Omission
Omission
The failure to do something one can and ought to do

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Omission
    Omission
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Omission
    (Latin omittere, to lay aside, to pass away).
    "Omission" is here taken to be the failure to do something one can and ought to do. If this happens advertently and freely a sin is committed. Moralists took pains formerly to show that the inaction implied in an omission was quite compatible with a breach of the moral law, for it is not merely because a person here and now does nothing that he offends, but because he neglects to act under circumstances in which he can and ought to act. The degree of guilt incurred by an omission is measured like that attaching to sins of commission, by the dignity of the virtue and the magnitude of the precept to which the omission is opposed as well as the amount of deliberation. In general, according to St. Thomas, the sin of omission consisting as it does in a leaving out of good is less grievous than a sin of commission which involves a positive taking up with evil. There are, of course, cases in which on account of the special subject matter and circumstances it may happen that an omission is more heinous. It may be asked at what time one incurs the guilt of a sin of omission in case he fails to do something which he is unable to do, by reason of a cause for which he is entirely responsible. For instance, if a person fails to perform a duty in the morning as a result of becoming inebriated the previous night. The guilt is not incurred at the time the duty should be performed because while intoxicated he is incapable of moral guilt. The answer seems to be that he becomes responsible for the omission when having sufficiently foreseen that his neglect will follow upon his intoxication he does nevertheless surrender himself to his craving for liquor.
    RICKABY, Aquinas Ethicus (London, 1896); BOUQUILLON, Theologia moralis fundamentalis (Bruges, 1903); St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica (Turin, 1885).
    JOSEPH F. DELANY
    Transcribed by Anne Musgrave

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • omission — [ ɔmisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1350; bas lat. omissio ♦ Le fait, l action d omettre (qqch.), de ne pas dire, de ne pas faire (qqch.). L omission d un détail par un témoin. Pécher par omission. Mensonge par omission. ♢ Chose omise. Omission volontaire;… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • omission — omis·sion /ō mi shən/ n 1: something neglected, left out, or left undone 2: the act, fact, or state of leaving something out or failing to do something esp. that is required by duty, procedure, or law liable for a criminal act or omission Merriam …   Law dictionary

  • omission — o‧mis‧sion [əʊˈmɪʆn, ə ǁ oʊ , ə ] ➔ error of omission * * * omission UK US /əʊˈmɪʃən/ noun [C or U] ► the fact of not including something that should have been included, or the thing that is not included: »We are not responsible for the omission …   Financial and business terms

  • Omission — may refer to: Omission (Catholicism), a Catholic sin Omission (criminal law) Omission bias Purposeful omission, a literary method See also Lie Mathematical proof Logical proof Argument Professional negligence Contract law Insurance contracts …   Wikipedia

  • Omission — (von lateinisch omittere: „auslassen, unterlassen“, auch Abszission) ist ein Stilmittel der Rhetorik der Lyrik und der Prosa. In der Ästhetik wird eine Trope oder ein Symbol mit negativer oder positiver Appellfunktion als Omission bezeichnet.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Omission — O*mis sion, n. [L. omissio: cf. F. omission. See {Omit}.] 1. The act of omitting; neglect or failure to do something required by propriety or duty. [1913 Webster] The most natural division of all offenses is into those of omission and those of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Omission — (v. lat.), 1) Weglassung, z.B. beim Conto corrente das Weglassen einer Post; 2) Unterlassung; 3) Entsagung, z.B. O. der Erbschaft …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Omission — (lat.), Weglassung; Unterlassung …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Omission — Omission, lat. deutsch, Weglassung, Unterlassung; omissio hereditatis Verzicht auf die Erbschaft; omissum, Auslassung eines Wortes etc …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • omission — (n.) late 14c., from L. omissionem (nom. omissio) an omitting, noun of action from pp. stem of omittere (see OMIT (Cf. omit)). Related: Omissible …   Etymology dictionary

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