Improperia
Improperia
The reproaches which in the liturgy of the Office of Good Friday the Saviour is made to utter against the Jews, who, in requital for all the Divine favours and particularly for the delivery from the bondage of Egypt and safe conduct into the Promised Land, inflicted on Him the ignominies of the Passion and a cruel death

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Improperia
    Improperia
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Improperia
    The Improperia are the reproaches which in the liturgy of the Office of Good Friday the Saviour is made to utter against the Jews, who, in requital for all the Divine favours and particularly for the delivery from the bondage of Egypt and safe conduct into the Promised Land, inflicted on Him the ignominies of the Passion and a cruel death. It is during the Adoration of the Cross that these touching remonstrances are rendered by the choir. In all they consist of three distinct parts. Of these the third — composed of the antiphon "Crucem tuam adoramus", the first verse of Psalm lxvi, the versicle "Crux fidelis", and the hymn "Pange lingua gloriosi lauream" — does not belong to the Improperia strictly so called. The first part consists of three reproaches, namely, the Popule meus" (Mich., vi, 3), "Ego eduxi" (Jer., ii, 21) and "Quid ultra" (Is., v, 2, 40), the Trisagion (Sanctus Deus, Santus fortis, Sanctus immortalis) being repeated after each in the Latin and Greek languages. The second part contains nine reproaches pervaded by the same strain of remonstrance. Each of these is a verse taken from some portion of the Scriptures and followed in every instance by the "Popule meus" as a sort of refrain. Originally these striking sentences were rendered to a plain-song melody. In the year 1560 Palestrina gave them such an appropriate and beautiful musical setting that Pius IV ordered it to be used in the Sixtine Chapel, where one may still hear on Good Friday each year these exquisite compositions, which are unsurpassed in simple beauty, dramatic feeling, and depth of impressiveness. The best edition of Palestrina's "Improperia" is probably that published by Dr. Proske in the fourth volume of "Musica Divina" in 1863. This version is founded on the Altaemps-Otthoboni MS. preserved in the Vatican Library (cf. Grove, "Dictionary of Music", s.v.). The precise date of the appearance of the Improperia in the liturgy is not ascertained. Definite references to it are found in documents of the ninth and tenth centuries, and even traces exist in manuscripts of a much earlier date. In his work "De antiquâ ecclesiæ disciplinâ", Martène (c. xxiii) gives a number of fragmentary Ordines, some of which go back as far as 600. Many others mention the Improperia. In the beginning the order was not quite what it is now, and in many places the officiant himself at the Good Friday Office sang the verses of the reproaches, while the people joined in the responses or refrain. Thus the representative character of these moving words seems to have been more effectively observed.
    P.J. MORRISROE
    Transcribed by Christine J. Murray

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Improperia — Im pro*pe ri*a, n. pl. [L., reproaches.] (Mus.) A series of antiphons and responses, expressing the sorrowful remonstrance of our Lord with his people; sung on the morning of the Good Friday in place of the usual daily Mass of the Roman ritual.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Improperĭa — Improperĭa, 1) Vorwürfe Jesu gegen das jüdische Volk, s.u. Jerusalem (a. Geogr.); 2) (kath. Ritus), Verse, welche den Juden ihre Undankbarkeit vorhalten u., während der Priester u. die übrigen anwesenden Geistlichen das Kreuz küssen, von zwei… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Improperia — The Improperia are a series of antiphons and responses, expressing the remonstrance of Jesus Christ with His people. [CathEncy|url=http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Improperia|title=Improperia] They are also known as the… …   Wikipedia

  • IMPROPERIA — [лат. упреки], в богослужении католич. Церкви один из элементов службы Великой пятницы, по содержанию представляющий собой упреки избранному народу, произносимые от лица Иисуса Христа. Происхождение I. связано с развитием чина поклонения Кресту… …   Православная энциклопедия

  • Improperia — /im pro pear ee euh/, n. (used with a pl. v.) reproach (def. 8). [1875 80; < LL, pl. of IMPROPERIUM, equiv. to L improper(are) to blame (appar. an unlearned conflation of improbare to express disapproval and improprius incorrect or improperus not …   Universalium

  • Improperia —    See Reproaches …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • improperia — лат. [импропэ/риа] импроперии (песнопения католич. церкви) …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • Improperia — /im pro pear ee euh/, n. (used with a pl. v.) reproach (def. 8). [1875 80; < LL, pl. of IMPROPERIUM, equiv. to L improper(are) to blame (appar. an unlearned conflation of improbare to express disapproval and improprius incorrect or improperus… …   Useful english dictionary

  • IMPROPERIA — (лат., жалобы [страждущей любви у креста]); антифоны и респонзории, которые в католич. богослужении поются в Страстную пятницу перед мессой, на старинную григорианскую мелодию. Только в Сикстинской капелле в Риме I. поются с 1560 в переложении… …   Музыкальный словарь Римана

  • Импроперия — (Improperia) двухорное вокальное сочинение, написанное на духовные стихи, содержащие упреки Господа своему неблагодарному народу; исполняется в католической црк. в Великую пятницу во время поклонения Кресту. В истории церковной музыки особое… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

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