Jedburgh
Jedburgh
Augustinian abbey, in the town of the same name, established as a priory by David I, King of Scots, in 1118, and colonized by Canons Regular of St. Augustine from the Abbey of St-Quentin, at Beauvais, France

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Jedburgh
    Jedburgh
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Jedburgh
    (Eighty-two different spellings of the name are given in the "Origines Parochiales Scotiæ").
    Augustinian abbey, in the town of the same name (capital of Roxburghshire, Scotland), established as a priory by David I, King of Scots, in 1118, and colonized by Canons Regular of St. Augustine from the Abbey of St-Quentin, at Beauvais, France. Fordun gives 1147 as the year of foundation, but this seems to have been the date of the erection of the priory into an abbey, when prior Osbert (styled in the Melrose chronicle "primus abbas de Geddeworth") was raised to the abbatial dignity. Jedburgh soon became one of the greatest Scottish monasteries, deriving importance from its proximity to the castle (now entirely destroyed), which was the favourite residence of many of the Scottish kings. Lands, churches, houses, and valuable fisheries, on both sides of the border, were bestowed on the abbey by David I, Malcolm IV, William the Lion, and other royal and noble benefactors; and Alexander III chose to be married in the abbey church to Yolande de Dreux in 1285, by which year the monastic buildings, including the great church, were probably complete.
    An opulent abbey so near the English border as Jedburgh was sure to suffer much in the constant wars between England and Scotland. About 1300 the monastery became uninhabitable, owing to repeated attacks made on it, and the community was dispersed. Later on it recovered its prosperity for a time, but in the century and a half preceding the Reformation it was devastated, plundered, and occasionally set on fire, at least four times by the invading English. In 1559 (John Horne being abbot) the abbey was suppressed, and its possessions confiscated by the Crown. A Protestant (Protestantism) church was afterwards constructed within the nave and used until 1875, when a new church was built by the Marquess of Lothian, whose family has possessed the lordship of Jedburgh continuously since 1622. Practically the whole of the domestic buildings of Jedburgh Abbey have disappeared; but the magnificent church is still wonderfully entire. The oldest part is the early Norman choir, of which the two western bays remain; and the nave, 129 feet long, is a very stately and impressive example of Early English work. The decorated north transept (fourteenth century) is the burial-place of the Kers of Fernihurst, now represented by the Marquess of Lothian. The massive central tower is still quite perfect. The total length of the church (inside) is 218 feet.
    Origines Parochiales Scotiæ, I (Edinburgh, 1850), 366-386; WATSON, Jedburgh Abbey (Edinburgh, 1894); Saturday Review, LIV. 437-440; WORDSWORTH, Tour in Scotland, ed. SHAIRP (1874); GORDON, Monasticon, I (Glasgow, 1868), 249-258; MORTON, Monastic Annals of Teviotdale (Edinburgh, 1832); JEFFREY, History and Antiquities of Roxburghshire (4 vols., 1857-64); WYNTOUN, Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1872-79).
    D.O. HUNTER-BLAIR
    Transcribed by Vivek Gilbert John Fernandez Dedicated to the wonderful people of Scotland.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jedburgh —    JEDBURGH, a burgh, market town, and parish, in the district of Jedburgh, county of Roxburgh, of which it is the capital, 11 miles (S. W. by S.) from Kelso, and 49 (S. E. by S.) from Edinburgh; containing, with the villages of Bongate,… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Jedburgh — Jedburgh, Hauptstadt der schottischen Grafschaft Roxburgh, in einem tiefen Thale am Jed; gothische Kirche, Obergericht, Grafschaftsgefängniß, Wollen u. Baumwollenmanufacturen, Gerberei; 3000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jedburgh — (spr. dschéddbŏro), Hauptstadt (royal burgh) von Roxburghshire (Schottland), im tiefen Tal des Jed (zum Teviot), mit Abteiruine, Schloß (früher Gefängnis), Museum, Lateinschule, Fabrikation von Wollenzeug und Decken und (1901) 2222 Einw. J. ist… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jedburgh — infobox UK place country = Scotland official name= Jedburgh latitude= 55.477 longitude= 2.546 gaelic name= Deadard scots name= Jeddart, Jethart population = 4,090 os grid reference= NT6520 unitary scotland= Scottish Borders lieutenancy scotland=… …   Wikipedia

  • Jedburgh — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jedburgh (homonymie). Article détaillé : Liste des équipes Jedburgh. Jedburgh est une opération menée par les forces alliées pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, qui avait pour objectif de coordonner l action …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jedburgh — Original name in latin Jedburgh Name in other language Deadard, Dzhedburg, Jedburg, Jedburgh, jedobara, Джедбург State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 55.47997 latitude 2.552 altitude 77 Population 4045 Date 2010 08 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Jedburgh — /jed berr oh, bur oh/ or, esp. Brit., / breuh/, n. a border town in the Borders region, in SE Scotland: ruins of an abbey. 3874. * * * ▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       royal burgh (town), Scottish Borders council area, historic county of… …   Universalium

  • Jedburgh — geographical name royal burgh SE Scotland SE of Edinburgh …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Jedburgh — noun a) A town in the region. b) Code name for teams of three parachuted into Occupied Europe (primarily France, but also Holland and Belgium) beginning on D Day (June 6, 1944) to aid local Resistance groups. The men consisted of a British or… …   Wiktionary

  • JEDBURGH —    (3), county town of Roxburghshire, picturesquely situated on the Jed, 30 m. SW. of Berwick, and 10 m. SW. of Kelso; is an ancient town of many historic memories; made a royal burgh by David I.; contains the ruins of an abbey, and has some… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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