Alumnus
Alumnus
Signifies in ecclesiastical usage, a student preparing for the sacred ministry in a seminary

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Alumnus
    Alumnus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Alumnus
    (From Lat. alo, "to nurse", or "feed").
    Alumnus signifies in ecclesiastical usage, a student preparing for the sacred ministry in a seminary. Originally the word meant a child adopted with certain restricted privileges, or a foster-child. Since the Council of Trent, however, the word has become equivalent to a seminarian, and as such is often applied to the students of the ecclesiastical colleges in Rome. The Council of Trent (sess. xxiii, ch. 18, de Ref.) required bishops to establish institutions for the education of students for the priesthood. Formerly, church candidates had been educated in the houses of priests, in monasteries, or in the public universities. According to the Council, such alumni, among other qualifications, should be a least twelve years of age and able to read and write, and their disposition should be such as to give hope that they would adorn perpetually the sacred ministry. Children of the poor were to be especially favoured. Besides philosophy, theology, scripture, and canon law, they were to study rites and ceremonies, sacred eloquence and plain chant. The bishop was to see that the students heard Mass daily, confessed monthly, and communicated as often as advisable. On festival days they were to take part in the cathedral services. The bishop was also exhorted to visit these students frequently, to watch over their progress in learning and piety, and to remove hindrances to their advancement. In 1896, the Congregation of Bishops and Regulars laid down rules for the guidance of bishops in regard to alumni who attend public universities, requiring especially that they do not associate too familiarly with the other students, and that they be gathered frequently for spiritual conferences and for philosophical, theological, and historical discussions. (See SEMINARY, ECCLESIASTICAL.)
    LUCIDI, De Visit. Sac. Lim., I, III (Rome, 1889); LAURENTIUS, Inst. Jur. Eccl. (Freiburg, 1903), 471; BOUIX, De Episcopo, II (Paris, 1889).
    WILLIAM H.W. FANNING
    Transcribed by Thomas M. Barrett Dedicated to all seminarians

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Synonyms:
(of an institution of learning), , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • alumnus — (n.) 1640s, from L. alumnus a pupil, lit. foster son, vestigial present passive participle of alere to nourish (see OLD (Cf. old)), with ending akin to Gk. omenos. Plural is alumni. Fem. is alumna (1882), fem. plural alumnae …   Etymology dictionary

  • Alumnus — A*lum nus, n.; pl. {Alumni}. [L., fr. alere to nourish.] A pupil; especially, a graduate of a college or other seminary of learning. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Alúmnus — (lat.), Kostschüler, Pflegling, Zögling einer Erziehungsanstalt (Alumnat, Internat), der Wohnung, Kost und Unterricht (ganz oder halb frei) erhält; Gegensatz: Stadtschüler (Oppidanus, Extraneer). – Juristisch bezeichnet Alumnat das rein faktische …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • alumnus — (stressed on the second syllable) means a former student or pupil, and comes from a Latin word meaning ‘nursling’. It is more common in AmE than in BrE. The plural form is alumni (pronounced niy) and the female form is alumna (plural alumnae,… …   Modern English usage

  • alumnus — / alumna [n] graduate alum, old grad*, postgraduate; concept 350 …   New thesaurus

  • alumnus — ► NOUN (pl. alumni; fem. alumna, pl. alumnae) ▪ a former pupil or student of a particular school, college, or university. ORIGIN Latin, pupil , from alere nourish …   English terms dictionary

  • alumnus — ☆ alumnus [ə lum′nəs] n. pl. alumni [ə lum′nī΄] [L, a pupil, foster son < alere, to nourish: see OLD ] a person, esp. a boy or man, who has attended or is a graduate of a particular school, college, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Alumnus — Old girl redirects here. For the Australian Rules Football ground, see Victoria Park, Melbourne. Alumni redirects here. For the Argentine football team, see Alumni Athletic Club. An alumnus (plural alumni), according to the American Heritage… …   Wikipedia

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  • Alúmnus — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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