Jehu
Jehu
The derivation of the name is uncertain. By some it is translated 'Yahweh is he'. Several by this name are noted in the article

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Jehu
    Jehu
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Jehu
    The derivation of the name is uncertain. By some it is translated "Yahweh is he".
    I. JEHU (Sept. 'Ioú), a prophet, described in III Kings, xvi, 1, as the son of Hanani, and as prophesying against Baasa, the then reigning King of Israel. Hanani is probably to be identified with the prophet of that name mentioned in II Par., xvi, 7. It is uncertain whether Jehu belonged to the Southern or Northern Kingdom, but, at all events, his ministry seems to have been exercised chiefly in the latter. He appears later in the reign of Josaphat, King of Juda, whom he reproaches for his alliance with Achab (cf. II Par., xix, 2-3). He outlived Josaphat, and wrote the history of his reign (II Par., xx, 34).
    II. JEHU,, the tenth King of Israel, 884 to 856, or 865 to 828, son of Josaphat, son of Namsi; his tribe is not mentioned. According to Josephus (Antiq., IX, vi, 1) he was chief commandant of the army of Joram, his predecessor. For his sudden elevation to the royal power and his bloody reign see IV Kings, ix, x. The Prophet Elias had previously received a command from the Lord to anoint Jehu king over Israel (III Kings, xix, 16), but the order was only carried out by Eliseus, his successor. While Joram, King of Israel, was still convalescing in Jezrahel from a wound, Eliseus sent "one of the sons of the prophets" to Jehu's head­quarters in Ramoth Galaad with orders to anoint him king and announce to him his mission of Divine vengeance against the wicked house of Achab. Jehu was immediately acclaimed king by his brother officers, and he forthwith set out in his chariot with his followers for Jezrahel, where Ozochias, King of Juda, was visiting his ally Joram. They fled, but Joram was killed by an arrow from the bow of Jehu, and Ozochias, being mortally wounded, died shortly after in Mageddo. Entering the town of Jezrahel, Jehu perceived the Queen Jezabel at a window of her palace, and he bade her attendants to cast her down headlong and she was trampled under the hoofs of the horses (III Kings, xxi, 23). Consistently with his programme of vengeance, Jehu caused the seventy sons of Achab who resided in Samaria to be put to death, and likewise all of the chief men and friends and priests of the house of Achab, as well as forty-two men of the brethren of Ozochias. He abolished the worship of Baal and slew its priests and followers, but he maintained the worship of the golden calves erected by Jeroboam. He was commended by Yahweh for his conduct towards the house of Achab, but nevertheless he is counted among the unfaithful rulers. Brief allusion is made to his defence of Israel against the incursions of the Syrians. On the occasion of Salmanasar's invasion in 842, Jehu sent a delegation to meet the Assyrian conqueror, with rich presents. This fact is recorded in one of the cuneiform inscriptions of Salmanasar, where Jehu is called the son of Amri (Humrii), doubtless through a mistake on the part of the Assyrian annalist, who naturally considered Jehu as a lineal descendant of Amri, the founder of Samaria, since he occupied the throne of that dynasty. The same event is pictorially set forth on the Nimrod obelisk.
    III. JEHU (Sept. 'Ieoú), son of Obed, of the tribe of Juda (I Par., ii, 38).
    IV. JEHU, son of Josabia, of the tribe of Simeon (I Par., iv, 35).
    V. JEHU, (Sept. 'Ieoúl), one of David's heroes, of the tribe of Benjamin, native of Anathoth (I Par., xii, 3).
    VIGOROUX, Dict. de la Bible, s. v.; HASTINGS, Dict of the Bible, s. v.; JOSEPHUS, Antiquities of the Jews, IX, vi, 1.
    JAMES F. DRISCOLL
    Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jehu — wirft sich vor Salmanassar III. Abbildung auf dem Schwarzen Obelisken Jehu (hebr. ‏יהוא‎ „JHWH ist er“; assyrisch Jaua) war König von Israel ca. 841– ca. 814 v. Chr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JEHU — (Heb. יֵהוּא), son of Jehoshaphat son of Nimshi (II Kings 9–10); reigned over the Israelite kingdom at Samaria for 28 years (c. 842–814 B.C.E.). During Ahab s reign Jehu already held a position which brought him into close contact with court… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jéhu — Jehu Jehu, fils de Omri, au pied de Salmanazar III Jehu est un roi du Royaume d Israel, fils de Jehoshaphat [1], et petit fils de Nimshi. William F. Albright date son règne autour de 842 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • JEHU — (Heb. יֵהוּא), son of Hanani; a prophet during the time of Baasha, king of Israel (c. 906–883 B.C.E.), and Jehoshaphat, king of Judah (c. 867–846 B.C.E.; I Kings 16:1, 7, 12; II Chron. 19:2; 20:34). Jehu s father may have been the seer Hanani who …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jehu — Jehu, fils de Omri, au pied de Salmanazar III Jehu est un roi d Israël, fils de Jehoshaphat[1], et petit fils de Nimshi. William F. Albright date son règne autour de 842 à 815, alors que Edw …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jehu — Je hu, n. [From Jehu, son of Nimshi. 2 Kings ix. 20.] A coachman; a driver; especially, one who drives furiously. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jehu — fast, skillful driver, 1680s, from Jehu, a king of Israel in the Old Testament, who driveth furiously (II Kings ix:20) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jehu — Jehu, 1) Prophet im Reiche Israel unter König Baesa, verkündigte diesem seinen Sturz; 2) Sohn Jehoschafats; unter Joram ließ ihn Elisa zum Könige salben, J. machte eine Verschwörung gegen den König, tödtete denselben u. rottete das ganze Haus… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jehu — Jehu, Sohn Josaphats, Feldherr des Königs Joram von Israel, ward von Elisa zum König von Israel gesalbt und durch eine von den Propheten geleitete Revolution auf den Thron gehoben. Er gründete die fünfte Dynastie und regierte von 884–856, nach… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jehu — (hebr., »Jahve ist«), Feldherr des israel. Königs Joram, wurde von einem Schüler des Elisa zum König (880 858) gesalbt, rottete das Geschlecht Ahabs und den Baalsdienst in Samaria aus, stellte die Jahvereligion wieder her, verlor aber das… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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