John of Hauteville
John of Hauteville
Moralist and satirical poet of the twelfth century (flourished about 1184)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

John of Hauteville
    John of Hauteville
     Catholic_Encyclopedia John of Hauteville
    Moralist and satirical poet of the twelfth century (flourished about 1184). Little is known of his life. There is not much probability in the opinion that he was born in England, and he was not a Benedictine monk. The only work that can be attributed to him with certainty has for its title the name of its hero "Archithrenius" (The Prince of Lamentations). It is a Latin poem in eight cantos. In a prose prologue the hero deplores the unmerited woes of men, beginning with his own, and announces that he is going to Nature to seek the remedy for them. He begins by entering the palace of Venus and describes the beauty of one of the members of the goddess's retinue (I). Thence he passes to the Land of Gorging, inhabited by the Belly-worshippers (Ventricoloe), and to the prevailing sensuality he opposes the sobriety of the "White Brothers" (II). He comes to Paris and delivers a pompous eulogy of that city, describing, in contrast, the wretchedness of the students — a valuable piece of first-hand evidence in regard to the period when the University of Paris was laboriously developing itself (III). Archithrenius then visits the Mountain of Ambition, which is situated in Macedon, near Pella, the birthplace of Alexander, greatest of conquerors, and is crowned with the palaces of kings (IV). The Mountain of Presumption forms a pendant to this, and is inhabited mostly by ecclesiastics and monks. A eulogy of Henry II, King of England and Duke of Normandy, is here dragged in clumsily. But the hero discovers a gigantic monster, Cupidity, and the encounter calls forth a picture of the greediness of prelates. In another digression the hero contrives to relate the fabulous history of the Kings of Britain, in the main following Geoffrey of Monmouth (V). In the next canto we come to Thule, the abode of the philosophers and sages of ancient Greece, and they vie with each other in declaiming against vices (VI-VIII). Lastly, Archithrenius meets Nature on a flowery plain, surrounded by a brilliant throng of attendants. He falls at her feet. She begins with a complete course of cosmography and astronomy in five hundred lines, and ends by listening to the request of Archithrenius. For remedy, she prescribed for him marriage with a young girl whose physical beauty is minutely described. In the prologue this damsel was Moderation, but here there is nothing abstract about her, and Nature instructs her disciple in his conjugal duties (IX). These and other passages in the work exhibit a certain degree of sensuality. The imitation of the Latin poets is betrayed in the plagiarizing of whole verses at a time. John of Hauteville dedicated his work to Gautier de Coutances just when the latter had left the See of Lincoln for that of Rouen (1184). The poem had a great success. It was frequently copied and commented before being published in 1517, at Paris, by Jodocus Badius Ascencius. The latest edition is that of Th. Wright in "Latin Satirical Poets of the Twelfth Century" (Rolls Series, London, 1872).
    GIGNUENÉ in Histoire littéraire de la France, XIV (Paris, 1817), 569; BULÆUS (DU BOULAY), Historia universitatis Parisiensis, II (Paris, 1665), 750. For a supplementary bibliography see CHEVALIER, Bio-bibliographie, II 242.
    PAUL LEJAY

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John of Hauville — (also known as Johannes de Hauvilla, Johannes de Altavilla, John of Hauteville and Jean de Hauteville) was a moralist and satirical poet of the 12th century (flourished about 1184). Little is known of his life, but he was probably French. His… …   Wikipedia

  • Drogo of Hauteville — Drogo of Hauteville[1] (c. 1010 – 10 August 1051) succeeded his brother, William Iron Arm, with whom he arrived in southern Italy c. 1035, as the leader of the Normans of Apulia. With his brother, he took part in the campaign of the Byzantine… …   Wikipedia

  • Humphrey of Hauteville — [Called Onfroi de Hauteville in French and Umfredo d Altavilla in Italian.] (c. 1010 ndash; August 1057), surnamed Abagelard, was the Count of Apulia and Calabria from 1051 to his death. Humphrey was probably the youngest son of Tancred of… …   Wikipedia

  • Mauger of Hauteville — (also Latin Malgerius or Italian Maugerio) was a younger (probably the second) son of Tancred of Hauteville by his second wife, Fressenda. He travelled to the Mezzogiorno with his brother William and his elder half brother Geoffrey around 1053,… …   Wikipedia

  • Jordan of Hauteville — (born after 1056 died 12/18/19 September 1092) was the eldest son and bastard of Roger I of Sicily. A fighter, he took part, from an early age, in the conquests of his father in Sicily. In 1077, at the siege of Trapani, one of two Saracen… …   Wikipedia

  • Geoffrey of Hauteville — (also Gottfried , Godfrey , Goffredo , or Gaufrido ) was the second youngest son of Tancred of Hauteville by his first wife Muriella. He joined his brothers in the Mezzogiorno around 1053, arriving with his half brothers Mauger and William. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso of Hauteville — from 1135 to his death.He was named after his maternal grandfather, Alfonso VI of Castile. His maternal grandmother was Alfonso VI s fourth wife Isabel, possibly the same person as Zaida, converted daughter in law of al Mutamid of Seville. Though …   Wikipedia

  • Herman of Hauteville — ( Ermanno in Italian) (c. 1045 ndash; 1097) was the younger son of Humphrey, count of Apulia and Calabria (1051 1057), and his Lombard wife, Gaitelgrima of Salerno, also known as Altrude. His older brother Abelard was supposed to inherit their… …   Wikipedia

  • Serlo I of Hauteville — (also spelled Sarlo or Serlon in French) was a younger (probably the youngest, though some sources call him the eldest) son of Tancred of Hauteville by his first wife, Muriella. Born before 1010, he was the eldest son of Tancred s to remain in… …   Wikipedia

  • Hauteville family — The family of the Hauteville (French: Maison de Hauteville , Italian: Casa d Altavilla ) was a petty baronial Norman family from the Cotentin which rose to prominence in Europe, Asia, and Africa through its conquests in the Mediterranean,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”