Quadragesima
Quadragesima
Denotes a season of preparation by fasting and prayer, to imitate the example of Christ

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Quadragesima
    Quadragesima
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Quadragesima
    (Lat., the fortieth).
    Quadragesima denotes a season of preparation by fasting and prayer, to imitate the example of Christ (Matt., iv). Several such were observed by the early Christians, viz. before Christmas, Easter, and the feast of St. John the Baptist; the Greeks had four, the Maronites six, and the Armenians eight (Du Cange, "Gloss."). The major, before Easter, is commonly known. It is mentioned in the fifth canon of the Council of Nicæa, in the sixty-ninth of the Apostolic Canons, and in the Pilgrimage of Ætheria (Duchesne, 499). In the Anglo-Saxon Church Mass was said on the weekdays of Quadragesima late in the afternoon and food was taken only near sunset (Rock, IV, 76). According to the Roman Rite, the feriæ of this time, beginning with Ash Wednesday, are major (see FERIA). The season has a proper preface. In ferial masses a special oration is added after the ordinary postcommunion, with the invitation: "Humiliate capita vestra Deo". Octaves are forbidden, and if, by special concession, they are allowed they must be interrupted on Sundays. The first Sunday of Lent, known as Invocabit from the first word of the Introit, is for the Greeks a commemoration of the veneration of images (19 Feb., 842). For Gaul it was the jour de bures or fête deu brandons and for Germany Funkentag or Hallfeuer, because on that day the young people ran about the streets with burning torches (Nilles, II, 102). The second Sunday, Reminiscere, was marked by the Greeks as vacat (Nilles, II, 122). The third Sunday, Oculi, was for the Greeks Adoratio Crucis with a ceremony similar to that of the Latins on Good Friday. For the Bohemians it was the Ned. Kychávná in memory of the sneezing plague at the end of the sixth century and of Litania septiformis of Gregory the Great. The remaining Sundays Lætare, Passion and Palm Sunday (q.v.). (See also LENT; SEPTUAGESIMA.)
    ROCK, Church of Our Fathers (London, 1904); DUCHESNE, Christian Worship (London. 1904), KELLNER, Heortologie (Freiburg, 1906, tr. London and St. Louis, 1908); BENGER, Pastoraltheologie, III (Ratisbon, 1863), 201; BINTERIM, Denkwürdigkeiten, V, 1, 169), NILLES, Kalendarium manuale (Innsbruck, 1897).
    FRANCIS MERSHMAN
    Transcribed by Wm Stuart French, Jr.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • QUADRAGESIMA — Graecis Τεσσαρακοςτὴ, vectigalis species fuit, apud Romanos quod non de rebus venalibus, sed litibus, summisque controversis, pendi solebat, apud Sueton. in Calig. c. 40. Item telonii nomen seu portorii Publicanis pendi soliti, quod cum aliis… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Quadragesima — Quad ra*ges i*ma, n. [L., fr. quadragesimus the fortieth, fr. quadraginta forty; akin to quattuor four. See {Four}.] (Eccl.) The forty days of fast preceding Easter; Lent. [1913 Webster] {Quadragesima Sunday}, the first Sunday in Lent, about… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Quadragesima — may refer to:* Lent, the Christian period of fasting, prayer and alsmgiving * Quadragesima Sunday …   Wikipedia

  • quadragesima — /kwadra dʒɛzima/ s.f. [dal lat. quadragesĭma, der. di quadragesĭmus quarantesimo ], non com. (eccles.) [nella liturgia cattolica, periodo di penitenza di quaranta giorni prima della Pasqua] ▶◀ quaresima …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • quadragésima — s. f. 1. Período de quarenta dias. 2.  [Antigo] Quaresma. 3. domingo da Quadragésima: o primeiro domingo da Quaresma …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Quadragesima — [kwä΄drə jā′zi mə, kwä΄drəjes′imə] n. [LL(Ec) < fem. of L quadragesimus, fortieth < quadraginta, forty < base of quattuor,FOUR] old name for former 1. Obs. the forty days of Lent 2. the first Sunday in Lent: also Quadragesima Sunday …   English World dictionary

  • Quadragesĭma — (lat.), 1) der 40. Theil; von den Kaisern. eingeführte Abgabe, daß 1/40 als Zoll an das Ärarium gezahlt wurde; 2) Verlag der streitenden Parteien, bestand in 1/40 von dem Streitobject; 3) so v.w. Fastenzeit, weil dieselbe Anfangs 40 Stunden,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Quadragesĭma — (lat.), der »vierzigste« Tag vor Ostern, andrer Name des Sonntags Invocavit (s. d.), von dem an bis zum Karfreitag 40 Tage sind. Er fällt bereits in die Fastenzeit, die ebenfalls Q. oder Quadragesimale genannt wird (s. Fasten) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Quadragesima — Quadragesĭma (lat.), der 40. Tag vor Karfreitag, d.h. der Sonntag Invokavit, mit welchem die 40 tägige Fastenzeit (Quadragesimāle) beginnt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Quadragesima — Quadragesima, lat., die 40tägige Fastenzeit; Sonntag Q. e, der 6. Sonntag vor Ostern (Invocavit) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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