Titular metropolitan see in Macedonia, more correctly Serrhae, is called Siris by Herodotus

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Serrae
    Titular metropolitan see in Macedonia, more correctly Serrhae, is called Siris by Herodotus (VIII, 115), Sirae by Titus Livius (XLV, iv). Inscriptions show the official spelling to have been Sirrha or Sirrhae; the form Serrhae prevailed during the Byzantme period (Hierocles, 639, 10; Stephanius Byzantius, s. v.). The city, now called in Turkish "Sérès", is in Eastern Macedonia, about forty-three miles north-east of Salonica in the plain of Strymon, on the last outposts of the mountains which bound it on the north-east. On his return to the Hellespont, Xerxes left some of his sick followers at Serrae, and here also P. AEmilius Paulus, after his victory at Pydna, received a deputation from Perseus. The city possessed great strategic importance under the Byzantine Empire in the wars against the Serviani and Bulgars. It was captured by the latter in 1206 and recaptured by the Emperor John Dukas in 1245. Later the Servian, Kral Stephen Dushan, captured it in turn, was crowned there im 1345, established a Court on the model of that of Byzantium, and married the daughter of Andronicus II. In 1373 it was captured by a Greek apostate in the service of Sultan Murad I. In 1396, while Sigismund of Hungary was preparing to attack the Ottoman Empire, the Sultan Bayazet had his camp at Sérès, where he assembled his Christian allies shortly before the Battle of Nicopolis. Sérès is now the capital of a sanjak in the vilayet of Salonica. It has about 30,000 inhabitants, of whom 13,000 are Turks and the same number Greeks. It carries on a brisk trade in textile and agricultural products. At first Serrae was a suffragan of Thessalonica, remaining so probably until the eighth century, when Eastern Illyricum was removed from Roman jurisdiction and attached to the Patriarchate of Constantinople. It figures in the "Notitiae episcopatuum" as an autocephalous archdiocese as early as the tenth century; at the end of the next century it had become a metropolitan see without suffragans, and such is still its status for the Greeks. Le Quien (Oriens Christ., II, 87) gives a list of fourteen bishops, but a much more complete list is given in Papageorgiou's article cited in the bibliography. The oldest of these bishops is Maximianus or Maximus, present at the Latrocinium of Ephesus (449) and at the Council of Chalcedon (451). A gap intervenes till the end of the tenth century, when Leontius assisted at a council of Constantinople. Among the other titulars was Nicetas, formerly a deacon ( see Deacons ) of St. Sophia, Constantinople, and eventually Metropolitan of Heraclea (Pontus), at the end of the eleventh century. He was a prolific writer [see Krumbacher, "Gesch. der byzant. Litt." (Munich, 1897), 137 sqq., 211 sqq., 215 sqq., 587, etc.]. Under Michael Palaeologus, a metropolitan of Serrae whose name is unknown was among the advocates of union with Rome. In 1491 Manasses became Patriarch of Constantinople under the name of Maximus. Eubel, "Hierarchia catholica medii aevi", I, 473, mentions two Latin metropolitans: Arnulphus in 1225 and Pontius in 1358.
    SMITH, Dict. of Greek and Roman Geogr., s. v. Siris; BOUTYRAS, Dict. of Hist. and Geogr. (in Greek), VII, 479; LEAKE, Northern Greece, III, 200-210; DEMITSAS, Macedonica (Athens, 1874), 575-587; TOMASCHEK, Zur Kunde der Hamus-Halbinsel (Vienna, 1887), 83; PAPAGEORGIOU in Byzantinische Zeitschrift, III (Munich, 1894), 225-329.
    Transcribed by Joseph E. O'Connor

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SERRAE — Nicet. Cedren. Serres Leuncl. Urbs Archiepiscopalis Macedon. apud Amphipolim, ampla, inter Philippos, et Thessalonicam …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Serrae (Titularerzbistum) — Serrae (ital.: Serre) war ein Titularerzbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es ging zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz in der antiken Stadt Serrai (heute Serres) in der römischen Provinz Macedonia im heutigen Norden Griechenlands.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PRION — I. PRION Getarum Princeps, auxilio Persae contra Aeeten veniens, ab Iasone occisus in proelio. Val. Flac. l. 6. Argon. v. 19. II. PRION Graece Πριὼν, locus Carthagine, apud Polybium. Item Ephesi, apud Strabonem, qui πριῶνα dicit esse collis iugum …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Liste de locutions latines — Cet article contient une liste de locutions latines présentée par ordre alphabétique. Pour des explications morphologiques et linguistiques générales, consulter l article : Expression latine. Sommaire  A   B … …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MACEDONICAE Monarchiae — quisnam post Alexandri M. obitumstatus fuerit, et quot illa in partes dissilierit; his verbis exponit Curtius l. 10. c. 10. Perdicca perductô in urbem exercitu, consilium principum virorum habuit, in quo imperium ita dividi placuit, ut rex quidem …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • SERRATI Bigatique nummi — memorantur Tacito in German. c. 5. cum ait, Germani pecuniam probant veterem et diu notam, Serratos bigatosque. E quibus, quid Bigati sint, notum, nummi videl. bigis, i. e. duobus equis currui iunctis, notati: Quemadmodum Quadrigati dicti sunt,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Patriarch Gennadios II of Constantinople — Gennadius II (in Greek Γεννάδιος Β ) (lay name Georgios Kourtesios Scholarios, in Greek Γεώργιος Κουρτέσιος Σχολάριος) (c. 1400 ndash; c. 1473), Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1454 to 1464, philosopher and theologian, was one of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Serres — Infobox Greek Dimos name = Serres name local = Σέρρες periph = Central Macedonia prefec = Serres population = 56145 population as of = 2001 area = 252.973 elevation = 50 lat deg = 41 lat min = 5 lon deg = 23 lon min = 33 postal code = 621 xx area …   Wikipedia

  • Philotheos Bryennios — (March 26 (Old Style) 1833 1914 or 1918) was a Greek Orthodox metropolitan of Nicomedia, and the discoverer in 1873 of an important manuscript with copies of early Church documents.Born in Constantinople, he was educated at the theological school …   Wikipedia

  • List of municipalities and communities in Greece — This is an alphabetical list of municipalities and communities in Greece. For an ordered list of cities with population over 30,000 see List of cities in Greece. A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T V X Y Z See also A Name Greek name Prefecture A …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”