Rottenburg


Rottenburg
Rottenburg
Diocese; suffragan of the ecclesiastical Province of the Upper Rhine

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Rottenburg
    Rottenburg
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Rottenburg
    (ROTTENBURGENSIS).
    Diocese; suffragan of the ecclesiastical Province of the Upper Rhine. It embraces the Kingdom of Wurtemberg, three parishes in the Grand Duchy of Baden, and one parish in the Prussian territory of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
    The diocese is divided into 29 deaneries, and in 1911 contained 698 parishes, 19 Pfarrkuratien (incorporated churches with an independent care of souls), 164 chaplaincies, and 155 other pastoral charges; 1084 active and 75 pensioned secular clergy; and 728,000 Catholics. The cathedral chapter, which enjoys the right of electing the bishops, consists of a cathedral dean and vicar-general, six capitulars, and six cathedral prebendaries. The bishop, cathedral dean, and the six capitulars constitute also the ordinariate; the legal adviser of the ordinariate is the syndicus, a lay official who is likewise director of the chancellery of the ordinariate, consisting of six members. The rights of the State circa sacra are entrusted to a royal Catholic church council, which is composed of a director, two clerical, and several lay members. The diocesan institutions are: the priests' seminary at Rottenburg, with a regent, viceregent, and a Repetent, or private tutor; the theological college "Wilhelmsstift" at Tübingen with a director and 7 Repetenten, supported by the State, and placed under the supervision of the bishop and church council; the gymnasial boarding-schools at Ehingen and Rottweil, also maintained by the State: the diocesan boys' seminaries at Rottenburg and Mergentheim. Theological students are trained partly in the "Wilhelmsstift" and partly in the theological faculty of University of Tübingen, which has four ordinary and three extraordinary clerical professors. The "Theologische Quartalschrift", the oldest theological periodical in Germany, is published by the professors of the theological faculty. Priests also act as instructors in the private boarding schools at Ehingen, Ellwangen, and Rottweil, which are under the patronage of the bishop, as well as in the twenty-four State intermediate schools (Gymnasien, Realschulen, Lateinschulen etc.).
    Despite every effort on the part of the Catholics, the male religious orders have not yet been readmitted into the Kingdom of Wurtemberg. In 1910 the following orders and congregations of women had establishments in the diocese: the Congregation of the Third Order of St. Francis, who have a mother-house at Bonlanden, a boarding school, and two branches (116 sisters); the Sisters of St. Francis from Heiligenbronn, with a mother-house and two branches (188 sisters), who conduct an institute for the rescue, education, and boarding of poor neglected girls, an institute for boys, and a children's home; the School Sisters of Our Blessed Lady, with a mother-house at Ravensburg and one branch (79 sisters); the Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis, from Reute, who have 103 nursing establishments, schools for manual work, and schools for children (783 sisters); the School Sisters of the Order of St. Francis, who have a mother-house at Siessen and 30 branches (373 sisters), and conduct several high schools for girls, and numerous public schools and schools for manual work; the Sisters of Mercy of St. Vincent de Paul, who have a mother-house at Untermarchtal and 127 branches (1245 sisters), and, besides nursing the sick, conduct schools for children, and schools for manual training, homes for working women, boarding schools, and rescue institutions; the Sisters of the Holy Cross, from Strasburg, Alsace, who have one establishment with 13 sisters. There are also in the diocese 11 ecclesiastical boarding schools for poor children and one royal orphanage under religious direction. Of the numerous Catholic churches notable from the artistic standpoint may be mentioned: the Cathedral of St. Martin at Rottenburg, a three-naved Gothic basilica, which was completely renovated after the fire of 1644 (a new cathedral is being planned by the present bishop); the late roman Church of St. John at Gmund (thirteenth century); the Gothic parish church of Gmund (1351-1410); the church of the former Benedictine Monastery of Ellwangen, the largest Romanesque church in the country (1124); the parish church of Weingarten; the "Sankt Petersdom Württembergs", erected in the Baroque style by the Benedictines (1738-53); the Gothic Church of Our Lady, Stuttgart (1879). Of the churches which were formerly Catholic, but which now are Protestant (Protestantism), the most important is the Gothic cathedral at Ulm (1377-1494), which has the highest church tower in the world (over 528 feet). Much frequented places of pilgrimage are Weingarten, Weggental, near Rottenburg; Reute, with the grave of Blessed Elizabeth Bona; the Schönberg, near Ellwangen, the Dreifaltigkeitsberg, near Spaichingen. Concerning the erection and beginnings of the diocese, see PROVINCE OF THE UPPER RHINE; concerning its further history and the relations between the Catholic Church and the State, see WÜRTEMBERG. It will be sufficient here to give a list of the bishops: Johann Baptist von Keller (1828-45), the first bishop; Joseph von Lipp (1848-69); Karl Joseph von Hefele (1869-93); Wilhelm von Reiser (1893-98); Franz Xaver von Linsenmann, d. 21 Sept., 1898, before his consecration; Paul Wilhelm von Keppler (elected 11 Nov., 1898; consecrated 18 Jan., 1899).
    Die kathol, Kirchengesetze fur das Bistum Rottenburg, ed. LANG (Rottenburg, 1836); GOLTHER, Der Staat u. die kathol. Kirche im Konigreich Wurttemberg (Stuttgart, 1874); cf. therewith RUMELIN, Reden und Aufsatze, new series (Freiburg, 1881), 205-77; RUCKGABER, Die Diozese Rottenburg u. ihre Anklager (Tübingen 1869); Die kathol. Kirche unserer Zeit, II (Munich, 1900), 97-102; NEHER, Die kathol. u. evangel. Geistlichen Wurttembergs, 1813-1901 (Ravensburg, 1904); Personalkatalog des Bistums Rottenb. (Rottenburg, 1910); Diozesanarchiv von Schwaben (Stuttgart, 1882 ); concerning the churches see KEPPLER, Wurttembergs kirchl. Kunstaltertumer (Rottenburg, 1888); Das Konigreich Wurttemberg, ed. by the NATIONAL OFFICE OF STATISTICS, 4 vols., 2nd ed. (Stuttgart, 1904-7); Kunst und Altertumsdenkmale im Konigreich Wurttemberg (Esslingen, up to 1909), 60 parts.
    JOSEPH LINS
    Transcribed by Joseph E. O'Connor

