Halicarnassus
Halicarnassus
A titular see of Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Halicarnassus
    Halicarnassus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Halicarnassus
    A titular see of Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis. It was a colony from Trœzen in Argolis, and one of the six towns that formed the Dorian Hexapolis in Asia Minor. It was situated on Ceramic Gulf and the isthmus known as Zephyrion, whence its original name, Zephyria, was protected by many forts, and was the largest and strongest town in Caria. Its harbour was also famous. The Persians imposed tyrants on the town who subdued all Caria, and remained faithful to Persia, though they adopted the Greek language, customs, and arts. Its queen, Artemisia, and her fleet were present with Xerxes at Salamis. Another Artemisia is famous for the magnificent tomb (Mausoleum) she built for her husband, Mausolus, at Halicarnassus, a part of which is now in the British Museum. The town was captured and burnt by Alexander. Though rebuilt, it never recovered its former prosperity, and gradually disappeared almost from history. The historians Herodotus and Dionysius were born there. It is the modern Bodrum, the chief town of a caza in the vilayet of Smyrna, and has 6000 inhabitants, of whom 3600 are Mussulmans ( see Mohammed and Mohammedanism ) and 2200 Greeks. Halicarnassus is mentioned (I Mach., xv, 23) among the towns to which the consul Lucius sent the letter announcing the alliance between Rome and the high-priest Simon. To its Jewish colony the Romans, at a later date, gave permission to build houses of prayer near the sea coast (Josephus, Ant. jud., XIV, x, 23). In the "Notitiæ Episcopatuum" mention of it occurs until the twelfth or thirteenth century.. Lequien (Oriens Christ., I, 913) mentions three bishops: Calandion, who sent a representative to the Council of Chalcedon, 451; Julian, condemned in 536 as an Aphthartodocetist; Theoctistus, present at the Council of Constantinople, 553. At the Second Council of Nicæa in 787, the see was represented by the deacon ( see Deacons ) Nicetas.
    NEWTON, A History of Discoveries at Halicarnassus, Cnidus, and Branchidœ (London, 1862-3); SMITH, Dict. of Greek and Roman Geogr., s. v.; CUINET, La Turquie d'Asie (Paris, 1894), 662-664; BEURLIER in Vig., Dict. de la Bible, s. v.
    S. PÉTRIDÈS.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • HALICARNASSUS — Cariae civitas maritima, ad sinum Ceramicum Argivorum colonia, in qua Mausole, quondam nobilissimum opus extabat. Patria Herodoti, et Heracliti poetae, Callimachi socii, ac Dionysii Historici, qui res Romanas conscripsit. Regia olim Cariae fuit.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Halicarnassus — [hal΄ə kär nas′əs] ancient city in SW Asia Minor, on the Aegean: site of the MAUSOLEUM …   English World dictionary

  • Halicarnassus — Infobox Settlement official name = Halicarnassus(Ἁλικαρνασσός) other name = (Bodrum) native name = Ancient Carian City in Turkey imagesize = 280px image caption = The ruins of the Mausoleum of Maussollos, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient… …   Wikipedia

  • Halicarnassus — Halicarnassian, Halicarnassean, adj. /hal euh kahr nas euhs/, n. an ancient city of Caria, in SW Asia Minor: site of the Mausoleum, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. * * * modern Bodrum Ancient Greek city, western Anatolia. Located… …   Universalium

  • Halicarnassus — noun an ancient Greek city on the southwestern coast of Asia Minor in what is now Turkey; site of the mausoleum at Halicarnassus • Instance Hypernyms: ↑city, ↑metropolis, ↑urban center • Part Holonyms: ↑Turkey, ↑Republic of Turkey …   Useful english dictionary

  • Halicarnassus — geographical name ancient city SW Asia Minor in SW Caria on Aegean Sea …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Halicarnassus — noun /ˌhælɪkɑrˈnæsəs/ ancient Greek city on the southwest coast of Caria, Anatolia …   Wiktionary

  • HALICARNASSUS —    a Greek city, and the chief of Caria, in Asia Minor, on the sea coast opposite the island of Cos, the birthplace of Herodotus; celebrated for the tomb of Mausolus, called the MAUSOLEUM (q.v.) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Halicarnassus — Hal•i•car•nas•sus [[t]ˌhæl ə kɑrˈnæs əs[/t]] n. anh ara geg an ancient city of Caria, in SW Asia Minor: site of the Mausoleum, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world Hal i•car•nas′si•an, Hal i•car•nas′se•an, adj …   From formal English to slang

  • Halicarnassus — /hæləkaˈnæsəs/ (say haluhkah nasuhs) noun an ancient city of Caria, in south western Asia Minor, now Turkey; site of the Mausoleum, one of the Seven Wonders of the World …   Australian English dictionary

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