Anaphora
Anaphora
A liturgical term in the Greek Rite

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Anaphora
    Anaphora
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Anaphora
    (Gr., ànaphorá, offering, sacrifice).
    A liturgical term in the Greek Rite. It is variously used in the liturgies of the Greek Orient to signify that part of the service which corresponds substantially to the Latin Canon of the Mass. It also signifies the offering of Eucharistic bread; the large veil (see AER) that covers the same, and the procession in which the offering is brought to the altar (Brightman).
    1. In the Greek Rite the Anaphoras are numerous while in the Roman Rite the Canon of the Mass is from time immemorial quite invariable. The Greek Anaphora is substantially of apostolic origin, though in its present form it dates from the end of the fourth or the beginning of the fifth century when St. Basil the Great and St. John Chrysostom (respectively) shortened the liturgy that until then was very long and fatiguing. The term is of much importance, given its antiquity, for the demonstration of the sacrificial character of the Holy Mass (see Cabrol, 1911-13; Probst, 240, 325).
    2. In the Eastern or Greek Church the Offertory is a more deliberate and impressive ceremony than in the Roman Rite. The priest accompanied by the deacon ( see Deacons ) and the acolytes and censer­bearers, goes to the prothesis (a small side altar where the proskomide is performed) and they solemnly bring the blessed bread and wine through the small diaconal door of the iconostasis and proceed to the centre of the church or at least directly in front of the royal doors, where, turning to the people and holding the sacred gifts in their hands they pray successively for the ecclesiastical and secular authorities. In the Greek Orthodox Church prayers are said for the emperor or king, the Holy Synod, and the various church dignitaries. In the Greek Catholic Church these prayers are said for the Pope, the Archbishop, Emperor, King, etc., using the same words. The priest and deacon ( see Deacons ) then proceed solemnly to the altar bearing the Sacred Elements through the royal doors. This part of the Greek Mass is called the Great Entrance. After the paten and chalice have been placed on the altar the priest completes the Offertory with this prayer: "Receive also the prayer of us sinners and cause it to approach Thy Holy Altar, and strengthen us to present gifts and spiritual sacrifices unto Thee for our sins and the ignorances of the people, and count us worthy to find grace before Thee; that our sacrifice may be acceptable unto Thee; and that the spirit of Thy grace may rest upon us and upon these gifts presented, and upon all Thy people".
    (See CONSECRATION; MASS; PREFACE; GREEK RITE.)
    Many of the Oriental Anapohoras may be read in RENAUDOT, Liturgiarum Orientalium Collectio (Frankfort ed., 1847); GOAR, Euchologium, sive Rituale Græcarum (2d ed., Venice, 1730); J. A. ASSUMANI, Codex Liturgicus (Rome, 1754). Cf. also LEBRUN, Explication littérale, etc., de la Messe (Liege, 1781); NEALE, A History of the Holy Eastern Church (London, 1850), I, 461; BRIGHTMAN, Liturgies, Eastern adn Western (Oxford, 1906), passim; PROBST, Liturgie der drei ersten christl. Jahrhunderte (Tübingen, 1870); RENI, Gesch. des Mess­Opferbegriffs (Freising, 1901), I, 311-524; Dict. d'arch. chrét., I, 1898-1919; PARRINO, La Messa Greca, (Palermo, 1904), 35.
    ANDREW J. SHIPMAN
    Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anaphora — A*naph o*ra, n. [L., fr. Gr. anafora , fr. anafe rein to carry up or back; ana + fe rein to carry.] (Rhet.) 1. A repetition of a word or of words at the beginning of two or more successive clauses. [1913 Webster] 2. the use of a substitute word,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anaphora — in general is used of coreferential relations, where one element in a sentence takes its meaning or reference from another. In ‘John said that it would rain, but I don’t believe it’ the last ‘it’ refers back to what John said. In the study in… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • anaphora — (n.) repetition of a word or phrase in successive clauses, 1580s, from Latin, from Gk. anaphora reference, lit. a carrying back, from anapherein to carry back, to bring up, from ana back (see ANA (Cf. ana )) + pherein to bear (see INFER (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • Anaphŏra — (gr., Aufsteigen, Emporbringen, Richtung auf ein Ziel, Beziehung), 1) (att. Rechtsw.), das Zurückschieben einer Beschuldigung auf einen Andern; 2) Berufung auf einen Zeugen od. eine andere Autorität; 3) (Anapher, lat. Repetitio, Rhet.), Figur,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anaphŏra — Anaphŏra, 1) (Canon missae), in der Griechischen Kirche der Theil der Abendmahlsliturgie, wo die Consecration der Abendmahlselemente geschieht; 2) Buch, worin die Abendmahlsliturgie enthalten ist …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anáphora — (griech., Anápher, »Zurückbringung«), in der Rhetorik die nachdrucksvolle Wiederholung eines oder mehrerer Worte im Anfang mehrerer aufeinander folgender Sätze, z. B. Körners »Vater, ich rufe dich, Vater, erhöre mich!« …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anaphora — Anaphŏra (Anápher, grch.), rhetorische Figur; nachdrucksvolle Wiederholung derselben Worte zu Anfang mehrerer aufeinander folgender Sätze …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anaphora — Anaphora, rhetor. Figur, die nachdrückliche Wiederholung desselben Wortes im Anfange mehrerer auf einander folgender Sätze …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • anaphora — [ə naf′ə rə] n. [L < Gr < ana , up, back + pherein, to BEAR1] repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses, lines of verse, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Anaphora — Die Anaphora (lat. repetitio) ist eine musikalisch rhetorische Figur und bezeichnet eine fortlaufende Wiederholung eines Themas, oder Figur in verschiedenen folgenden Sätzen, die den Affekt des Nachdrucks mit sich bringen soll. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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