Jason
Jason
A Greek name adopted by many Jews whose Hebrew designation was Joshua (Jesus). In the Old Testament, it is applied to three or four persons connected with the period of the Machabees

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Jason
    Jason
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Jason
    A Greek name adopted by many Jews whose Hebrew designation was Joshua (Jesus). In the Old Testament, it is applied to three or four persons connected with the period of the Machabees.
    I. JASON, THE SON OF ELEAZAR
    In 161 B.C., he was sent to Rome by Judas Machabeus to secure an alliance offensive and defensive (I Mach., viii, 177 sqq.).
    II. JASON
    The father of the Antipater who was one of the ambassadors sent by Jonathan, in 144 B.C. to renew the former treaty with the Roman (I Mach., xiv, 22). This Jason is perhaps to be identified with Jason, the son of Eleazar.
    III. JASON OF CYRENE
    A Jewish historian who lived in the second century B.C., and whose work is made know to us by the Second Book of Machabees, which professes to be its direct "Epitome" (II Mach., ii, 24, 27, 32). Jason's work, divided into five books, dealt, apparently in great detail, with the history of the Machabees and the wars of the Jews against Antiochus Epiphanes, and his son Eupator (II Mach., ii, 20 sqq.). In the "Epitome" five parts may still be distinguished, corresponding probably to the five books of Jason, and ending respectively with iii, 40; vii, 42; x, 9; xiii, 26; xv, 37. Jason composed his work in Greek, not long after 160 B.C., at which date the Second Book of the Machabees closes its narrative. He was thus contemporary with the events which he chronicled.
    IV. JASON, THE HIGH-PRIEST
    This unworthy son of Simon the Just purchased at great price from Antiochus Epiphanes the deposition of his brother Onias III from the high-priesthood. During the three years of his own pontificate, he did all in his power to corrupt the faith and morals of the youth of Jerusalem (II Mach., iv, 7-17). On the occasion of the games celebrated at Tyre, in honour of Hercules, he sent a Jewish deputation with a large sum of money which he intended to be spent on pagan sacrifices; at the request of his envoys, however, it was devoted to building galleys. He was finally supplanted by Menelaus, his own envoy to Antichus, took refuge among the Ammonites (II Mach., iv, 23-26), captured Jerusalem next year, but had to soon flee again among the Ammonites, wandered in different places, and ultimately died miserably at Sparta.
    FRANCIS E. GIGOT
    Transcribed by Christine J. Murray

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jason — (Greek: Ἰάσων, Etruscan: Easun, Laz: Yason) was a late ancient Greek mythological figure, famous as the leader of the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece. He was the son of Aeson, the rightful king of Iolcus. He was married to the… …   Wikipedia

  • JASON — (second century B.C.E.), high priest. Jason, who adopted this Greek form of his Hebrew name Joshua, was the son of the high priest Simeon II and a brother of onias iii . According to Josephus he was also the brother of menelaus , but it is almost …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jason — m English form of the name (Greek Iasōn) borne in classical mythology by a hero, leader of the Argonauts, who sailed to Colchis in search of the Golden Fleece, enduring many hardships and adventures. The sorceress Medea fell in love with him and… …   First names dictionary

  • Jason — (Гластрос,Греция) Категория отеля: 1 звездочный отель Адрес: Glastros, Гластрос, 84600, Греция …   Каталог отелей

  • Jason — Jason, ein Sohn Aeson s und der Alkimede, ward als Kind von seinem Oheim Pelias, nachdem dieser seinen Vater vom Throne gestoßen, verfolgt und deßhalb von den Eltern für todt ausgegeben und bei dem Centauren Chiron im Geheimen erzogen.… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Jasón — es un héroe mitológico griego. Era hijo de Esón, rey de Yolcos. Habiendo sido destronado Esón por su hermano Pelias, éste fue advertido por el oráculo de que tuviera cuidado con un hombre calzado con una sola sandalia porque pondría en peligro su …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jason — prop. n. the husband of Medea and leader of the Argonauts who sailed in quest of the Golden Fleece. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jason — masc. proper name, from Gk. Eason, from Heb. Yehoshua, a common name among Hellenistic Jews (see JOSHUA (Cf. Joshua)). In Greek mythology, son of Aeson, leader of the Argonauts, from L. Jason, from Gk. Iason, perhaps related to iasthai to heal.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jason — (spr. J afon), 1) Sohn des Äson u. der Polymede od. Alkimede, Zögling des Chiron u. Theilnehmer an der Kalydonischen Jagd. In seinem 20. Jahre erschien er in Jolkos, welche Stadt Pelias seinem Vater entrissen hatte, u. da er nur mit einem Schuh… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jāson — Jāson, war zur Zeit des Thebanischen Krieges Tyrann von Pherä, wegen seiner großen Heeresmacht in ganz Griechenland gefürchtet u. Bundesgenoß der Thebaner; nach der Schlacht bei Leuktra, 371 v. Chr., verlangten die Thebaner von ihm Hülfe, damit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”