Ammon
Ammon
The supreme divinity of the Egyptian pantheon

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Ammon
    Ammon
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Ammon
    (Egyptian Amun or Amen, "the hidden one". Hebrew Amon, Greek Ammon).
    The supreme divinity of the Egyptian pantheon. He was originally only the chief god of the city of Thebes, but later his worship became predominant in Egypt and extended even to Lybia and Ethiopia. Thebes, however, always remained the centre of his worship, whence it was called Ne amun, "the city of Amun", Hebrew No-Amon (Nahum 3:8, Hebrew text), and the god himself is designated by Jeremias (46:25, Hebrew text) as Anon min No (Ammon of No, i.e. Thebes).
    Ammon was worshipped under several names with different attributes. As Ammon-Ra, he was the sun god, with his chief temple at Thebes; as Khem or Min, he was the god of reproduction; as Khnum, he was the creator of all things, "the maker of gods and men". In the latter character he was represented with the head of a ram, the animal sacred to him, or simply with ram's horns; under this form Ammon was best known to classical writers, who always attribute horns to him. The chief temple of Khnum was in the oasis of Ammon (now Siwah), where Alexander the Great worshipped him. The Greeks and Romans identified Ammon with Zeus or Jupiter (Zeus Ammon, Jupiter Ammon), whence the name Diospolis, City of Zeus, given to Thebes by the Greeks.
    Wiedemann, Religion of the Ancient Egyptians (London, 1897); Vigouroux, La Bible et les découv. mod. 6th ed. (Paris, 1897), II, 513 sqq.; Pierret, Dict. d'archéologie. 35, 270, 519.
    F. BECHTEL
    Transcribed by Annie Amos (Submitted by Nina Smart, Simon Fraser University)

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Ammon — or Ammonites (Hebrew Name|עַמּוֹן|ʻAmmon|ʻAmmôn| People ), also referred to in the Bible as the children of Ammon, were a people (also known from Assyrian and other records) living east of the Jordan river whose origin the Old Testament traces to …   Wikipedia

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  • Ammon — AMMON, ónis, Gr. Ἄμμων, ωνος. 1 §. Namen. Den Namen dieses ägyptischen Gottes, welcher insgemein für der Griechen Ζεὺς, und der Römer Jupiter gehalten wird, führen einige her von ἄμμος, der Sand, weil er zuerst in einer Sandwüsten gesehen worden …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • ammon — (corne d ) (a mmon) Voy. ammonite.    ÉTYM. Ammon est le surnom de Jupiter, adoré dans un temple situé au milieu des déserts de la Libye. Les Grecs ont tiré ce mot d un terme signifiant sable ; mais ils se sont laissés aller à leur habitude de… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Ammon — Ammon, ID U.S. city in Idaho Population (2000): 6187 Housing Units (2000): 1947 Land area (2000): 2.923906 sq. miles (7.572882 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.923906 sq. miles (7.572882 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ammon — dans la Bible, fils de Loth, frère de Moab (V. Ammonites). Ammon ou Amon dieu principal de Thèbes, que les prêtres égyptiens identifièrent avec Rê …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ammon — {{Ammon}} Der ägyptische Sonnengott Amun Ra wurde von den Griechen mit Zeus* gleichgesetzt; seit die Priester des Ammon Orakels in der Oase Siwa Alexander 331 v. Chr. als Sohn ihres Gottes gegrüßt hatten, rühmte sich dieser seiner göttlichen… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Ammon — Ammon1 [am′ən] n. [L < Gr Ammōn < Egypt Åmen] Gr. & Latin name for AMON Ammon2 [am′ən] n. [Heb amon, lit., prob., populous] Bible a son of Lot: Gen. 19:38 Ammon3 [am′ən] an ancient kingdom east of the Dead Sea Ammonite [Am′ənīt΄] …   English World dictionary

  • Ammon — † Ammon, 6) Friedrich Wilhelm Philipp v. A., Professor der Theologie u. Stadtpfarrer in Erlangen, starb 19. Sept. 1855; er schr. noch: Geiler von Kaisersbergs Leben, Lehren u. Predigten, Erl. 1826 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ammon — (Amun), Hauptgottheit der alten Ägypter, ursprünglich Lokalgott von Theben (»Ammonstadt«), später mit dem Sonnengott Re identifiziert (A. Re), von den Griechen und Römern mit Zeus oder Jupiter verglichen (Jupiter A.), Prinzip der Zeugungskraft;… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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