after which Count Roger erected the cathedral, into which the Latin Rite was introduced, while the Greek Rite continued much longer in the diocese. The series of bishops commences again with Theodore Mismer (1094). Other bishops were: Francesco degli Arcesi (1418-76); Cardinal Enrigo Borgia (1539); Cardinal Guglielmo Sirleto (1568), who resigned in favour of his nephew, Marcello (1573), the founder of a monastery for penitent women, and famous for his erudition; Tommaso (1594) and Fabrizio Sirleto (1693); NicolÒ Micheli, who enlarged the seminary. The territory of Squillace contains Stilo, the ancient Consilinum, three bishops of which are known, Sabinus (495) being the earliest. The diocese contains 59 parishes, with 198 secular and 24 regular priests, 130,000 inhabitants, 5 convents of men and 1 of nuns.
    Cappelletti, Le chiese d'Italia, XXI.
    U. BENIGNI
    Transcribed by Ferruccio Germani

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Squillace — Squillace …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Squillace — Squillace …   Wikipedia Español

  • Squillace — (spr. Skuilladsche), 1) Meerbusen in der neapolitanischen Provinz Calabria ulteriore II., Theil des Ionischen Meeres, zwischen den Vorgebirgen Rizzuto u. Stilo, nimmt die Flüsse Assi, Ancinale, Corace, Alli, Tacino u.a. auf; 2) Stadt[613] unweit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Squillace — (spr. ßkwillātsche), Flecken in der ital. Provinz und dem Kreise Catanzaro, 6 km westlich vom Golf von S. des Ionischen Meeres, an der Eisenbahn Metaponto Reggio, Bischofssitz, mit Kathedrale, Seminar und (1901) 2869 Einw. – S. ist das antike… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Squillace — (spr. ahtsche), Stadt in der ital. Prov. Catanzaro, am Golf von S., (1901) 3220 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Squillace — (–atsche), neapol. Stadt in Calabria ulteriore II., an dem Meerbusen von S., durch das Erdbeben von 1783 fast ganz zerstört, ist Bischofssitz, hat eine Kathedrale, 3000 E …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Squillace — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Squillace (homonymie). Squillace Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Squillace — Infobox CityIT img coa = squillace Stemma.png official name = Comune di Squillace region = Calabria province = Catanzaro (CZ) elevation m = 344 area total km2 =33 population as of = May 31, 2005 population total = 1391 name=Squillace mapx=38.75… …   Wikipedia

  • Squillace — Original name in latin Squillace Name in other language Squillace State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 38.77948 latitude 16.5122 altitude 254 Population 3189 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Squillace (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Squillace est une commune italienne de la province de Catanzaro dans la région Calabre. Leopoldo de Gregorio, marquis d Esquilache ou Squillace (Messine… …   Wikipédia en Français


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