Abipones
Abipones
Indian tribe, linguistically of Guaycuru stock

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Abipones
    Abipones
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Abipones
    This Indian tribe, linguistically of Guaycuru stock, formerly roaming the east side of the Paraná river, was finally concentrated between the Rio Bermejo on the north, the Rio Salado on the south, and the Parana on the east, on the soil of the present Argentine Republic. Their customs appear to have been the same of those of South American tribes in general; clanship, an elaborate animism, or fetishism, complete sway of the medicine-men over private and tribal matters; chiefs eligible, or imposed through the impression created by casual achievements combined with wiles of the Shamans. Their weapons were lances, bows, and arrows, though the lance was preferred. They had most of the customs of the Guaycuru, including the couvade. In 1641 the Abipones had already obtained the horse from the Spanish settlers. At that time they were, according to tradition, still north of the Rio Bermejo, whence it is likely they were driven south by the Tobas, a warlike tribe of their own linguistic stock. Their horses, thriving on the grassy plains, soon made the Abipones very dangerous to Spanish colonization by means of raids on the settlements, by which they increased their own stocks of horses and cattle. In the first half of the eighteenth century, the Jesuits undertook the task of taming these unruly centaurs of the "Grand Chaco". With great difficulty, Fathers Casado, Sanchez, and especially Father Martin Dobrizhoffer, who was for eighteen years a missionary in Paraguay, succeeded in forming several settlements of Christianized Abipones near the Parana. These colonies were maintained in spit of the turbulent spirit of the neophytes, which caused incessant trouble with Spanish settlers, and above all, in spite of the murderous onslaughts made by the Tobas and Moobobis, strong and warlike tribes, upon the missions, when these showed signs of material prosperity. The expulsion of the Jesuits from Paraguay in 1768 and 1769 was the deathknell of the Abipones. The Tobas and Moobobis destroyed them in the course of less than half a century. It is to the work of Father Martin Dobrizhoffer, S.J., that we know most of our knowledge of the Abipones.
    Dobrizhoffer, Historia de Abiponibus, equestri, bellicosaque Paraguariae natione, etc. (Vienna, 1784; German version, 1784; English tr. 1822). References to the language are found in Hervas, Origine, Formazione, Mecanismo, ed Armonia degli Idiomi (Cesena, 1785); Id., Vocabulario poliglotto (1787); Saggio practico delle Lingue etc. (1787); Adrian Balbi, Atlas ethnographique du globe (Paris, 1826); Alcide d'Orbrigny, L'Homme americain (Paris, 1839); Brinton, The American Race.
    AD. F. BANDELIER
    Transcribed by Michael Donahue A.M.D.G.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abipones — Distribución aproximada de lenguas en el extremo meridional de Sudamérica en tiempos de la Conquista. Los abipones fueron una etnia amerindia, del conjunto pámpido y de la familia lingüística de los guaycurúes, estrechamente emparentados con… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abipones — The Abipones were a tribe of South American Indians of Guaycuran stock recently inhabiting the territory lying between Santa Fe and St. Iago. They originally occupied the Chaco district of Paraguay, but were driven south by the hostility of the… …   Wikipedia

  • ABIPONES —    a once powerful warlike race in La Plata, now nearly all absorbed …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • San Fernando del Río Negro — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Monolito puesto por la comunidad de Resistencia en homenaje a los fundadores de San Fernando del Río Negro a los 200 años de su fundación. Está situada en la avenida 25 de Mayo al 2000 aproximadamente de la ciudad de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Herradura (Formosa) — Herradura Localidad y municipio de Argentina …   Wikipedia Español

  • Misiones jesuíticas del Gran Chaco — La Compañía de Jesús fundó durante el período de dominio colonial de España en América del Sur un grupo de reducciones en la región del Gran Chaco, en donde se encontraban los límites de varias gobernaciones, hoy esos territorios son parte de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Domingo Rodríguez — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Domingo Rodríguez Lealtad Confederación Argentina …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guaycurú — / Waikurú Idioma Lenguas mataco guaicurú Guaicurúes,[1] guaycurúes o guaykurúes son los nombres que recibe un conjunto de pueblos indígenas de origen pámpido patagónico que habita la región del Gran Chaco, en la Argentina, Bolivia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Indígenas de Argentina — Distribución de los distintos tipos de aborígenes en Argentina. El poblamiento humano del actual territorio de Argentina tiene una antigüedad de entre 10 100 y 13 000 años AP, de acuerdo a los hallazgos de Piedra Museo, en la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bella Vista (Corrientes) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Este artículo esta siendo revisado por un integrante del Wikiproyecto: Ciudades del mundo. Bella Vista …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”