Lydda
Lydda
A titular see of Palestina Prima in the Patriarchate of Jerusalem

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Lydda
    Lydda
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Lydda
    A titular see of Palestina Prima in the Patriarchate of Jerusalem. The town was formerly called Lod, and was founded by Samad of the tribe of Benjamin (I Par., viii, 12). Some of its inhabitants were taken in captivity to Babylon, and some of them returned later (I Esd., ii, 33; II Esd., vii, 37; xi, 34). About the middle of the second century B.C., the city was given by the kings of Syria to the Machabees, who held it until the coming of Pompey to Judea (I Mach., xi, 34, 57; Josephus, "Antiquities", XIV, x, 6). Julius Caesar in 48 B.C. gave Lydda to the Jews, but Cassius in 44 sold the inhabitants, who two years later were set at liberty by Antony (Josephus, "Jewish War", I, xi, 2; "Antiquities", XIV xii, 2-5). The city also experienced civil wars and the revolt of the Jews against the Romans in the first century of our era; it was then officially called Diospolis, but the popular name always remained Lod or Lydda. There were Christians in this locality from the first, and St. Peter, having come to visit them, there cured the paralytic Eneas (Acts, ix, 32-5). The earliest known bishop is Aetius, a friend of Arius; the episcopal title of Lydda has existed since that time in the Creek Patriarchate of Jerusalem. In December, 415, a council was held here which absolved the heretic Pelagius, at the same time condemning his errors. Lydda has been surnamed Georgiopolis in honour of the martyr St. George, who is said to have been a native of this town. The pilgrim Theodosius is the first to mention (about 530) the tomb of the martyr. A magnificent church erected above this tomb, was rebuilt by the Crusaders, and partly restored in modern times by the Greeks, to whom the sanctuary belongs. On the arrival of the Crusaders in 1099 Lydda became the seat of a Latin see, many of whose titulars are known. At present the city contains 6800 inhabitants, of whom 4800 are Mussulmans ( see Mohammed and Mohammedanism ), 2000 schismatic Greeks and a few Protestants (Protestantism). The Catholics have a parish of 250 faithful in the neighboring town of Ramléh.
    LEQUIEN, Oriens Christ., III, 581-8, 1271-6; DU CANGE, Les Familles d'Outremer (Paris, 1869), 799-802; EUBEL, Hierarchia catholica, I (Munich, 1898), 318: II (1901), 196; GUERIN, Description de la Palestine: Judee, I, 322-34; SCHURER, Gesch, des jud. Volkes, I and II, passim; VIGOUROUX, Dict. De la Bible, s.v.
    S. VAILHÉ
    Transcribed by Marjorie Bravo-Leerabhandh

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LYDDA — (Heb. לֹד, Lod), town in the coastal plain of Israel, 10 mi. (16 km.) S.E. of Tel Aviv Jaffa. Lydda first appears in the Canaanite period (1465 B.C.E.) when it is mentioned in Thutmosis III s list of towns in Canaan. According to the Talmud (Meg …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lydda — Lydda, Stadt im Stamme Benjamin, so v.w. Diospolis 5) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lydda — Lydda, früherer Name von Diospolis (s. d. 3) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lydda — [lid′ə] LOD * * * …   Universalium

  • LYDDA — Palaestinae urbs, Ptol. alio nomine Diospolis, hodie Roma Castaldo, et S. Georgio: versus oram Iudaeae Occ. Ioppae proxima, inde 10. mill. pass. Hierosolymam versus 30. inter Nicopolim et Antipatrida, Episcopal. sub Archiep. Caesariensi. Plin. l …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Lydda — [lid′ə] LOD …   English World dictionary

  • Lydda — Lod (Israël) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lod. Lod (he) לוד (ar) اللد …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lydda — Lod Basisdaten hebräisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lydda — An important commercial centre, 18 km. (11 miles) SE of Joppa. Some of the returning exiles settled at Lydda (Lod; Ezra 2:33). After being outside Judaea, it was returned to Jonathan and the Jews by King Demetrius in 145 BCE (1 Macc. 11:34) and… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Lydda —    A town in the tribe of Ephraim, mentioned only in the New Testament (Acts 9:32, 35, 38) as the scene of Peter s miracle in healing the paralytic AEneas. It lay about 9 miles east of Joppa, on the road from the sea port to Jerusalem. In the Old …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”