Sicca Veneria
Sicca Veneria
A titular see in Africa Proconsularis, suffragan of Carthage

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Sicca Veneria
    Sicca Veneria
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Sicca Veneria
    A titular see in Africa Proconsularis, suffragan of Carthage. Sicca was an ancient important town in the kingdom of Numidia, very probably of Phoenician origin, on the Bagradas, on the road from Carthage to Hippo Regius and from Musti to Cirta. It got its name from a celebrated temple of Venus. It was to Sicca, after the first Punic War, that the Carthaginians sent the Mercenaries whose discontent they feared. Included later in the proconsulate it received from Augustus the title of colony. It had moreover been colonized by the Sittians of Cirta, whence the name Colonia Cirta Nova and Colonia Julia Veneria Cirta Nova Iulia; it is sometimes even called simply Cirta. Arnobius taught rhetoric there under Diocletian. Six of its bishops are known: Castus, at the Council of Carthage, 255; Patritius in 349; Fortunatianus mentioned in 407, present in 411 at a conference of Carthage and spoken of by St. Augustine, "Retractationes" XLI; Urbanus in 418, mentioned in 429 by St. Augustine, "Epist." ccxxix; Paul towards 480; Candidus in 646. The town commanding the principal natural roads leading from Algeria to Tunis preserved a great strategic importance till the French occupation; the Arabs called it Shikka Benar, or Shak Banaria, but it is better known as Le Kef (rock). It is the chief town of a civil "controle" in Tunis, contains 6000 inhabitants, and is connected with Tunis by a railroad. Its only interesting monuments are two mosques and the fortress. Among the Roman ruins are baths, cisterns, the remains of a temple (of Augustus?); some of the inscriptions discovered are Christian; the most curious ruins are however those of the Basilica Kasr el-Ghoul, 107.25 feet by 52 feet ending in an apse; the flooring was in mosaics; the baptistery of Dar el-Djir; a monastery below Ain Hadjima; and especially the Basilica of St. Peter of Dar el-Kous, of which the narthex is at present used as a church: it measures 139.75 feet by 54.75, the naves are roofless, but the apse is intact
    SMITH, Dict. of Greek and Roman Geog. s. v.; MULLER, Notes a Ptolemy, ed. Didot, I, 646; TOULOTTE, Geog. de l'Afrique chretienne. Proconsulaire (Rennes, 1892), 241-6; DIEHL, L'Afrique byzantine (Paris, 1896), passim.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sicca Venerĭa — (a. Geogr.), Stadt in Numidien, fiel im Jugurthinischen Kriege zuerst unter den numidischen Städten vom König ab. Ihren Beinamen hatte sie von einem daselbst befindlichen Tempel der Venus, wo sich nach phönicischer Sitte Mädchen versammelten,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sicca Veneria — 36.1736118.704167625 Koordinaten: 36° 10′ 25″ N, 8° 42′ 15″ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sicca Veneria — Le Kef Le Kef Administration Pays   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sicca Veneria — stor. Le Kef …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Sicca Veneria (Titularbistum) — Sicca Veneria ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es knüpft an den früheren Bischofssitz der in Nordafrika gelegene Stadt Sicca Veneria an, der im 7. Jahrhundert mit der islamischen Expansion unterging. Die Stadt Sicca Veneria… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SICCA seu SICCA VENERIA — SICCA, seu SICCA VENERIA Ptol. et Procop. Veneria Solino c. 30. colonia et urbs Africae mediterr. media inter Cirtam ad Occasum et Narangaram ad Ortum. Ei sine dubio nomen id Poeni, Phoenicum exemplô, qui Assyrios ac Babylonios imitati sunt, a… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sicca — Ruines de bains romains au pied de la kasbah du Kef Sicca, également connue sous les noms de Sicca Veneria, Colonia Julia Cirta et Cirta Nova, est à l époque romaine une ville de grande importance dans la province de la Numidie proconsulaire.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Apiarius of Sicca — was an African priest convicted by the Bishops of Africa of numerous unspecified crimes in the early 5th century AD, and excommunicated by Bishop Urbanus of Sicca Veneria. In 418 Apiarius appealed his convictions directly to Pope Zosimus (Term of …   Wikipedia

  • Arnobe de Sicca — Arnobe Pour les articles homonymes, voir Arnobe le Jeune. Arnobe (en latin Arnobius), dit l Ancien, est un écrivain latin chrétien né dans la seconde moitié du IIIe siècle à Sicca Veneria en Numidie (Afrique du Nord). Biographie Cette… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • СИККА ВЕНЕРИЯ —    • Sicca Venerĭa,          Σίκκα, вероятно, нынешний Кеф, значительный город Нумидии, лежавший на холме при реке Баградас; римская колония, но первоначальное основание положили финикияне вместе с культом богини Астарты. Sall. Iug. 56. Polib. 1 …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

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