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rottenburg — heißen die Orte Rottenburg am Neckar im Landkreis Tübingen in Baden Württemberg Rottenburg an der Laaber im Landkreis Landshut in Bayern Rottenburg ist der Familienname Rottenburg (Adelsgeschlecht), tiroler Adelsfamilie sowie folgender Personen:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rottenburg — Rottenburg, 1) Landgerichtim baierischen Kreise Niederbaiern; 7 QM., 16,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt darin, an der Großen Laber; 700 Ew.; dabei das 1632 von den Schweden zerstörte Bergschloß R.; 3) Oberamt im württembergischen Schwarzwaldkreise; 4,4 QM …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rottenburg — Rottenburg, 1) Flecken und Bezirkshauptort im bayr. Regbez. Niederbayern, an der Großen Laber und der Staatsbahnlinie Landshut R., hat eine kath. Kirche, ein Amtsgericht, Hopfenbau und (1905) 1249 Einw. – 2) Oberamtsstadt im württemberg.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rottenburg — Rottenburg. 1) R. an der Laber, Bezirksort im bayr. Reg. Bez. Niederbayern, (1905) 1250 E., Amtsgericht; hier 21. April 1809 Gefecht zwischen Österreichern und Franzosen. – 2) R. am Neckar, Oberamtsstadt im württemb. Schwarzwaldkreis, l. am… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rottenburg [2] — Rottenburg, Franz Johannes von, Staatsmann, geb. 16. März 1845 in Danzig, trat 1876 in das Auswärtige Amt in Berlin, 1881 Rat in der Reichskanzlei, 1891 Unterstaatssekretär im Reichsamt des Innern, 1896 Kurator der Universität Bonn; schrieb: »Vom …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rottenburg — Rottenburg, württemb. Oberamtsstadt am Neckar, 2 St. von Tübingen, ist Bischofs sitz, hat mit dem jenseits des Neckars liegenden Ehingen 7000 E.; Acker , Wein und Hopfenbau, Strafanstalt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Rottenburg a. N. — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rottenburg — Rọttenburg,   Name von geographischen Objekten:    1) Rọttenburg, katholisches Bistum, 1821 für das Gebiet des Königreiches Württemberg errichtet (Inthronisation des ersten Bischofs 1828), womit die württembergische Forderung nach einem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rottenburg — The name Rottenburg can refer to:* The family of Rottenburg * The German town Rottenburg am Neckar * The German town Rottenburg an der Laaber See also * Rottenberg * Rotenberg, Rothenberg * Rotenburg, Rothenburg (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Rottenburg — Original name in latin Rottenburg Name in other language State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 48.47629 latitude 8.93528 altitude 349 Population 42721 Date 2013 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.