Romulus Augustulus
Romulus Augustulus
Deposed in the year 476, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Romulus Augustulus
    Romulus Augustulus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Romulus Augustulus
    Deposed in the year 476, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire. His reign was purely nominal. After the murder of Valentinian III (455) the Theodosian dynasty was extinct in Western Europe and the Suevian Ricimer, a grandson of Wallia, a king of the West Goths, governed the Western Empire for sixteen years as its real ruler. Like Stilicho and Aetius he raised five shadowy emperors to the throne and then deposed them, partly in agreement with the Eastern Empire. After his death in 472 his nephew Gundobad succeeded. At Ravenna Gundobad appointed the soldier Glycerius as emperor, but Leo, the Eastern Roman Emperor, chose Julius Nepos, a relative of Empress Verina, who had succeeded his uncle Marcellinus as Governor of Dalmatia. Nepos advanced with the fleet to Ravenna and forced Glycerius to become Bishop of Salona. Leo's successor, Zeno the Isaurian, withdrew the fleet which Nepos had had, and thus the latter was forced to depend upon his own resources, while the turmoil in Rome and Gaul constantly increased. Nepos appointed Orestes "magister militum" and made him a patrician. Orestes had been minister of Attila, after whose death he had come to Rome. Nepos commissioned Orestes to advance into Gaul to restore order with the troops still available. Orestes however prevailed upon the mercenaries to march against Ravenna instead of going to Gaul. Nepos fled to Dalmatia while Orestes entered Ravenna on 28 August, 475.
    Orestes allowed two months to pass without appointing a new emperor, and the troops growing impatient proclaimed his son. On account of the boy's youth (he was only thirteen years old) he was called Augustulus, the little emperor. The administration was carried on cautiously and shrewdly by Orestes. He obtained the recognition of his son by the emperor of the Eastern Empire, made treaties for the protection of Italy with the German princes in Africa, Gaul, and Spain, and thus gained a few years of peace for the country. However, the German warriors in his army, who had driven out the Emperor Nepos in the belief that they would receive grants of land, now demanded a third of the territory of Italy, according to the custom existing in the Roman army. When Orestes refused the troops mutinied under the leadership of the Skyrian Odoacer. Orestes advanced against them, but was obliged to fall back on Pavia, which city was stormed by Odoacer; Orestes was taken prisoner and beheaded at Piacenza in 476. Odoacer was proclaimed king by his troops and marched against Ravenna where Romulus waited in fear. Odoacer spared his life, gave him a year's income, and sent him with his relatives to Cape Misenum opposite Baia. Odoacer now reigned as first King of Italy, while three deposed emperors dragged out inglorious and powerless lives: Romulus Augustulus in private life on his estate in Campania, Glycerius as Bishop of Salona, and Julius Nepos as commander in Dalmatia. The Roman Empire of the West had ceased, and the conception of imperial power was henceforth exclusively connected with the person of the Eastern emperor.
    NITZSCH, Deutsche Gesch., I, VON RANKE, Weltgeschichte, IV, PFEILSCHIFTER, Theodorich der Grosse in Weltgesch. in Karakterbildern (Mainz, 1910).
    Transcribed by Joseph E. O'Connor

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Romulus Augustulus — Romŭlus Augustŭlus, letzter Kaiser des Weström. Reichs (475 476), Sohn des Partiziers Orestes, von Odoaker entthront …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Romulus Augustulus — Romulus Augustulus, Sohn des röm. Feldherrn Orestes, 475 nach Chr. Kaiser, aber schon 476 von Odoaker gestürzt, der diesen letzten und jugendlichen Kaiser des weström. Reichs mit einer Pension nach Campanien verwies …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Romulus Augustulus — Tremissis des Romulus Augustulus; 475/76 Romulus Augustulus (eigentlich Romulus Augustus;[1] * um 460; † nach 476) war der letzte Kaiser des Weströmischen Reiches, der in Italien herrschte. Letzter von Ostrom anerkannter Kaiser war jedoch sein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Romulus Augustulus — (fifth century)    Last of the Roman emperors of the western part of the empire, Romulus Augustulus, or in full Flavius Momyllus Romulus Augustus, assumed the imperial throne while still a boy and reigned from October 31, 475, until August 28,… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Romulus Augustulus — ▪ Roman emperor in full  Flavius Momyllus Romulus Augustulus  flourished 5th century AD       known to history as the last of the Western Roman emperors (475–476). In fact, he was a usurper and puppet not recognized as a legitimate ruler by the… …   Universalium

  • Romulus Augustulus —    Last western emperor (q.v.), who reigned from 475 476. He came to power after the overthrow of Julius Nepos (q.v.). His own overthrow by Odoacer (q.v.) in 476 long provided the traditional date for the end of the Roman Empire. In reality, the… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Deposition of Romulus Augustulus — Romulus Augustulus, the last Western Roman Emperor, surrenders the crown to Odoacer. Participants Odoacer Fl …   Wikipedia

  • Orestes (father of Romulus Augustulus) — For other uses, see Orestes (disambiguation). Orestes[1] (died 28 August AD 476) was a Roman general and politician, who was briefly in control of the Western Roman Empire in 475–6. Contents 1 Early life 2 Short reign …   Wikipedia

  • Ромул Августул (Romulus Augustulus) — последний император в 475—476 Западной Римской империи; свергнут Одоакром …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • Romulus der Grosse — Romulus der Große ist eine Komödie von Friedrich Dürrenmatt aus dem Jahr 1949. Sie spielt vom Morgen des 15. bis zum Morgen des 16. März 476 in der Villa des Kaisers Romulus in Campanien. Sie kreist um den Untergang des weströmischen Imperiums im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”